In Kabardino-Balkaria, develop agriculture

This year, the AIC of Kabardino-Balkaria, spent about 2.5 billion rubles from the budget, including 1 billion 754 million rubles from the federal budget and 746 million rubles from the republican budget. This was stated by the head of Kabardino-Balkaria Arsen Kanokov during a working meeting with Agriculture Minister Nikolai Fyodorov, was in the region on a working visit.

The meeting was held in "Agro-Com", which is a modern high-tech greenhouse complex for growing vegetables using drip irrigation. Its construction began in 2008. Now the first stage of the project — a greenhouse built on 20 hectares of the planned 100. By 2015, the expected output at full capacity — more than 67,000 tonnes of tomatoes a year.

Federal Minister talked about the pilot project of the company "Trading house" Stroymash "- the production of environmentally friendly plastic containers for the collection and storage of fruits and vegetables. For two years the company has brought its output to 500 containers per day.

Another new agricultural industry to Kabardino-Balkaria — Industrial ovoschefruktohranilische-refrigerator with a capacity of 5,000 tons a controlled atmospheric environment with modern equipment. Expected to build 12 such industrial refrigerators total capacity of over 60,000 tons of storage.

In addition, in the region to develop intensive gardening. For four years — from 2008 to 2011 — in the country was laid more than a thousand hectares of intensive orchards, and last year farmers managed to collect more than 72 tons of apples.

The plans — to bring the area of intensive orchards up to 20 thousand hectares, which will collect almost 600 thousand tons of apples. If the scheduled able to put into practice, the Kabardino-Balkaria will be one of the biggest producers of apples in Russia.

Intensive horticulture — method, in which the trees are planted at high density per unit area, while seedlings are used to support specific hedge concrete pillars, system anchors, cables and wires. Seedlings fed through a drip irrigation system, in addition, extensive gardens enclose a special hail net, as the spring and summer in the country often falls hail, causing irreparable damage to fruit trees.

Lay the intensive gardens and care for local professionals learn from foreign, mainly Italian, agrarians. Some went abroad to learn the proper place for the organization of the process. Imported from there and the first apple saplings. And after the harvest has been obtained, the authorities of the Republic decided that intensive gardening can and should be a priority for the development of agriculture. 

The development of intensive horticulture in the country requires not only labor that is important in terms of high unemployment in the North Caucasus and the parallel development of related industries. First of all, the construction of modern high-tech systems for the storage of the fruit. Here apples can keep its flavor for a whole year. Now the country operates two of these "cooler", but soon plans to open more stores. Especially in Kabardino-Balkaria grow by intensive technologies are going to not only apples but also pears, plums and cherries.


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