Production area of peat extraction, season 2012 (Mine Kaushtenskoe, Leningrad region).
PRODUCTION AND USE OF PEAT
Initially peat used solely for energy purposes, as a fuel. This trend has been developing ever since. The second and most important direction is the use of peat in agriculture, horticulture greenhouses. The third area is the production of peat processing and its use in various industries.
Russia has from 40 to 60% of world reserves of peat and has a future to address local energy, improve soil fertility, environmental issues, export of peat and peat products. Of peat in Russia are estimated at 162.7 billion tons of peat 40% humidity.
As a local household fuel use milled peat, sod peat and wood pellets. Consumers of fuel peat are thermal power plants, boilers, municipal and residential customers heating oil, peat briquette factories, village settlements Peat boiler.
Milling extraction method
Once milled peat reaches the desired moisture content, it is collected in rolls directly in the field. Milling, stir and swathing form the so-called "collection cycle." Immediately after raking starts a new process of milling the surface of the swamp. Peat collected in rolls, worse absorbs moisture and therefore will remain dry. After 4-6 cycles of the collection of peat, with the belt of the rolls loaded on trailers and delivered to a special area for subsequent storage in
Production of fuel briquettes — one of the first areas of peat processing industry. Peat pellets by compression of dried milled peat briquette presses on special at the factory. This is the highest quality peat fuel, which is used in the power plant, boiler rooms and the public.
Sod peat — high quality household fuel, made a special complex machines in the field and not inferior to the caloric firewood, brown coal, shale, low-grade black coal. Sod peat as fuel is used by municipal boilers to supply heat villages, small towns, the military units of the population.
Agricultural peat — Up to 70% peat mined in the world is sold for non-energy purposes, mainly for agriculture and horticulture. Due to their unique physical and chemical properties of low density, high porosity and biological sterility peat is the widest possible use in animal husbandry, horticulture greenhouse, floriculture and plant breeding.
Recent years has been actively peat is used in ecology and environmental technologies. In upland peat deposits can grow torfodernovye carpets, landscaping, green building and wind erosion control, consolidation of slopes in road construction. Peat prepared peat filter elements sorbents having neftemasloemkostyu high (not less than 5 kg / kg)
Over the years, the study of peat have been identified, tested in practice multilateral direction of its use, established technology and equipment for the production of many types of peat production. Scientific research in the area of peat in the world are engaged in several research centers and institutes which are in Russia, Belarus, Finland, USA, Canada.
TRANSPORTATION OF PEAT
Extraction of peat mining sites can be carried out year-round, mainly by rail on a permanent or temporary narrow gauge tracks. Close-peat can be delivered to customers in a broad gauge wagons. This overload of peat by using cranes.
Extraction of peat for agriculture is carried by road in winter time on temporary winter roads. If the warehousing and storage of peat is on dry land, the removal of peat by road is possible all year round.