Russia is one of the world’s major centers of innovation. This was confirmed by the creators of the Summit participants Skolkovo innovation economy, which was attended by top managers in the field from around the world
April 19 at the Moscow Summit was held at the creators of innovative economy. Perhaps the title of the event seem to someone too pompous, but, given the composition of the participants, it is more than appropriate. The summit was held at the Moscow School of Management in the immediate vicinity of the construction site and assembled Skolkovo innovation city managers to successfully implement a similar scale projects in their countries.
Summit was preceded by making a list of the top 30 managers from 21 countries, thanks to which in many respects, a global infrastructure to support innovation (this is the world’s top 30 was the result of a study conducted by the rating agency "Expert RA" on the initiative of "Skolkovo"). Twelve defendants in this list were made at the summit.
As a rule, the phrase "innovation manager" is associated with the names of the great entrepreneurs like William Hewlett, Robert Noyce, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates, and before them — William Boeing or Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler. However, their success stories are unique. Drafters of the same list were interested in those who have managed to create that "broth" in which future technological geniuses of business could realize themselves, and through which innovative business has become massive, even in those countries where, it would seem, for that initially there were no conditions. The names of these people — the outstanding managers and officials, the most successful in creating a favorable environment for innovation in the different countries of the world — not too well known to the general public. However, they have created an environment in which he grew up innovative business volume of more than $ 2.5 trillion annual implementation, including Intel, Nokia, DuPont, and innovation of technologies such as Bluetooth, cloud computing or memory chip EPROM. These same people are consultants and experts majority governments of developed and major developing countries, eventually serving as architects of innovation policy in its global dimension.
Criteria for inclusion in this list is the guru of innovation management (see table) are simple: the citation in the world’s leading business and academic journals, assessments of leading experts and journalists, the demand of the candidate today (participation in important public and corporate advisory bodies for the development of innovation infrastructure), the presence own scientific and business experience, as well as prizes and awards.
Much attention was paid to the formation of the list, and so the contribution to the transformation of the economy of the region or even the whole country have helpers. For instance, Tony Thane and Philip Yofrom the ground created an innovative infrastructure of Singapore and diversified economy, which is now headed by world rankings innovation. Another case in point — which came to the early 1980s, the decline in the industrial province of Skåne in southern Sweden, where, thanks to the efforts of Sven-Torah The Hill, created in the region truly effective infrastructure to support innovative enterprises, managed to cope with the economic crisis and change the face of the local economy.
|Persona||Where implemented projects||Basic services|
|Paulo Arruda||Brazil||Project Coordinator of the Center of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering in UNICAMP (University and Research Center, Campinas)|
|Van’yan Yuan||China||Architect policy of China in the field of microelectronics|
|Joseph Vardi||Israel||The largest venture investor in Israel, one of the architects of the country’s innovation policy|
|Peter Dobson||United Kingdom||Founder and director of Begbrukskogo Science Park, Oxford University, and an expert advisor in the field of nanotechnology Research Council of Great Britain|
|Kazuo Inamori||Japan||Founder of the company Kyocera, Kansai Cellular Telephone Co., KDDI Corporation and a number of venture capital firms|
|Yo Philip||Singapore||The coordinator of public policy of Singapore’s innovative development, the chairman of the board of directors SPRING, standards board, productivity and innovation|
|John Kao||United States, Finland, Singapore, Ireland, United Arab Emirates||The international consultant companies BASF, Nike, Intel, Nissan, PricewaterhouseCoopers and others, as well as the Governments of Finland, Singapore, Ireland, UAE, USA|
|Kacey Mervi||Finland, Poland, Cyprus, New Zealand, Russia||Partner, Managing Director and Principal Consultant InnoPraxis International Ltd. Creator Technopark Otaniemi, Helsinki. Coordinated and reorganized the park "Innopoli." Previously held management positions in the company Technopolis PLC|
|Meng Mei||China||Founder of the industrial park, Tsinghua University TusPark, chairman of the management company Technopark TusPark Co. Ltd. Permanent member of the Board of China Association of technology parks in universities|
