The villagers of the Samara region, together with the specialists of the regional Ministry of Agriculture and Food solve the problem of food security in the region. Particular attention is paid to the development of animal husbandry. The number of peasant farms (KFH) for this year has doubled, and the size of the population in the third quarter significantly exceeded the planned targets.
— What new sub regional target program of agricultural development work in the region? Is it possible to have preliminary results of their implementation?
— In the province implemented two new routines: routine development of beef cattle and increase the production of beef and routine of family livestock farms on the basis of peasant farms (KFH) in 2011-2013.
After working for three quarters, we are seeing some results. For example, the routine of family livestock farms on the basis of individual farms. At the beginning of the year we had a total of 20 individual farms, and they produced about 572 tons of milk. In the second quarter of farms was already 36, and they produced 2.3 million tonnes of milk. And already at the expiration of the third quarter of KFH was 54, they produced 3.8 million tonnes of milk. The dynamics of growth — at times. The most active process of emergence KFH is in Pohvistnevsky, Syzranskaya Krasnoyarsk and Shentalinsky areas.
According to the second subroutine, aimed at the development of beef cattle in the region, there are also significant results. At the beginning of the year, we had 33 farms that are included in this routine. It is not only individuals, but also legal entities. They had 13 thousand head of cattle, including 4.9 thousand cows, at the time they produced 240 tons of meat. In the second quarter of the participating farms was already 45. The livestock has increased to 17.5 million heads. And they have already produced 588 tons of meat. At the beginning of the fourth quarter, we have 56 farms from 22 thousand units and the production of 1 million tons of meat.
I would like to point out that the program is the development of beef cattle has passed a rigorous selection in the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and it was additionally allocated from the federal budget — almost 19 million rubles, which we will soon get. We will be able to use this money for the directions: the development and production of products for the purchase of equipment …
— Acting as support routines are joined with the already implemented measures for the development of animal husbandry in the Samara region?
— In the Samara region is essential for the maintenance and support of the cows and the production of meat. This direction has been State Unitary Enterprise "Veles", which is defined by the supplier of breeding stock of cattle, the lion’s share of which accounted for beef cattle. Scott is available in the form of trade credit, for a period of five years, with installment payments. The program has been for years, but still come people who want to participate in it — even the doubters, who waited a while and realized that the government pays serious attention to the development of the beef cattle industry. Show interest and farms, and large private farms, which are then recorded as individual farms.
We support the farmer in the most costly for him: when a cow goes with calf, when a year or two it is necessary to raise a new calf. During this period we pay for each cow RUB 1750 per quarter. For the year is 7 thousand rubles, which is about 50% of the costs incurred by the farmer on the content of the cow. This assistance is especially important for those villagers who start working from scratch. As a result of the implementation of measures to support the positive dynamics in increasing the production of milk and beef. Some individual farms engaged in the production of cattle, brought to 1,500 the number of cattle heads. This is the major supplier of beef to the Samara market.
— On what basis are allocated funds?
— Our programs set clear indicators that today we are in excess. For example, in 2011 we planned number of beef cattle in the amount of 21.6 thousand. Now we have about 24 thousand. The following year the figure laid to 26.9 thousand.
In 2012, in the first place will receive the most support the prospect of the economy that give a positive trend for the production of livestock products.
In the first quarter of 2012, agricultural enterprises of Samara region was purchased about 1,200 head of breeding cattle from other regions, more than 900 of them — dairy, the press service of the Ministry of Agriculture of the region.
Due to the large volume of applications for the purchase of breeding livestock budget of $ 35.6 million allocated to subsidize part of the cost of this trend have been disbursed by the end of March.
Now the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Samara Region is working to secure additional funds from the regional budget.
04.04.2012 State Unitary Enterprise "Kupinsky" Samara region will begin construction of a new building of the economy by 1000 head of cattle in May. By the 10th of April will be completed examination of construction documents.