Russian glass market — 20 years, Russian glaziers have mastered the latest technology, and simultaneously increased their production of glass is five times:
In Soviet times, there was even a country office — "The Ministry of industry of building materials," which dealt with including release of various types of glass, and, solely on technology invented … back in 1902. In the USSR, the technological "revolution of the glass," the 60-70s for the production of "float glass", invented by Sir A. Pilkington in the 50 years of the British company "Pilkington" (Pilkington), of course, slept.
And this fundamentally new technology drastically and dramatically increased productivity and, most importantly, dramatically increased the quality of the products.
For reference about the new technology of production of flat glass — "float glass".
"Float Glass" is obtained when the ribbon of liquid glass is poured and slides on the molten metal (tin). The lower surface of the belt is an exceptionally smooth surface through polishing glass molten tin, and top — due to surface tension forces. Float glass is characterized by extremely smooth surface and especially! — Minimum optical defects.
Produced the greatest amount of float glass now is 6000 x 3210 mm (3 to 6 meters), and the thickness of the "glass plate" up to 25 mm.
The country has in fact been in the 80s more important tasks … restructuring, oil and gas, production of weapons, people to feed, etc. And here and the collapse of the country — the Soviet Union arrived in time. Especially since all it was not until some glasses … although the old "glass factory" in a huge country were many. Because the funds to update technology and equipment, none of them was not, the result was the following situation:
In the world market of sheet glass long and well, "running the show" and just a few huge global corporations — Pilkington (UK), Asahi Glass Company (AGC) of Japan (Russia steers its European subsidiary in Belgium — the company Glaverbel), the company "Saint Gobain (France) and U.S. giant — concern "Gardian".
Here are all the 4 global market leaders gradually and rushed from the 90s to the "capitalist market" Russia, realizing his immense promise … the more that the entire resource base simply "underfoot", is where to deploy large scale, and high-quality customer various glass in the vast territory of Russia and the CIS, many millions …
Japan’s Asahi Glass Company (AGC) first quickly bought the largest in Russia, "Bor Glassworks" in the Nizhny Novgorod region. (The main producer of glass for cars), dramatically upgraded its equipment and brought the production of float glass plant to 400 tonnes per day.
And then, the country began construction boom of the 2000s, in which the demand for high-quality float glass instantly jumped to 1.6 tons per day.
The main factor in the growth of demand for flat glass serves the construction industry, where the consumption of glass are growing by 10-12% per year. Construction and automobile boom in the country gained its momentum, in addition, widespread public place in apartments and houses of two and three-layer glazing.
Therefore, to 2002. the country has lacked no glass, though quality, albeit low-quality (manufactured under the old technology). Glass in Russia were taken from everywhere. The main supplier of glass was, of course, China, is filled to 15% of the Russian glass market.
Sate Chinese demand helped the Russian glass manufacturers neighbors — Belarus and Ukraine (and, and Chinese, and the former Soviet factories supplying products, released on the old technology, that is not very high quality).
Since the 2000s, Russia has become one of the world’s largest consumers of glass (4% of world demand), and the volume of domestic production only for the first five years of the twenty-first century has increased by 2 times — in 2000. Russia produced 80 million square meters. meters, and in 2006. — Is 164.6 million square meters. sq. sheet glass.
Today, the total volume of consumption of flat glass in Russia and the CIS, is estimated at 400-450 million square meters. Glass meters per year.
Seeing what is happening in our market, all the world leaders "glasswork" race and rushed in a serious way … to build a new cutting-edge Russian enterprises and the production line of high-quality "float glass". And the competitive race for the Russian market went just "separation":
American concern "Gardian" built from scratch in the Ryazan refinery with a capacity of 750 tons of glass per day. As soon as the first enterprise running conveyors, the company "Gardian" immediately began construction of a second plant in Krasnosulinskaya district of Rostov region, which is about to launch as early as 2012.
Projected production capacity of this plant is 900 tons of glass per day and it will be the largest glass factory of the American concern abroad.
In May, 2010. Japanese company Asahi Glass Company (AGC) has launched its new operation in Europe’s largest plant for the production of float glass in Klin, Moscow region. Its capacity is 1,100 tons of glass per day. The new production has a very favorable geographical location, allowing the AGC
increase its presence in major centers of consumption of glass — Central and North-Western regions of Russia.
In addition, the Japanese Asahi Glass Company (AGC), as Americans, as in the Rostov region is building another new plant with a capacity of 600 tons of glass per day.
In the battle for the Russian and CIS markets gradually and thoroughly tightened with the French and the British.
In February 2010. French company "Saint-Gobain" started construction of its own factory for the production of sheet glass in Elabuge — a "special economic zone" in Tatarstan. The power of this production is 250 tons of float glass per year.
And the Russian largest manufacturers of glass — "Salavatsteklo" and "Saratovstroisteklo" as a result teamed up to equip the most advanced technologies and equipment to compete on equal terms with the above foreign manufacturers of float glass market in Russia / CIS, and also increase the supply of their products to markets CIS and far abroad.
The English company "Pilkington" in the Russian market since 2006. — Has a new plant RM1 (LLC "Pilkington Glass") in the Moscow region, who for five years has produced one million tons of flat float glass (releasing an average of 567 tons of glass per day, and planning to increase its capacity to 260 thousand tons of float glass per year).
A segment of float glass and processed the highest grades in Russia demonstrates a steady increase and is now about 90% of the total domestic market of flat glass (in 2005. Its share was still 75%), as growing demand in the country for quality glass.
By 2012-2013. Its share in the total flat glass market could reach 98%, almost completely displacing low-quality type of glass that are still imported from abroad.
The result — today Russia has become a net exporter of high-quality glass (in foreign trade statistics glass believe in square meters, and not in tonnes) in 2010. Russia exported more than 20 million square meters of glass, including about 7 million square meters. m only in foreign countries — more than 2 million square meters in Turkey about 1 million square meters. m in Finland, almost 800 thousand square m in Bulgaria, more than 600 thousand square meters. m in the Czech Republic, more than 400 thousand square meters. m in Denmark, more than 300 thousand square meters. m in the UK, etc.
Import of flat glass from abroad in recent years has declined — from 31 million square meters.
meters in 2005. to 13.6 million square meters. m in 2010. (while supplies coming mainly from China, Ukraine and Turkey).
There is no doubt that the export of high quality and competitive float glass from Russia, as in the countries of the CIS and non-CIS countries in the coming years will only increase.