Family members «Armata»

Family members
Analysis schemes aft engine placement
Weekly «Military-Industrial Courier» continues to expound on the future outlook spetsa Russian tank, which should arrive in the near future the Russian army (see previous article number number 37 (a copy of the article on VPK.name) and 38 (a copy of the article on the MIC . name)).

The need for the creation of different machines on the «heavy» basis stem from the requirements for the Unification of the main components and assemblies armored vehicles (AFV) requirements of the Land Forces since the Russian era.

The main difference

In turn, the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said: «A single platform heaviest armor» Armata «will be constructed in a modular fashion, repair armored vehicles will occur simply by removal of a certain unit, and the repair will turn into quite a spirited and efficient operation, which is carried out on the battlefield. «

Principle of modularity is applicable to the main sites and aggregates all machines platform «Armata». Yet there will be also a special subsystem for each type of armored fighting vehicles.

Priemuschestvenno machines will be different accommodation option of the engine compartment (MTO). Main battle tank and fire support machine created with a stern MTO, as to them, apart from the need to ensure protection of the radial-portable anti-(TCP), claim to counter kinetic Title caliber 120-125 mm.

With stern MTO should also be made armored recovery vehicle (ARV), engineering machine razgrazhdeniya (WRI), an armored vehicle clearance (BIS), armored armored vehicle launched bridge (BTM), languid flamethrower system (TOS).

ARV

Provides features comparable to the tank dynamic and mobile TTX, the desired level of protection and permeability. Created to address a wide range of technical support tank units in the conduct of all types of fighting in different weather and weather criteria. Is a question of technical intelligence on the battlefield and funny day NIGHT MODE, towing and faulty samples lined Armor in the coming seekers and collecting points warped machines (SPPM), start the engines serviced machines electronic and pneumatic methods, helping crews in repair, lifting an work, pulling stuck and sunken samples Armor (for all kinds of jams and forcing aqua-bottlenecking at the bottom), performing welding and cutting works, excavation works at SPPM equipment, porches and Congresses entrenchment.

ARV are used as part of repair and recovery groups tracked columns technical fault on the marches, SPPM, units and formations, rescue and evacuation teams in crossing the aqua-bottlenecking, Fri Technical Supervision. They staffed mobile means technical support tank battalions, mechanized brigades and other units and filled with the heavy tracked vehicles.

WRI

Created to perform engineering work to ensure the advance of troops and equipment cross-country routes. Is a rather perfect car razgrazhdeniya engineering for the production of works in soils I-IV categories. Sealed, armed systems fording to a depth of 5 meters, radiation protection, dymopuska (forms a dense and large-sized smoke Zahav), as means of communication. The composition of the working equipment includes universal bulldozer and telescopic boom with a universal working body. Accessories — knife rut mine sweeper with electric attachment KMT-RZ.

The machine must be armed with a remote-controlled anti-aircraft machine gun mount with a 12.7-mm machine gun mnogokalibernym Kord. WRI Features: overcharge protection from fire small guns and machine guns mnogokalibernyh ability to overcome self antitank minefields, availability of crew support, including devices boil water and heat food, the collection and storage of wastes.

BIS

Accompanies troop columns and ensures their movement in mined areas by minesweeping and breaching minefields for the tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers and other vehicles, wide tracks (wheels) and mezhgusenichnoe (mezhkolesnogo) whose distance approximately equal to the same tank characteristics. In the minefields of protivogusenichnyh min push act paves the two track width 80-87 cm any, and between them remains neprotralennaya band width of 162 centimeters. In the fields of protivodnischevyh min with contact fuses BIS makes continuous passage width of 3.2 meters, in the fields of protivodnischevyh min with magnetic fuses — six or seven meters.

Structurally, the BIS is a tank chassis with enhanced mine-protected, which are set cutting crew, cargo bed capacity of 5 tons for trawls, lifting tool, integrated management system trawling equipment, remote-controlled anti-aircraft machine gun mount with a 12.7 mm machine gun mnogokalibernym Kord.