|William Miller||United States, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Japan||Professor at Stanford University, one of the gurus of Silicon Valley, an international consultant in the field of innovation policy of the governments of South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia and Japan, co-founder of Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network|
|Murthy Nagavara||India||One of the founding fathers of the IT cluster in Bangalore, the founder of an IT company Infosys (Bangalore)|
|Shiv Nadar||India||The founder of the IT industry in India, the founder of the University of Madras and the first Indian IT company Hindustan Computers Limited|
|Nandan Nilekani||India||The head of advisory group to the Government of India for technological projects. One of the founders of the IT company Infosys (Bangalore) and the National Association of Indian companies in the services and software|
|Oh Se-jeong||South Korea||Chairman of the National Research Foundation of Korea, chairman of the Korean-American Center for Scientific Cooperation, Advisor to the Government of Korea’s science and technology policy|
|Pastor Gilbert||France||Vice-President for Economic Affairs and Innovation Innovation Cluster Agglomeration of Montpellier, whose Center for Business and Innovation has repeatedly voted the best in France and in the world of technology business incubator|
|Carlota Perez||Venezuela, China, Brazil, the Netherlands, Spain||International consultant on innovation policy in several high-tech corporations and governments of China, Brazil, the Netherlands, Spain, the EU and the UN, OECD, World Bank|
|Fernando de Castro Reinach||Brazil||One of the founders of the biotechnology industry in Brazil, the famous explorer (genetics and biotechnology) and entrepreneur|
|Masayoshi Son||Japan||The largest venture investor in Internet
projects, founder and director of venture capital firm SoftBank Corp.
|Tony Tan||Singapore||The seventh President of Singapore. Ex-chairman of the National Research Foundation of Singapore, the former deputy chairman of the Council for Research, Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Project initiator of innovative business park One North|
|Anthony Tan||Hong Kong||The Executive Director of the Corporation’s research and technology parks in Hong Kong, Consultant DuPont investment in the creation of new materials, biomedicine, chemical and agrochemical products. More than 30 years creating high-tech structure in Asia Pacific for DuPont|
|Julian Webb||Australia, New Zealand, China||About 30 years experience in the development of small businesses and business incubators. Advisor on Innovation in Australia and other countries and non-governmental agencies, private companies and international organizations. Founder and Vice Chairman of the Association of Australian incubators|
|Dov Frohman||Israel||One of the founders of Intel and the Israeli high-tech|
|Hwang Jang-Ki||South Korea||Director General of the Department of Strategic R & D Planning at the Ministry of Knowledge Economy of the Republic of Korea, Samsung Consultant|
|John Hennessy||USA||Rector of Stanford University, a member of the executive and the head of world renowned high-tech corporations (Google Inc., Etc.)|
|Sven-Thore Holm||Sweden, Russia, China||Director General Lundavision AB, member of the working group to establish an innovation center "Skolkovo", the founder of the Ideon Research Park in Lund (Sweden), where since 1984, combine to create more than 10 thousand jobs|
|Pertti Huuskonen||Finland, Poland, Cyprus, New Zealand, Russia||One of the ideologists of innovation policy in Finland and the country’s first industrial parks. One of the founders and chairman of the board of directors of the company Technopolis PLC. Nokia’s chief scientist|
|Russell Hancock||United States, China, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Spain||One of the founders, chairman and executive director of the analytical center of Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network, an international consultant on regional development|
|Herbert Chen||China||Vice-president of Tsinghua University Science Park TusPark, director of the Beijing division of the International Association of Science Parks (IASP)|
|Shi Chintan||Taiwan||Was at the forefront of technological development in Taiwan. Counsellor for Science and Technology of the Government of Taiwan. More than 30 years of experience in the field of R & D. 9 years headed the Industrial Technology Research Institute of Taiwan|
|Yigal Erlich||Israel||Founder and Managing Partner Yozma Group, the founder of venture business in Israel|
Squeeze out the best
In innovation policy of the Russian state in the first phase of the project innovation center "Skolkovo" lack of critics in the country, however, as shown by the summit, the world’s leading experts in the field of creation of favorable environment for the innovation economy is Russia see one of the premier centers for the development of infrastructure to support innovation in the foreseeable future. The fact that over a third of the list of defendants found a way to come to Moscow for the summit, speaks for itself: a meeting in Skolkovo proved to be extremely personable, the more so to get these people together is often more difficult than to organize a meeting of heads of government of their countries.
