Immunization Schedule

Immunization schedule.  Image source

Immunization Schedule — a list of mandatory vaccines, which indicates what kind of vaccine and at what age should be administered. At present, Russia has a Russian calendar vaccinations, approved by the order of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation № 229 of 27.06.2001, the

Immunization schedule includes vaccinations against the following diseases:

  • Hepatitis B — an infectious viral disease that affects the liver. Can take a chronic course with the formation of cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Tuberculosis — an infectious bacterial disease that most commonly affects the lungs.
  • Polio — an acute infectious viral disease, accompanied by the formation of irreversible paresis and paralysis.
  • Diphtheria — an acute infectious bacterial disease that affects the respiratory tract, heart, nervous system, kidneys, and other organs. Before applying the diphtheria vaccine disease in most cases with fatal outcome.
  • Whooping cough — an acute infectious bacterial disease, with paroxysmal cough.
  • Tetanus — an acute infectious bacterial disease characterized by lesions of the central nervous system. Causes the development of convulsions and asphyxiation (suffocation).
  • Measles — an acute viral disease manifested symptoms of intoxication (fever, etc), rashes and lesions of the mucous membranes of the nose, pharynx. Measles can result in severe complications.
  • German measles — a viral infection, which is characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes. Particular danger of rubella in the first half of pregnancy, as it can lead to miscarriage or severe malformation of the fetus.
  • Mumps (mumps) — an acute viral illness that affects the salivary glands, the nervous system. In boys, the testicles are often involved, leading to infertility.

Russian calendar vaccinations

When using inactivated vaccines for the creation of protective immunity not a single injection. Usually requires vaccination course consisting of2-3 injections, followed by a booster, that is an additional "fed" immunity.

  • The very first vaccination is carried out when the infant turns 12 hours.A child being vaccinated against hepatitis B.
  • C3on7day child vaccinated against tuberculosis vaccine called BCG ..
  • Once the child turns one month (30 days), a second vaccination against hepatitis B.
  • At three months the child should be vaccinated once against four diseases: diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio. But in fact, it will make only two doses (or even one — "Tetrakok"): the first — against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (eg DTP) and the second — against polio.
  • In the four and ahalf a month doing the same thing in three.
  • In six months the same as in the four and a half. In addition, the third vaccinated against hepatitis B.
  • When a child one year, it's time to get vaccinated against measles, rubella and mumps (mumps) (one vaccine).
  • Inone and a half years make booster pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, and polio vaccine is administered.
  • In the 20months— The next booster dose of polio.
  • The following vaccinations should be done only in 6years. The child is introduced another batch of vaccine against measles, rubella and mumps.
  • At 7years: The first revaccination against tuberculosis (BCG), the second booster dose of diphtheria and tetanus (DT).
  • In 13 years vaccinations are optional. If a child has not been made on time vaccination against hepatitis B, it's time to do it now. Vaccinated against rubella in 13 years doing just girls.
  • In the 14thyears— Another re-vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis.
  • Adults should be re-vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus every ten years after the last vaccination.

Immunization in the national calendar of vaccinations performed vaccines domestic and foreign production, registered and approved for use in the prescribed manner in accordance with the instructions for use.

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