Integrates the latest report on the results of the program of resettlement of compatriots and the recent interview Director of International Relations of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation Alexander Zhuravskoye "Rossiyskaya Gazeta".
October 17, Kaluga certificate presentation ceremony 100000th party state program to assist the voluntary resettlement to the Russian Federation.
According to the regional Department of Labor, Employment and Personnel Policy 100000th compatriot relocated to Russia, a 24-year-old citizen of Kazakhstan Vyacheslav Gerasimov. He, along with his wife and daughter and a half month since July of this year, lives in his own home town of Kaluga Duminichi. Gerasimov is currently working in the area Duminichskom logistician.
According to the Federal Migration Service of the Kaluga region, since 2007 in the region of the State program to assist the voluntary resettlement to the Russian Federation of compatriots living abroad. Currently compatriots have the opportunity to choose to move one of the 40 subjects of the Russian Federation. Kaluga region for five years, is still the most attractive migration, say in management. During the period of the state program in the Kaluga region considered by the authorized body of 17,555 profiles of potential immigrants from 33 countries. Agreed attended by 11790 profiles (67.2% of the amount considered). As of October 5 this year in the Kaluga region arrived compatriots 14556 (program participants with family members).
Interview with Alexander Zhuravsky
Alexander, what do you think will go in the future compatriots in Russia?
Alexander Zhuravskii: I think so. The last two years of the program instilled healthy optimism. Last year, the Russian program moved compatriots more than in all previous years, the trend has continued this year. If the first seven months of 2011, Russia moved about 15,000 people, in the end, we came to the figure of 32,000 fellow settlers. For 7 months of this year came to 22,000. And we can expect that by year-end figures will reach 50,000 persons. We have no reason to expect a different dynamic.
Why such confidence?
Alexander Zhuravskii: The new version of the state program, prepared by the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia jointly with FMS and other departments and agencies, removes a number of administrative barriers. In addition, the specified range of the family members of the state program, now including grandparents, adult brothers and sisters, adopted children, which will move in large families.
The new government program to expand the concept of "territory of the Universe" regarding the possibility of referring to it throughout the region, not just some part of it, as it is now defined. This will allow a person who has moved to a specific region, not being tied to a single municipality. Though open to receiving compatriots will all, or almost all regions, and will remain the priority areas of introduction, a list of which will be determined by the government.
The list will include primarily the Far Eastern border areas. It is planned that the compatriots, who were moving back to be able to rely on a much higher "lift" than it is now, that will not be provided to people in other regions.
But everyone will still be paid for travel, luggage and some other expenses. For citizenship under the state program — as before, for a few months. And, of course, has become a perpetual state program.
And the work?
Alexander Zhuravskii: Compatriots will be able to choose the territory of the universe, not focusing, as of now, only on existing job vacancies. Program participants will be able to become a fellow, ready to find a job on their own, open a business, transfer business, or a group of people who would like to move compactly and do, such as agro-business. Thus, if the region needs it as part of a regional resettlement program will make a routine that focuses on industrial, agricultural or educational cluster, forming a request for people with specific skills for a specific regional project development.
If people are free to come to where they want, it does not aggravate the situation on the labor market?
Alexander Zhuravskii: You know, it’s 10-11 million annually arriving migrants are able to aggravate the situation in the labor market, and that to a greater extent because the system integration and adaptation to the host community is not yet built. There is no reason to expect complications from a few hundred thousand or even several millions of our compatriots, whose life strategy is just aimed at the speedy integration into Russian society.
As is known, the program for a long time, "rocking". Why people started moving only after three years from the beginning of its implementation?
Alexander Zhuravskii: First of all, have not been established mechanisms to administer the state program, which is fine-tuned in the course of its implementation. Territories invasion initially was not enough. People go, when there was a great choice, and the number of regions that have adopted regional resettlement program has expanded to 40. In addition, initially countrymen had to pay income tax as a resident — 30 percent. It was only in 2011, members of the state program since arriving equated with tax residents of the Russian Federation, identifying them for income tax of 13 percent.
