The latest Russian gas turbine GT1-001 set a new world record, witnessed by guests and participants held in suburban Sherbinka Third International Rail Salon "Expo-1520".
On the range of the Experimental ring VNIIZhT he drove 170 gondola cars, weighing 16 tons. It’s almost a thousand tons more than the previous record, which was also set by the locomotive.
Passage of such a long composition which, in addition, have followed virtually silent, the audience applauded. The driver, who was entrusted to carry out such a serious flight, welcomed the audience lingering locomotive whistles.
The railroad is not without pride reminded that gas turbine has managed to get into the Guinness Book of Records Russia, because of its ability to carry heavy trains. His first test locomotive was held in July 2009 at the Kuibyshev Railway, where he spent part of weighing 3 tons. In December of the same year gas turbine brought to Moscow train weighing over 10 tonnes.
Gas turbine is capable of speeds up to 100 km per hour and is designed for non-electrified railways. He works on liquefied natural gas (LNG). One will run for 750 km, and the total capacity of 8 thousand 300 kW. Advantages of the use of liquefied natural gas prior to the compressed gas — much smaller volume occupied by the fuel on board a smaller degree of hazard and higher calorific value than that of propane-butane mixtures. The remarkable fact is the fact that the gas turbine GT-01 is the most environmentally friendly of all locomotives using hydrocarbon fuels: it is blocked by a large margin, a European regulation which will apply only to locomotives in 2012.
GT1 Development began in December 2006 after the signing of an agreement between the Railways and the Samara Scientific-Technical Complex named after ND Kuznetsov, which experts created by the time the current gas turbine engine NK-361 and the power block section of the locomotive traction.
The developer of the project has become the locomotive All-Russian Research and Design Institute of Technology (VNIKTI) (Kolomna), generator machine designed to Lysvensky electrical plant.
In 2007, pre-production on the basis of gas turbine electric locomotive VL15-008. The assembly of the locomotive diesel locomotive carried out at the Voronezh plant.
July 4, 2008 GT1-001 for the first time held a freight train. Mass composition was 3 tons, and the tests were held at the site, "Kinel-Zhigulevskoye Sea" Kuibyshev Railway.
December 22, 2008 — GT1-001 gas turbine for the first time held a freight train weighing 10,000 tonnes (116 cars).
January 23, 2009 — GT1-001 gas turbine for the first time held a freight train weighing 15,000 tonnes (159 cars).
October 12, 2009 — JSC "Russian Railways" received a Diploma of Guinness World Records for creating the world’s most powerful mainline gas turbine locomotive running on compressed natural gas.
It is planned that the first gas turbine will be operated in Siberia, where there are large reserves of natural gas.
The development of the Russian analogue of the locomotive are conducted in Europe, but there is the appearance of such a locomotive is expected only in 2012.