Most of the speakers at the summit of experts agree that the Skolkovo can not be in the forehead compared to similar large-scale projects to create innovative infrastructure, implemented over the past thirty years. And the dissimilarity of the Russian project is not only to the level of the stated ambitions, and investment or the specifics of the national innovation system. Unique time in which it is implemented.
The peak of global fashion at creating innovation centers have come to naught. Today, the volume of public investment in the development of existing and creation of new centers of support for business innovation compared to the 1990s — early 2000s markedly decreased. We can say that these huge, on a global scale, the investment has been spent working on the creation of support tools and management technologies that significantly increase the chances of innovative projects in the ultimate success and enhance coordination between the various elements of national innovation systems.
- World Innovation elite gathered in Skolkovo expert_801_041.jpg
World Innovation elite gathered in Skolkovo
Study and analysis of this experience was devoted to large-scale study conducted by the rating agency "Expert RA" on the eve of the summit, "Guide to the creation and development of innovation centers (technology and laws)," where identified and described in detail management know-how that distinguish successful innovative projects centers of failures. The survey covered more than 50 major innovation centers around the world. Including conducted 12 detailed exit surveys that included in-depth interviews with persons involved in the list of world’s top 30, so that detailed case studies were compiled with the analysis applied in these centers of innovation management practices and know-how. Have been affected by the five basic areas of innovation management: business incubation, attracting funding innovative projects, the development of horizontal linkages between innovation systems, the creation of Technopark infrastructure; branding and PR Innovation Center, the organization managing the innovation center.
However, to realize their initial advantages, the Russian innovative project as a whole needs to address several pitfalls, because of which even backed up by knowledge of best international practice efforts may come to nothing. Arriving in Moscow participants’ list of thirty "named four possible obstacles to the successful implementation of projects for the creation of innovative infrastructure in our country.
The first obstacle — the lack of a major motivation for the development of new innovative projects and increased innovation activity of an existing business. A large number of alternative investment opportunities and relatively "well-fed" life will inevitably reduce the motivation to search for innovative solutions. The second — far from ideal business climate and the lack of a culture of innovative entrepreneurship in our country. In particular, John Kaostressed the need to change attitudes in the business environment and society tech start-ups to failure. Third — parochialism. As the vice president for economic development Montpellier Agglomeration Gilbert Pastor, The recipe for the innovation centers dedicated exclusively to regional or national markets and solve local problems could be useful twenty-five years ago, but today they do not work. Who claims to be a success Innovation Center should focus on the global market and to be integrated in the global knowledge economy of the foundation.
Finally (and this is the fourth obstacle), the summit participants unanimously recommended the creators of the innovative center "Skolkovo", as well as responsible f
or the innovative development of Russian officials, do not get too carried away planning and attempts to create a workable innovation system is in manual mode. "According to my experience, everything happens in Russia, planned and developed from the top down. I mean not only the state, but also large companies. Government intervention should be comprehensive, it should not be too much, "- said one of the founders of modern innovation system of Israel, founder and managing partner of Yozma Yigal Ehrlich.
The tasks and daily activities created by the state of infrastructure to support innovation should not be determined by officials devised plans and programs, and the pressing needs of specific companies, as high-tech as well as relating to "traditional" industries, but want the expense of innovation to improve their competitiveness — this idea has developed partner, managing director and chief consultant for InnoPraxis International Ltd., creator of the technopark Otaniemi (Finland) Mervi Kacey. Construction of the innovation infrastructure necessary to begin with a study of the real needs of both existing in the country of innovating companies and projects that are just going to enter the market.