Deck with cupola — welded armor plates of, armed with hatches and observation devices. It is controlled from inside the anti-aircraft machine gun mount. Rear cabin located loading platform for transporting sections roller-trawl. On the cabin and the front part of the body there are containers with explosive reactive armor (ERA). To mask and smoke-screens used dymopuska system «902.» In the fighting compartment machine has three places for the bomb squad.

Compared with the tank should be different BIS best habitability criteria, so the crew could not leave for a long time machine in combat missions. Filter system (HLF) is designed to provide work crew without masks in the criteria for high dust, radioactive, chemical and biological areas of infection, and the air conditioner — at ambient temperatures up to 65 degrees. In totality with the water heater, heater meals and composting toilets that will allow the crew to be in the car in isolation from the outside world for 3 days.

Demining BIS need to set complex trawling equipment. This trawl KMT-7 (KMT-8), comprising coupling ahead of the car, two frame sections with Katkov and cutters on the outer sides, two knife sections with tape pirosignalami (PS) at the stern of the machine (to mark the beginning, middle and end of the passage ), electrical console for sweeping anti-tank mines with proximity fuses, trawling device protivodnischevyh min and jammer.

In the stowed position rollers to the section will be located on the loading platform for the conning tower with the help of regular boom crane lifting capacity of 2.5 tons. Translate BIS fighting (stowed) position without the crew must verbovaniya truck crane.

BTM

Designed for single-span iron bridge guidance carrying capacity of 50 tons over obstacles up to a width of 18 meters. His place — in combat formations of the second echelon tank battalion in either the first tier tank brigade. Construction of the bridge crew carried the machine without getting out of it.

BTM to do sealed and implement systems fording (to go to a depth of 4.5 meters), anti-nuclear (ESD) from the radiation detection device, automatic fire. HLF will allow the machine to work on areas contaminated with toxic and radioactive substances, and the crew will be in BTM without protection.

Need to anticipate the possibility of laying the second bridge structure as a continuation of the first, with all this, both lumen for binding between themselves (the end of the first lumen is placed on the bottom of the obstacles or perineal support means are at hand). Then turn obstacles block width of 30-35 meters. To do this, BTM will advance to the barrier, with hydraulically uperet outrigger (outrigger) in the ground, lay the end of the bridge and put it into an obstacle. Then the base machine as a test load overcomes the bridge. On it must follow as personnel on foot, and all types of wheeled and tracked vehicles with total weight up to 50 tons. Remove obstacles to bridge the machine will return to the initial or the shore.

CBT

Her task — to defeat enemy personnel in open terrain and structures, light armored vehicles and are in the process of concrete support mechanized infantry and tank units in the offensive and defensive combat. Main weapon — missiles with thermobaric warheads, and other incendiary act. Located in combat formations supported troops in the open and closed positions.

CBT are used in 2-purpose machines — Battle (BM) and transport and loading (TRV). BM serves to accommodate 30 unguided missiles (NURS) 220 mm caliber and shooting them. Database — spinning launcher (PU) with the swinging part of a set of 30 guiding tube with power servo drives and fire control system. Guidance swinging part PU goal in horizontal and vertical planes is power servo drives with the introduction of a laser rangefinder and ballistic computer. Depending on the situation the fire is delivered by single or paired shots from 2-trunks, as a volley with the launch of all NURS 30 in less than 15 seconds. BM has no snorkeling equipment.

Thermobaric warhead or incendiary act occupies a huge part of rockets. Depending on the modification of their firing range is 400-3500 meters. Upgraded NURS hits the target at a distance up to 6000 meters.

TPM is designed to transport Nursi, loading and unloading and PU is a set of loading and unloading devices, placed on crawler tracks, similar chassis BM.

Story about cars with bow seating MTO will continue in the next article.


Alexander Basharov independent columnist

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