Robots created by the Central Research Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics (RTC) allows the operator at a safe distance to perform many dangerous operations, including in extreme conditions.
The mobile robot "Scout", despite its impressive dimensions and weighs 250 pounds, is moving pretty fast, at a speed of meters per second, and most importantly — captivates by its versatility. This jack-of-all-trades can be used to protect and patrol facilities, location of man-made accidents, radiation intelligence.
Initially (the development started in 2007 with the support of FASI) robot created for the search and evacuation of local gamma-ray sources to be used in carrying out its normal operations at nuclear power plants, as well as during natural disasters and military operations.
"The robot can go to the territory to find an object, the television cameras to inspect it, and if necessary evacuate, — says the head of the Central Research Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics Roman Chizhevsky. — In cases where the visual search object is not visible — for example, if it is under the snow or in the grass, the robot can not find it. As part of the localization of accidents he has a lifting crane. If there was a blockage, it can be dismantled. And during the blasting-operation — cover localizer explosion special product — "fountain".
Scientists have tried to maximize the autonomy of the robot, possibly reducing the control of the operator. The robot may operate in two modes,. First, the mechanism is controlled by the operator using the remote control — up to 300 meters. In this case, the robot can prompt the operator what to do, "Stop", "measured", "Specify the direction of the source." In principle possible to perform the same commands on their own (just the second mode).
Tests robotic system is carried out in the institute. Scientists check its stability at various uneven surfaces. It is important to create a system that automatically, without operator intervention, would prevent a collision and rollover robots. And the staff of RTC was able to successfully solve this problem by using a set of special sensors. Now you need to test. In addition, work is underway to improve the software for navigation.
"From a scientific point of view navigation — interesting question — said Deputy Chief Designer Sergei Polovko RTC. — Depending on the card, which is a robot, he builds a route and move through it, overcoming the obstacles. Moreover, in the course refines the map to twice not to step on the same rake. If the robot once one will see the place where it could tip over, it marks this place as a taboo for its further progress and on the way back, or the repetition of operations in the area, he will not come back. "
The scientists tested the robot capacity. As long as he can hold 40 kilograms, the plans — to increase its power capability up to 50. "We also want the robot to capture not with furious force, but rather carefully — so that the egg is not crushed, — says Roman Chizhevsky. — We are working on sensors that could provide us with information about the strength of the capture robot. In addition, improving the interface: the operator — for example, the OMON without special training can quickly learn how to operate it. "