After three years in Russia will open the first part of the new federal toll road on the route Moscow — St. Petersburg. The entire track length of 669 kilometers will run parallel to the Leningrad highway. The main plot builds a Franco-Russian company. Avto.Vesti.Ru studied the technology of laying road pie.
During the construction of the most important section of the new route took specially created for this purpose in 2007, "North-West Concession Company." But such a complicated name actually combines the construction of the French group Vinci and a group of Russian investors, each party holds a 50% stake in the NWCC. This tandem hire workers, purchase materials and build the road at the most interesting section, from 15 to 58 km. According to the builders, technology, and quality control are very different from the usual Russian realities.
The idea for this project came back in the 70th years of XX century. The main goal — the development of economic cooperation between the two Russian capitals, accelerating the development of Sheremetyevo Airport, as well as facilitating traffic to Leningradke (M-10). The Russian government has launched this project in a new form for the country — public-private partnerships. This is the first toll road in Russia, which is built on the principles of PPP. What will come of this is not clear yet. One thing is clear — the company-builder embedded in the road and then receives dividends from it for 30 years, paying off the creditors. The state receives income taxes in the form of tolls.
Here is the complete map of the new toll highway M-11 (Moscow — Saint-Petersburg). Its length is 669 kilometers.
It is no secret that Leningradka, especially in the area from Moscow Sheremetyevo Airport — one of the most complex and busiest routes. According to the Russian SNIP, the capacity of the four-lane road is 40,000 vehicles per day. But on some days at the above 12-kilometer stretch of traffic up to 135,000 vehicles per day. And the share of freight transport in the traffic on I-10 in recent years has increased by 40%, which, of course, have a negative impact on the quality of the coating. Last year’s traffic jams due to repair the overpass at the entrance to the rotation of the airport Sheremetyevo demonstrated the failure of the radar track. Today the toll section of the Ring Road to the Airport at rush hour may take the driver’s two to three hours. The new route promises to motorists overcoming this way for 20 minutes.
The route will include five bridges, seven interchanges and 32 large and small overpasses.
Separately, representatives of SZKK expressed on speed of the new track. The legislation is the highest permissible speed in Russia on federal roads — 110 km / h M-11 is designed to enable movement at a speed of 150 km / h At the moment the builders are in dialogue with the Russian authorities to set the speed of traffic on the new highway, at least 130 km / h, similar to the European motorways.
Thus, the construction of a new toll road is already underway. Despite the scandals related to the deforestation of the Khimki forest, the work began and builders still insist that the road be able to finish on time. Throughout the route will stand tall fence to avoid going out into the street animals and humans. Go to the other side of the road can be seen only on special overpasses.
Financing of the project is involved in both the State and the private company, but the share of the latter has a lot more expenses. Namely, the Russian government has allocated to the road from the Investment Fund of about 23 billion rubles. More than 8 billion came from equity is 29.2 billion rubles — Proceeds from borrowings (bank line of credit of Sberbank and Vnesheconombank), and another 10 billion rubles — long-term project bonds.
At this point just begins the territory of the notorious Khimki forest. On the sidelines often discuss what it is and not a forest at all, and Forest Park. Mentioned and chemical companies that are based there and has long been marred ecology of the forest zone.
Preparatory work for the construction of the road by the State. This processing route and site preparation. "We cut down trees and preparing land state. SZKK comes in cleared clearing and construction is only concerned with "- explains the general manager Pierre-Yves SZKK stage. Therefore, all questions regarding the controversial Khimki forest solved at the level of the government, and on the builders it can only respond to missed deadlines and multi-million dollar losses.
But more or less agreement with environmentalists state yet been achieved, despite the fact that in some places still erupting wave of discontent. The authorities have promised to plant on the site of 100 hectares of forest cut down 500 acres of rare trees. RPN will do it. When it does happen, and whether it is not known until all on the level of conversation. By timing the landing until the information is available. But the promise was made, and the builders are ready, if need be, to take part in the beautification of the area of the forest.
Now the construction of the road is limited only by the preparation of the subgrade, namely land and groove creation of embankments, as the asphalt in cold weather conditions can not be put. But for the first four kilometers of land had put a layer of asphalt. Technology laying road pie route different European schemes. First comes the subgrade (minimum 80 cm) — Digging out of the mound is moved in order to achieve the optimum moisture content. Then there is a layer of sand for drainage, followed by a layer of crushed stone, followed by three layers of asphalt — basic, intermediate, and the coating itself. A layer of crushed stone and sand mixture is 40 cm The first two asphalt layers have a thickness of 15 and 10 cm, are more large rubble. A top layer of type A with the addition of polymer has a thickness of 5 cm
This is the first layer of asphalt — base. On top of it will form two more intermediate and the coating itself. The base layer in larger gravel.
