In Novosibirsk, came on line a new mode of transport — a low-floor trolley for lithium-ion batteries. The creators call it an amphibian for the ability to move in two verses: electrical, limited contact system, and air — no extra feeding.
For a start, he will carry passengers to Key Kamyshenskoe plateau, but eventually will connect the city center to the outskirts. The creators hope that the new trolley interested commercial carriers — he will press on urban roads buses and taxis. Experts believe that a transport revolution so far, you first need to upgrade the network of wires and cables that are decently outdated since Soviet times. Corresponding NGS.NOVOSTI swept in a new trolley and found out where he will take passengers.
From September 15 to the trolleybus route number 5 a "Metro" Zaeltsovskaya "- Key Kamyshenskoe plateau" runs completely new mode of transport — trolley brand TrolZa-ST-5265A with a low floor and a lithium-ion battery. About 15 km on the street. Kirov, elective and back he crossed without contact network. A few days before the inbound trolley made a Test-drive the Red Avenue — Head of the passenger Hall Alexander Lavrentiev introduced him to journalists. "Nobody noticed, and now we go without" horns "" — he declared at a crossroads. But no one was surprised — trolley with lithium-ion batteries that can overcome part of the route without contact system, run on city roads for a year.
This is the first in Russia trolley with self-powered and low-floor, assured Mr. Lavrentyev.
According to him, the new model has a range of an independent course — the new battery charge lasts for 25 km instead of 15. Its main advantage — a low level of the floor (about 360 mm). In the interior of the new trolley sufficient step — no need to climb stairs. For people with limited mobility and parents with strollers provided a platform — to its fold, the driver needs to get out of the car and pull the lever.
The new trolley cost the city budget of 9.5 million rubles. His collected in Novosibirsk plant "Sibeltransservis." Body came from the factory in the city of Engels (Saratov region), and the batteries made at a local factory "Liotech." Connect with one another was not easy — to fit the batteries under the floor, had to reduce the area of cabin from 100 to 96 people, said director of "Sibeltransservis" Sergei Parfenov. In late August, the company patented a new type of transport, and received a certificate for its mass production. "We like to call it" amphibious "in the dictionary, it means" Lungfish "- it can" breathe "as from the contact system, and without it" — shared Mr Parfenov.
- Trolley Amphibian
According to him, at 1 km of driving a trolley spends 4-5 times less energy than a bus that runs on diesel. It is possible to put on almost any bus route in the city, if parts of it are under the contact system. While the trolley rides under the wires, it is charging.
To charge was optimal, and the battery, designed for 7-8 years of use without wearing out prematurely, an autonomous part of the route should be about 30% of its entire length.
Urban congestion seriously "podsazhivayut" battery, but even on a busy street to use the "amphibian" profitable. Motor efficiency at low speed is much higher than that of hydrocarbon explained developer. Trolleybus on the "battery" is not foreign to the hydrocarbon fuel — Lounge from November to March will heat the heaters Webasto, which run on diesel fuel.
Armed with a ruler and a map 2GIS correspondent NGS.NOVOSTI counted — at the current capabilities of lithium-ion batteries
trolleybus charge enough to cover the distance to the "Spring", to bring passengers to the housing estate "Swifts", Flank, and Krasnoobsk ObGES and back.
But the road to the Sower he will master only one way — recharge is required.
- Trolley Amphibian
Alexander Lavrentiev assured that the City Council, where possible, will buy "dipnoi" trolley buses and run them in the sleeping neighborhoods. Among the options — "Springs", "Bullfinch", "Plyuschihinsky" as well as the Soviet area. Pull back the contact network and build traction substations too expensive — 70-100 mln. Shopping trolley will cost ten times cheaper, confirmed Deputy Mayor Valery Zharkov. According to him, this type of transport is convenient to rearrange from one route to another as needed.
Assistant professor of electrical systems NSTU Mikhail Nikulin said that the trolleybus network in Novosibirsk has developed in 80 years — the last line in 1989 led trolley on the street. Azure. Then, in the city there were about 40 routes that serve 360 trolleybuses. Over urban highways were built 280 km of single-track in the year — this length is designed to operate trolleybuses 400-500, estimated by experts. According to the register of passenger transport on September 1, 2013, only 14 routes and trolley buses — 225. A provision in urban networks still is, despite the fact that some parts of the wires need to be planned replacement of worn and seriously — for example, the Red Avenue and West Central district, concluded Mr. Nikulin.
According to him, the trolley on a standalone course can temporarily replace the light rail — as long as the city is seeking funds for the project. However, as an alternative to buses or minibuses to consider them not worth it.
Secretary of the Public Council under the Ministry of Transport VAT Yuri Kiyko doubted that commercial carriers interested in this kind of transport. He suggested the City Hall to put these machines to the most unpopular with commercial carriers routes — where the evening is hard to wait for transport, for example, in the flank.