For years, inflamed the minds of worried man in the street hypothetical military conflict between the two powers Russia and the United States. Submit a military conflict between these two states in its pure form is almost impossible. Can hardly be assumed that the military confrontation between the two countries will not embroiled neighboring states. Besides the United States, as a NATO member, may rely, if not on the full support of the alliance, at least on the support of its main European allies — Britain. But all the same just try to analyze what can oppose each other armies of the two countries.
The meaning of such a confrontation, its reality, and the possibility of a full-fledged military aggression against Russia with the introduction into its territory of the U.S. Army, we will leave out of the equation. Data for comparison is taken from public sources, access to which is at all interested. Much of the information about the exact number of troops and weapons is classified information, which, if published, it is often delayed, and hence the above values can either decrease, and in a big way.
Comparison of military capabilities between the two powers can start with the population of the two countries. The population of Russia on January 1, 2013 was 143,347,059 people, the population of the U.S. in December 2012 — 314,895,000 people. Actually have seen from these figures that in the event of a global war, the U.S. would be willing to put under the gun a lot more physically healthy and strong male citizens.
Potential Russian mobilization reserve is estimated at 31 million people, the U.S. — 56 million people (if we take into account all males from 17 to 49 years old — at least 109 million) It should be understood that even the United States will not be able to put under the gun so many people. For the content of the army did not have enough weapons, ammunition, food, clothing, and transportation logistics will turn into a living hell.
At the same time, in the war of attrition to make up their own losses the U.S. will be much more efficient and much more. At the same professional mobilization reserve in Russia simply does not exist. Currently working on his creation is only the beginning. The number of Russian armed forces has been brought up to 1 million people, of which there is a staff of about 70,000 people, and about 300,000 accounts for conscripts.
The U.S. Army is fully professional, its population is about 1.4 million people, with about 1.1-1.3 million people are nearest mobilization reserve or reserve. All of them have a valid contract with the Ministry of Defence, regularly involved in exercises and training, and, if necessary, may be called to the current service.
According to published in 2012, the military doctrine of "maintaining U.S. global leadership. Priorities for 21st Century Defense, "the U.S. military is ready to hold simultaneously only one full-scale war, restraining aggressive enemy action in other regions of the Earth. Previously it was assumed management of both 2-full-scale war. Accordingly, in the event of military aggression against Russia, the U.S. Army will be able to allocate for this purpose most of its armed forces.
Technical equipment of the Army
The main striking force of the Army are the tanks. The U.S. Army as of 2012 there were 1,963 tanks "Abrams" in the version of the M1A2 588 of them upgraded to version M1A2SEP. In addition, the U.S. military has still about 2,400 M1A1 tanks and about 2,385 M1 tanks for storage.
The Russian army is the most modern tank T-90. Only in the military, there are about 500 of these MBTs in versions of the T-90A and T-90AK. That is, in the most advanced tanks in the armies of the two countries, there is a certain parity. At the same time, the Russian army has about 4,500 T-80 tanks of various modifications, which are repaired (in 2010). Also in the troops and bases of storage is of the order of 12 500 T-72 tanks of various modifications.
Thus, even if at least one-third of these cars will be on the move, filled in the tank will be planted crews and loaded ammunition, their number exceeds the number of American tank fleet. Given that the United States will not be able to deploy against Russia all their tanks, numerical superiority is absolute. The total number of Russian tanks superior to the United States no less than 2.5 times.
Also, the U.S. Army has about 6.5 million BMP "Bradley", in turn, Russia has about 700 BMP-3, BMP-2 4500 and nearly 8,000 BMP-1. Park APCs in the Russian army is about 4900 units of the BTR-70 and BTR-82A. It is assumed that by 2020 all BTR-80 Russian Army will be upgraded to the level of the BTR-82A (AM). Also, Russian Navy has about 1,500 units of the BMD of all modifications and approximately 700 BTR-D. In the U.S. Army armored vehicles significantly more — about 16,000.
One of the main components of the success of ground operations is still a good artillery preparation. Currently, the U.S. Army has about 2000 ACS and another 1,500 towed guns. In the Russian army as of 2010 there were more than 6800 self-propelled guns and more than 7,500 towed guns. Of these, 4600 falls on 122-mm howitzer D-30, which will be retired before the end of 2013.
In addition, Russia has approximately 3,500 MLRS, while the U.S. Army such systems are only 830. Thus, on paper, the Russian army is superior to the U.S. in self-propelled artillery of 3.4 times, towed in 5 (1.9 after the cancellation of the D-30), a MRL of 4.2 times.
At the same time, directly by state crews and military bases in the Russian army has only about 2,500 tanks. Make sure it’s not difficult. In the Russian army only 4 separate tank brigade, armed with each of them in the states is 91-94 MBT. Also, there are about 30 separate infantry brigades (I counted only 27, but I could be wrong), each of which incorporates a tank battalion — 41 tanks. The remaining tanks are on the bases of storage and repair of military equipment (BHiRVT). The same situation can be mapped to the artillery.