"Official warranty period of this road — 18 years, in fact with such technologies should stand all the way to 30 years. The top layer — a layer of appearance rut and wear the thorns that will be repaired to the extent of damage. During the construction we have decided to abandon the
concrete, since the laying of asphalt concrete cracks. We went on the European footsteps apply rubble-sand mixture. The materials we buy from Russian suppliers. When it comes to low-quality raw materials, send back for a replacement. We have our own expertise, all incoming materials we check, "- said the head of road construction route Leonid Tsvetkov.
Check the quality of the road surface is carried out as many as five companies, two of which are state-owned ("Highways" and Rostekhnadzor). In the air the question of corruption component of the project, given the considerable number of "inspection" of officials, each of whom in spite of the perfect condition of the coating quality of the road on the old Russian tradition, may not like the look. Delays in construction — a bribe, the new examination and verification — a bribe. But the management of NWCC does not share my doubts.
"The corruption component is very small, since the quality of asphalt to the officials checked first general contractor company" Mostotrest "then our experts, as well as an independent technical expert AECOM from the UK. And in case of any defects, incur losses and we will pay the fines — SZKK. Therefore, our interest as obvious, "- explained Mr. Estrada. But no one disputes the fact that the French will try to do well. Seems to me that foreign builders simply are not familiar with domestic schemes "work" in the road sector. Time will tell, but I want to be optimistic and believe that it is this way will be made as necessary and when it is necessary.
Cutting trees and cleaning the area for construction workers engaged in the state. SZKK comes already ready to work clearing.
Assess the extent of the route is now difficult. While the future highway is carved and lined forest clearing in some places already covered with snow and covered with icing. In some places, of course, is in full swing erection of towers and bridges, this work does not interfere with the cold. But, as already mentioned, the main work in the winter break because of cold weather.
One of the most interesting projects that will be included in a section of the highway for 15-58 km will be reconstructed Businovskaya interchange at the intersection of the Moscow Ring Road and a new bridge across the Moscow Canal. Construction work on the first phase will be carried out within three years. Given the fact that the opening of 15-58 km section of the route is planned for the second half of 2014, work should begin in the very near future (all the way to St. Petersburg will be opened in 2018). The situation is complicated by the fact that the isolation of the already loaded. "The movement will not stop. But the temporary difficulties certainly arise. We have the experience of building in such difficult conditions,’m just going analysis of the transport status of the territory ", — explained the general manager of the NWCC.
Will look like this new interchange at the intersection of M-11 Ring Road. Exits the ring will be two, in the same place and build fare.
As for the new bridge, the work on its construction will begin in February 2012. Now, builders are preparing the first part of the bridge — the longitudinal sliding of which will be after the move to the water. Its size 330h50 meters, it includes 36 piles on each support. When work on the installation of the bridge will begin Avto.Vesti.Ru necessarily illuminate the event in more detail. Overall, the plot of M-11, which is engaged in the construction SZKK will be built five bridges and interchanges 7 (including Businovskaya, with the International Highway from Sheremetyevo highway and with a large concrete ring).
The number of lanes of the highway will change. The section from Moscow to Sheremetyevo-1 will be 10 bands, five on each side. Smaller bands are planning to do only in the area of Zelenograd to abut the M-10 by 58 kilometer (four on each side). Width of the lane — 3.75 meters. The number of man-made structures on the property with the 15-58 km will be 41 a piece, there is composed of five bridges, 32 overpasses, 5 passes for animals and 11 overpasses to connect disparate areas.
In addition, when this part of the road is operational, it will appear on the payment of nine points, five playgrounds and a few gas stations (the exact number is unknown). At this point the installed cost of travel on M-11 is 3.62 rubles per kilometer. That is the overcoming of the site from Moscow to Sheremetyevo will cost 65.16 rubles. Nothing at all, given the cost of time spent in traffic jams on Leningradke.
But in the framework of the road to St. Petersburg, the amount obtained very uninteresting — 2 421.78 rubles (669 kilometers multiply by 3.62 rubles per 1 km). The money is equal to the price of the "Peregrine Falcon" at one end, which takes place this distance in three hours. The final cost has not been approved, but if it will remain as it is not the fact that the Leningrad highway will be able to unload even from entering the vehicle. However, there is a chance that gosudrastvennyh areas fare will be lower — 1 ruble per kilometer. Therefore, the final figure is the cost of travel to St. Petersburg may be less.
Avto.Vesti.Ru continue to closely monitor the construction of the M-11.