Disrupted and the lack of a proven, the information submitted is correct. In compatriots were high expectations in the first place on the housing arrangement. The last three years, the information support of the state program we through the Internet, television and radio provide accurate and timely information to potential participants in the state program of its capabilities, including the characteristics of the regions where it is possible to relocate. At the same time, many thought the state program as a program of repatriation. But in Russia the repatriation program by type of German or Israeli, in principle, impossible, as in Germany, and Israel repatriation is carried along ethnic lines.
And we, by the way, why this principle is ignored? In the state program because there is no preference for Russian?
Alexander Zhuravskii: Russia — a multinational country. And the program of repatriation on ethnicity in Russia is impossible. At a time when other former republics of the Soviet Union went the way of the formation of nation-states to the definition of the titular nation, the Russian Federation, having ethnicity (Russian) and religious (Orthodox) dominants, did not succumb to the temptation of building a mono-ethnic state, choosing the path of a federal development, preservation of cultural diversity and in the Constitution equality of citizens regardless of ethnic or religious affiliation.
But according to statistics, 80 percent of the Russian population — Russian.
Alexander Zhuravskii: Russian — the absolute majority in our country. And by the way, more than half the people in ethnically — Russian, almost 8% of Ukrainians and Armenians, 4.6% — Tajiks, 2.5% — tatary.No should be understood that, in contrast, for example, such a federal state, Germany, in Russia there are members of the Federation, which contain the name of an ethnic marker, have the opportunity to assert republican languages. So when we
talk about their countrymen, we understand that it’s not just about ethnic Russian living in the former republics of the Soviet Union, but the Tartars and Karelia in Finland, the Germans in Kazakhstan and Germany, and even the little people Seto in Estonia. Realizing the two state programs — support of compatriots living abroad, and to assist their voluntary resettlement to Russia — Russian state provides our compatriots choice.
Then, perhaps, it makes sense to register in the program all the titular nationalities inhabiting Russia? And to give more preference to their representatives?
Alexander Zhuravskii: It is in this sense can not see. If the Russian people want to leave Kazakhstan and Estonia, he can easily carry through the state program. The definition of "compatriots abroad" in the current Russian legislation involves a wide range of persons entitled to be treated as such. This, of course, be felt by compatriot cultural-historical and spiritual relationship with Russia.
In addition, there is a problem with the evidence of their ethnicity, as in most countries, and in Russia in particular, refused official documents with the obligatory indication of origin. We have the issue of national identity is stored in the census questionnaires, on the birth certificate, you can specify the nationality of the child by their parents. And already in the passport in the column "Nationality" is not specified ethnicity and nationality — the Russian Federation as the "nationality" in the world — belonging to the country.
If you go back to the state program, what kind of people have moved to Russia in five years?
Alexander Zhuravskii: Statistics show that in Russia are moving mostly young families. In terms of age for more than 60% of immigrants — it faces up to 40 years and only 1.6% — the people of retirement age. Higher and incomplete higher education are about 40% of fellow settlers, specialty workers and specialized secondary education — and about 40% complete secondary education — about 18%.
Many of his compatriots in Russia (though not exclusively) is difficult to solve the problem of registering a new place and getting housing. The new version of software offers a solution?
Alexander Zhuravskii: The question of registration should be decided not in the framework of the state program, and in the framework of general approaches to improve migration control. With regard to housing, we must not forget about social justice. If immigrants have more social mobility and preferences than the citizens of Russia, it will cause social unrest old residents. There has to be a different logic. As the quality of life and expanding social opportunities of our citizens will be provided, and a higher level of security countrymen.
Will the categories of people who may refuse to resettle in Russia?
Alexander Zhuravskii: Of course. New State Program provides a list of grounds on which compatriot certainly fail or if it has already arrived, annul the status of the participant. This applies to those who, for example, is associated with terrorist activities, has previous convictions for serious crimes had been previously deported from Russia, has provided false information about themselves, etc. In addition, there is a procedure matching the nominations to the authorized body of the Russian Federation, in which he intends to move. This is important because it is the regional authority responsible for the migrants and should rely on their own resources worthy of their settlement.