In addition, the army of the two countries have a large number of helicopters. U.S. Army incorporates some 2,700 helicopters. Russian army has fewer helicopters — 1368 units (approximately 2-fold less).
Technical equipment of the Air Force
The U.S. Air Force is a formidable force, the number of combat aircraft, they took first place in the world. As part of the U.S. Air Force active units (in 2011) there are 144 strategic bombers (66 B-1, B-20, 2 and 58 B-52), 297 A-10 attack aircraft, fighter 1629 (471 — F-15, 968 — F -16, 179 — F-22, F-11, 35). It is worth noting that the U.S. is the only country in the world, which is in service with the fighter of the 5th generation, talking about the F-22 Raptor. In addition, as part of the Navy (in 2008) there were 867 fighter-attack aircraft F/A-18. Total combat aircraft, excluding available in reserve — 2,937 units.
It should be noted that the Air Force of Russia is secret, and therefore information given here may not be accurate. As part of the regular Russian Air Force has 80 strategic bombers (16 — Tu-160, 64 — Tu-95MS), 150 long-range bombers Tu-22M3, 241 the Su-25, 164 Sukhoi Su-24M and M2, 26 frontline bombers Su- 34.
As part of fighter aircraft has 953 cars (282 — MiG-29, 252 — MiG-31, 400 — Su-27, 9 — 30 and Su-10 — Su-35S). The overall composition of combat aviation aircraft is 1614 (approximately). Thus, in a co
mbat aircraft the enemy has approximately 2-fold superiority.
It should be noted that currently the Russian Air Force is actively modernizing and rearming. The number of modern aircraft they will grow, and will own plane 5th generation — PAK FA. In this case, according to his ability Su-35S practical nor in no way inferior to the planes of the 5th generation of the Russian Air Force plans to purchase at least 48 of these vehicles. Also on the 2012 half of the Su-27 has been upgraded to version Su-27SM3, and this is, in fact, another machine that is able to fight on equal terms to all aircraft of the 4th generation. Actively and modernized aircraft MiG-31 interceptor.
Besides that the Russian aviation has a trump card up his sleeve. Standing in the Russian Air Force guided missiles "air-to-air" have the longest range of these types of weapons. The R-37, which can be used by fighter-interceptor MiG-31BM and Su-27, Su-35 is capable of hitting targets at a distance of 300 km!
In addition to Russia are working on the KC-172 missile, which has a greater effective range — up to 400 km. And a new missile RVV-BD, while medium-range missile RVV-SD has a flight range of about 110 km. The most advanced all-weather guided American missiles AIM-120S7 and AIM-120D able to hit targets at a distance of 120 and 180 km. respectively.
Su-35, Su-27 and MiG-31BM, equipped with modern radars and missiles R-37 with a longer range run than any American missile allow these machines to significantly reduce the gap even before the latest U.S. fighter of the 5th generation F-22 Raptor, has low visibility. With fighters such as the F-15, F-16 and F/A-18 they can deal without any problems.
The main trump of Russia in a possible military conflict, in addition to the Air Force is not the weakest, is the country’s air defense system, which is able to make Russian the sky inaccessible to the air operations of any potential enemy. And without the support of aviation today can not maintain in the least successful military operations against strong enough ground forces of the enemy. Given that the U.S. Army will be forced to the initial phase of the campaign to keep fighting for the bridgehead and the further expansion of such operations without air superiority would be doomed to failure.
According to the report of the Australian think tank Air Power Australia, which was on the comparison of U.S. military aircraft and Russian air defense systems. In the case of a full-scale military conflict possibility of survival of the U.S. Air Force is almost completely eliminated due to the fact that the Russian air defense: radar systems and anti-aircraft missile systems achieved the highest level of development. Modern Russian air defense system S-400 "Triumph" have no analogues in the world and far superior American Patriot.
At the same time, and the backbone of the Russian air defense systems S-300 is still able to deal with any potential enemy. According to a number of European experts, the Russian air defense system able to destroy up to 80%, invaded its airspace by aircraft of any type. Russian specialists are modest and evaluate the number of 60-65%, but in any case the enemy aviation will suffer irreparable damage just from which it will not be able to recover.
For 2010, in the Russian defense had about 2100 PU-300 different types of S-400 battalions deployed 9 — 72 PU, only until 2020 to deploy 56 battalions, armed to the complex. In addition, the army has at least 22 short-range air defense complex — "Armour-C1."
That defense is the main asset of Russia and its "umbrella" that would protect the country against possible aggression. Under the protection of defense until 2020, Russia will be able to renew and his army, and air force, which added a new military equipment. After 2020, the probability of an armed conflict between the U.S. and Russia, which now seems very unlikely to fall to near zero.