NGO «Human rights watch» A report on the situation of human rights in the EU, which can not be called truly objective. Primarily due to the fact that in the published report of the problems of existing violations in this area are indicated too superficial.
In general ascertained "the difficulties in ensuring the EU priority of human rights in the context of the financial crisis," nasty blow to the "marginalized and neglected" groups — migrants, nomads and Asylum Seekers (by the way, the total number of these groups in 2012 has grown in the EU 73%).
It is emphasized that, given the deterioration of the situation of human rights in Hungary and a number of other Member States in 2012 evroinstituty not generally coped with the task of ensuring the provisions "of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights." The reluctance of the European Council to prosecute violations of allowing member states.
With regard to the policy of the EU in the field of asylum indicate the remaining gaps in the supranational regulation, as well as the poor conditions in centers for irregular migrants.
Mentioned launched in June 2012 by the Ministers of Internal Affairs of the initiative on the possible restoration of border controls within the Schengen area. Human rights activists fear that proposed in this regard, sample testing can be carried out at border posts on the basis of nationality. Countries — recipients of migrants (Germany, Italy, Netherlands, France) may seek to protect itself from the influx of unemployed people from the poorer Member States.
Criticized attempts of Germany and France on the agenda of the EU the issue of restoration of visa restrictions with regard to the Balkan countries, including Albania, Serbia and Macedonia. Highlights the lack of a coordinated EU approach to migration crisis caused by the conflict in Syria. In 2012, the level of the rights of refugees from that country has been uneven in the different Member States.
Have addressed the deaths of migrants in the Mediterranean from the Middle East and North Africa. Despite an overall decline in their stream by November 2012 had been more than 300 such cases. Referred to the PACE report, which lists the "omission" of EU member states, Libya and NATO that resulted in the April 2012 death of 63 refugees to follow the sea.
Broad strokes, an existing problem of xenophobia in the EU and national origin discrimination, which worsened in the past year due to the economic decline and falling living standards of the population.
Mapped thesis on the growth of intolerance in the member states, mostly in the Muslim population and nomads.
Provides conclusions EU Agency for Fundamental Rights of the plight of the Roma in the European Union (66% of whom are unemployed, 75% have no basic schooling). Mentioned negative assessment developed by the European Commission in May 2012. Member States’ national strategies for the social integration of Roma. They, in particular, gaps remain in relation to their right to affordable housing and health care.
It is stated that only 14 Member States have signed the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence in 2011 on the ratification of the treaty by anyone at any of the EU countries until the speech did not go.
It is noteworthy that in addition to the above problems the report «Human rights watch» provides information and the efforts that the EU is taking to address them. It is indicated that the EU institutions are not idle and are actively trying to address their humanitarian tasks.
Mentioned adopted in May 2012 by the EU Council "Strategy to reduce the burden of migration", which takes into account the risks of humanitarian disasters in the Mediterranean borders of the European Union. In a positive way to introduce reported in September 2012 on the staff of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the EU (Frontex) positions own ombudsman (though the report «Human rights watch» expressly states that the time of printing the proceedings initiated by the Ombudsman EU Frontex about possible non-compliance of fundamental rights and freedoms still pending).
Notes with satisfaction the amendments to the regulations of the European Council of 18 February 2003 "On the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application" (so-called "Dublin II»), they prohibit the expulsion of migrant workers in the State of origin if there are at risk of inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.
Emphasizes progress in safeguarding the legitimate interests of migrant children, aided by the European Commission developed a "plan of action for unaccompanied minors."
On the subject of investigation of abuses in the EU anti-terrorism measures and its participation in the program to place on the territory of Member States’ so-called "Secret prisons" highlights the efforts of the relevant European Parliament. In particular, the acceptance, in September 2012 a resolution calling on Member States to promptly disclose information on the presence in its territory of aircraft CIA.
Meanwhile, the field of view of the authors of the report have dropped such systemic flaws in the EU in the humanitarian sphere, as difficulties in the performance "of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights", which, contrary to sound logic, addressed to EU institutions, not citizens, and the lack of centralized supranational oversight the implementation by Member States of their human rights obligations.
Report left out of the equation mismatch current challenges of the European Commission office. For example, her helplessness on mass violations of rights of the Russian minority in the Baltic states and the growth of the manifestations of neo-Nazi and far-right extremism in Latvia and Estonia. Their decision was left "at the mercy" of national governments.
Ignored sluggish policy evroinstitutov in part to counter the rise of hate crimes and anti-Semitism. Go around the topic is not enough constructive position of the EU to accede to the ECHR. In this regard it appropriate international legal obligation (fixed, by the way, in the Treaty of Lisbon) for the fourth year remains unfulfilled.
The study «Human rights watch» once again showed that objective and impartial evaluation of its difficult to call. The European Union — an important ally of the NGOs in the promotion of neo-liberal values. Spoil the reputation of its corresponding human rights activists are not interested.