Growth and recovery in industrial production and regional economies 2010-2011


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Growth and recovery in industrial production and regional economies takes place in 2010-2011, uneven, and even in different directions. A high index of industrial production (IIP) — the base of economic activity — are the regions in which either a stable growing economy, or has undergone profound failures of industrial production in the crisis year of 2009.

According to IPI in 2010 the leaders of the ranking very high growth that is well above its fall in 2009: Kaluga region. — 144.8% (in 2009 — 94.7), Kaliningrad region. — 131.2 (95.3); Mordovia — 123.7 (101.8), Buryatia — 122.9 (99.3); Khabarovsk kr. — 121.2 (93.2), Altai cr. — 120.9 (92.0); Bryansk region. — 120.9 (76.6), Orel. — 120.5 (76.2), Vladimir region. — 118.5 (84.4); Perm cr. — 118.2 (85.5); Seashore CD. — 117.7 (97.3); Yakutia — 117.5 (86.2); Pskov region. — 117.4 (89.6); Ulyanovsk region. — 117.3 (75.2); Astrakhan region. — 117.0 (93.4); Sverdlovsk region. — 116.9 (81.1); Kalmykia — 116.9 (97.4); Irkutsk region. — 116.8 (96.1); Mari El — 116.3 (94.6); Rostov region. — 115.9 (84.5%). On average in Russia — 108.2 (90.7%).

Kaluga and Kaliningrad regions, Mordovia deservedly occupy the top places in the ranking for PPI in 2010. With an average PPI for Russia for the last ten years — 104.1%, for them, this index is much higher: 113.6, 117.8 and 112.7%, respectively. High growth rates of STIs for the period 2001-2010. on the leading contribution to the GDP of the Leningrad region. — 111.1% of the Moscow region. — 109.7; Rostov region. — 109.2; Omsk region. — 108.2; Vladimir region. — 108.1, St. Petersburg — 107.2; Moscow — 107.0%.

In the first half of 2011, the leaders of industrial growth — Kaluga (129.5%) and the Kaliningrad region (125.2%) maintained their position and high growth, followed Seaside cr. — 122.8%, Khakassia — 119.9; Chuvashia — 117.5; Kamchatka cr. — 117.3; Amur and Astrakhan region. — 117.2; Penza. — 116.9, St. Petersburg and Tver. — 116.7, the average for Russia — 105.3%.

Moscow in 2010 at the 71 th position on the PPI — 101.5% (93.7% — in 2009), St. Petersburg on the 47th place — 108.9% (83.4%). In the first half of 2011 in Moscow 23rd place, STI — 112.7%, St. Petersburg — 10th, 116.7%.

Given the growth of PPIs in the first half of 2011, the regions of the top twenty, which had a deep dip in 2009, more than recouping the losses of the crisis. Orel. — 113.4%, Pskov region. — 113.0; Rostov region. — 112.4; Sverdlovsk region. — 110.1; Ulyanovsk region. — 109.9%.

Reduce the same average PPI Russia (in the 1st half of 2011 — 105.3%) of the major industrialized regions: Volgograd region. — 103.5%, Lipetsk region. — 103; Tomsk region. — 102.2; Sakhalin region. — 101.9; Voronezh region. — 100.9; Orenburg region. — 100.4; Kemerovo region. — 100.3; Krasnoyarsk region — 99.4; Tyumen region. — 99.4; Smolensk. — 95.9; Arkhangelsk region. — 83.2%.

Advances leaders of growth and development of industry Kaluga and Kaliningrad regions associated with the diversification and modernization of their industry and the economy, in particular — with an increase in production of cars, televisions and other electronic products competitive.

By manufacturing products shipped per capita in the first half of 2011 — the leading type of industry with high added value and high technology (if used) — is the leader of St. Petersburg — 174.6 thousand rubles. in 2010. It is followed by the Vologda region. — 158.0; Kaluga region. — 147.1; Lipetsk region. — 141.6; Perm — 129.9; Kaliningrad region. — 128.3; Chelyabinsk region. — 123.7; Omsk and Nizhny Novgorod region. — 120.3; Sverdlovsk region. — 112.3. And in this ranking among the leaders — Kaluga, Kaliningrad, Sverdlovsk and Perm region. Moscow — at the 22 th place (81,2 thous.). On average in Russia — 70 rubles.

The core capital (OC) industry in 2010 was invested 39.2% of all investments in the Russian Federation OK.

In the manufacturing industry has invested 14.2% of all investment in OK (growth — 109.0%). Of these, 3% — in the steel industry, the food industry — 2% in the chemical industry — 1.3%, in the manufacture of vehicles and equipment — 1.2%, in the manufacture of machinery and equipment (excluding the production of arms and ammunition) — 0 , 7%, in the manufacture of electrical and optical equipment — 0.4%. Still dominated by investment in environmentally "dirty" industries — in metallurgy, chemical industry. And low investment in high-tech manufacturing.

In the development of the mining operations were invested 15.1% (growth — 116, 8%).

Investment in the production and distribution of electricity, gas and water were 9.9% (growth — 124.1%).

Average for 10 years PPI twenty largest economies by the subjects of the Russian Federation on the graph (its contribution to the GDP of the Russian Federation — 60%). The highest PPI has steadily developing megacities and the areas around them: St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region., Moscow and Moscow region., Rostov and Novosibirsk regions. Besides these cities is relatively high fiscal capacity. Megacities are themselves evolving and pull behind a field.

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