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In Russia created an exoskeleton that can be controlled by thought
The company "Neyrobotiks" from Zelenograd developed and launches an exoskeleton (external prosthesis) human hand. The company entered the robotics market with its own products two years ago. And in that time has created not only a stimulant brush, but other unique products, including bioprosthetic hands and anthropomorphic robots.
In Russia created an exoskeleton that can be controlled by thought
In Russia created an exoskeleton that can be controlled by force mysliKadr: Youtube / Neyrobotiks
Roboterapiya in Zelenogradskaya
The device, created by order of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at retail cost half a million rubles. The first sample has already been purchased by the Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology (IVND) RAS. It is intended to replace medical treatment for some of the paralyzed and partially paralyzed patients — whose onset of paralysis as a result of brain damage.
"Due to the destruction of the cerebral cortex person loses control over the movement of the limbs, — says the founder and director of" Neyrobotiks "doctor-biophysicistVladimir Konishev. — To return to such control is usually treated with tablets. Who are lucky that after such therapy begins at the very least walk and move your arms. "
Faster and more effectively treat these patients allows the modern branch of medicine called "roboterapiya." Exoskeleton brush is precisely such a "therapeutic robot". It consists of two parts — a chair with EEG and "gloves", the exoskeleton. EEG reads and translates the commands of the brain, and "glove" starts to compress and decompress, to make movements that promote the limb. He has already been tested on humans.
"During the tests were recorded phenomenal results — says Konishev. — Our partners IVND specially invited to test the device on the most difficult patient. And here was a man who was severely brain injury and completely lost the ability to move the left side of the body, for the first time in eight years, began with the help of our system, move your left hand! "
The long road to robotics
Vladimir … Konishev always wanted to make robots, and — most similar to humans. To do this, and went first to study biophysics and neurophysiology, then — the programming. After the dissolution of the Union was a programmer in Japan, then in the U.S.. "I do not want to make robots out there for two reasons — says the founder of the" Neyrobotiks. " — The economic reason was, of course — in the developed countries the costs are too high, so the Western partners still do not believe that a small firm can engage in robots. But the main thing — the patriotic considerations. After all, any robotics has a military component. Let us recall the project Big Dog, «Dogs running" — quadruped robot created by Boston Dynamics, to carry gear and assist soldiers in an area where not able to move normal transport. I would not have been able to work on a potential enemy of our country. "
Vladimir worked abroad 11 years and then came to create a business in Russia. But the money was only enough to rent and renovate an office. Then he engaged in sales of scientific instruments of western production, as well as the creation of instruments for the testing of pharmaceutical products on animals — mice and rats. When there is a serious profit, then you can begin designing instrumentation and robots.
Konishev began looking for engineers and programmers specialized in the field of robotics. And those others he found in the walls of the Moscow State Technical University. Bauman. Required the company specialists with both medical and biological education, engineers biotechnologists found in Zelenograd (Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology) and Yaroslavl State University. And in 2011 launched a new high-tech business of the company.
Began to build a unique combination of instruments of their own and western components. Requests for such equipment are constantly coming from the scientific institutions of the country, law enforcement agencies as well as private companies specializing in the field of remote neuroscience, engineering, ergonomics and biupravleniya.
This line of work in the company continued to develop successfully. "Here we combine this EEG with another device — a device for tracking the direction of gaze, which produces our partner in Germany — shows the unit head of the firm. — Neuroscientists have long understood that biopotentials your brain depends on what you’re watching. This eye tracker via USB-port connects to any computer. When you are in front of him, he looks at your eyes. Such devices in Russia does no one else. "
Some specialists of the company is working on a wireless monitor for athletes, "which can be run and it will transfer the data to a computer or burn." Most of the profits Konishev investing in a new development company.
Talking heads doctor Konysheva
In addition to commercial research and medical facilities, and improvement of this anthropomorphic robots "Alice Zelenogradova" (2012) and "Alex Bavarian" (2013). Externally "Alice" is similar to a relative of Vladimir, and "Alex" — on its German partner. Talking silicone head with a "natural" hair can respond to facial expressions and behavior interlocutor — in their eyes the camera and microphones in the ears.
"Our" Alice "can answer questions — Chapter" Neyrobotiks "tells the story of a robot with the same intonations, which speaks of a loved one. — Of course, only those questions to which answers are embedded in its program, but in multiple languages. And the guys are working hard to make the behavior more difficult. "Alice" is becoming more sophisticated. Along with "Alex Bavarian" they are now preparing to perform in robototeatre. Clearly, this is a show, but the show is completely automated. "Alice" was originally on wheels — now we recycle the lower part, to make it more compact and mobile. We’ll work on their feet. "
"Alice" and "Alex" no legs, no arms has not yet been acquired. But it is the work of the limb exoskeleton robot and spawned a brush, and a pneumatic arm.
"Inside the mesh loop is a rubber tube — explains the principle of Konishev pnevmomyshtsy used in pnevmoprotezah and the exoskeleton of the firm. — When we submit there air pnevmomyshtsa reduced by 25 percent or more, depending on the braid. Accordingly, when the air supply and the fingers are bent. Everything here is done by our experts — and pnevmomyshtsa and thumbs and pnevmoostov, and control electronics. We buy only the pneumatic valves and compressor. "
In the process it became clear that, taking electromyogram with residual muscles (muscles of the stump), you can program the movement of the fingers. That is, by attaching to the cult of a mechanical arm, a person will be able to control the movement of her fingers. Tests electromechanical arms too were successful test — Sergei Boatmen of
Taganrog, famous athlete, who amputated arms and legs, was able to move his fingers. "There are, however, still need a lot of things to do — says Vladimir. — Kultepriemnik with built biousilitelem, miniature pneumatic system. We’re working on it. Prosthetics — it’s a big market, it certainly requires a serious investment. After all, to make the production of bio-prostheses serial, need 150-200 billion rubles. "
But then Konishev says that "anybody" and "at all times" he would not take the money. The company’s profit is now an average of 20 million rubles, the turnover — more than 80 million annually "in development" entails a little more than 16 million "self-financing, we can still do a lot of things." Despite the redistribution of power and resources in the development of robotics, the company did not close any of its cash directions: there continue to test drugs on animals, as well as programming and the development of instruments to order.
"We will make the robot arm and a leg — promises to leave the host company. — And at the end of the year we will have a piece similar to the famous Big Dog. It will be a prototype robot "Lynx" — mechanical "lynx", run and jump. I hope that our interested in the development of power, because its characteristics, our "Lynx" will be better than the American "dog. ‘"
Vladimir Konishev, Physician biophysicist, graduated2nd Moscow State Medical Institute(Now the Russian State Medical University) them. Pirogov, 49 years old.
Investments — more than 30 million rubles
Profitability — 50%
Project payback period — about 3 years. Profit from creating and selling robot company plans to the beginning of 2016.