More than 12 billion invested vegetable producers in the construction and expansion of greenhouses in the Leningrad region. Companies are preparing to compete with importers on the eve of the entry into the WTO.
As many as three agricultural producers announced the development of greenhouses for the production of vegetables — mainly tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce.
The largest project worth 6.5 billion rubles, and building area of 22 hectares in Vsevolozhsk district LLC "Eureka", 4 billion to invest in the expansion of "Vyiborzhets", "year round" to build a greenhouse for $ 1.7 billion.
In the agricultural business beckons their promised state support domestic production prior to the entry into the WTO. "Focus on the greenhouse complex" year round "the company decided in part because state support for vegetable production. Government encourages the development of the industry, provides repayment of interest rates on loans for the construction of the complex, as well as funding the engineering infrastructure within the framework of the comprehensive investment plan Pikalevo" — CEO says, "All the Year Round" Constantine Grankin.
"According to the program of state, the state can compensate for the rate on the loan. That is, the company is funded at the rate of the Central Bank of 8%, whereas a normal commercial loan is granted at the rate of 15%", — says Sergey Shcherbakov, head of the North-Western Regional Centre of the bank "Agrosoyuz" .
Support program is designed to support domestic agriculture in Russia’s accession to the WTO, which will test the strength of the greenhouse business. By 2015, Russia agreed to reduce import duties on many kinds of vegetables, especially tomatoes and cucumbers — the most popular species for breeding in the greenhouses. Duty on them will reduce from 15 to 10%.
There will also be lowered import duties on cabbage (from 15 to 11% for color and broccoli, to 13% at Brussels, collard). The duty on imports of carrots and turnips decrease from 15 to 12%, to hell — from 15 to 11% in 2015, for beet — from 15 to 12% in 2015, however, the administrative barriers — a much greater threat to the sector, rather than joining the WTO, said Dmitry Yegorov, director of the Northwest branch of "Aton".
Russian buyers tend to trust domestic producers, so with a reasonable pricing demand will be very high, optimistic expert.
The planned capacity of the complex "Eureka" — 24 thousand tons of vegetables a year, the first phase of 10 tons will begin work in the I quarter of 2013, the second — in 2014 estimated executives, production greenhouses to press the imported vegetables, and the project pay for itself in 6-7 years.
In "Eureka," say the money to invest in the project team decided to developers, which plans to diversify its business. Businessmen engaged in the cultivation of greenhouse vegetables, because, in their view, the situation on the market right now is favorable.
From another industry (trade in agricultural products) came in agriculture and TD "Agrolayn" — the investor greenhouse complex "year round" area of 10 hectares in Pikalevo.
This investor also decided to diversify its business and covers such areas as pig farming, cattle breeding and growing of vegetables, says Konstantin Grankin. After analyzing the market, it was decided to focus on greenhouses.
The first phase of the complex area of 6 hectares will be put into operation this year, capacity will reach 6.3 million tons of vegetables a year, the total capacity of greenhouses — about 10 tons majority of investments — loan.
"We also look forward to the import substitution will balk at the fact that we have the freshest product, it is important for perishable products such as vegetables. Our advantage over smaller areas of the greenhouse complex in the latest technologies and high-yield", — says Konstantin Grankin. He explained that due to the large volume production cost of production will decline.
In I quarter of this year will be put into operation new facilities of JSC "Vyiborzhets", said the administration Vsevolozhskogo district. Until recently, the company produced more than 9 tons of vegetables a year, a new turn, placed on 6 hectares, will increase by 11 million tons per year. In the "Vyborg" project does not comment.
In Leningrad vegetables grown six greenhouse plants: JSC "Agri" Vyiborzhets ", JSC" Karelia "(under control" Vyborg "), JSC" Youth ", JSC" Spring-Tikhvin ", JSC" Agri "Rosa" and ZAO "Rainbow." Half of them do not plan to expand.