In Bashkortostan, opened Biosphere Reserve Bashkirian Urals

He is on the western macro Southern Urals in the mountain forest zone of the country. It comprises five closely packed, protected areas of different chain of command. This is a state nature reserve "Shulgan-Tash" national park "Bashkortostan" natural park "Muradymovskoe gorge," natural zoological reserve "Altyn-Solok" and zoological reserve "ICSCA." Also there enter the land Kugarchinskogo, Meleuzovsk and Ishimbay areas, linking these areas together. The total area of the reserve is almost 346,000 hectares.
Certificate the inclusion of Biosphere Reserve "Bashkir Urals" in the world network of biosphere reserves was handed to President of the Republic of Bashkortostan Rustem Khamitov members of the delegation of the Russian Commission for UNESCO, which is headed by the executive secretary Gregory Ordzhonikidze visited Ufa.

On the territory of the Biosphere Reserve registered more than 1,600 plant organisms. Many endemic species that is native to the limited area, indicating that the identity of the region in terms of historical development. Many relict species. 63 species listed in the Red Book of Bashkortostan, 14 of them — in the Red Book of Russia. The animals in the biosphere 2157 species, 84 of them are listed in the Red Book of Bashkortostan, 40 — in the Red Book of Russia. And 177 species are included in the European list of the Berne Convention.
Also, included in the biosphere Two Important Bird Areas European values — Bielsko-Nugush area between the river and the Uruk. Lives there are many rare birds.

Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO — A form of protected areas, with an international protection status. The World Network of Biosphere Reserves established under the UNESCO program "Man and Biosphere". The purpose of the biosphere reserve — a balanced interaction between man and nature. Now in 117 countries around the world there are 610 biosphere reserves, including there are international or transnational. In Russia it is 41 minutes Biosphere Reserve, a lot of them on the banks of the Volga. In the Ural region "Bashkir Urals" — the only encompasses a few protected areas.

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