In the southern Urals series production of nano

Contrary to the skeptics, nanotechnology are developing successfully. In the Chelyabinsk region serial production of several promising high-tech products. As soon as the series can go to other nanoproducts. After a couple of years the number of South Urals nanoprojects grow significantly.

Complete set

Most nanotechnology leave feeling fantastic movie.

One group of scientists is developing Plastic material for bulletproof vests, that changes the trajectory of the bullet, that is an armor-piercing rod of his tupit, — Talks about the ongoing development director Research and Education Center "Nanotechnology" (SUSU) Vyacheslav Avdin. — It is a lightweight shoe that can significantly reduce the thickness of the steel substrate body armor. Research workers have their in-dash SUSU.

Another development SUSU — nanostructured sorbents. They have a much greater capacity than the traditional ones. One gram can absorb heavy metals from water is 10-20 times more "standard" sorbents. However, the main advantage of the material — its selectivity. Novelty is capable of absorbing solution is not everything, but well-defined impurity. This enables the use of nanostructured sorbents not only for water, but also in manufacturing.

In addition to these scientific miracles in the South Ural State University for two years developed technology of gallium nitride — Material for today’s LEDs. Vyacheslav Avdin believes that in about five years, these lamps will be the main source of light in Russia (have efficiency, which in some cases higher than the efficiency of energy-saving lamps, does not contain mercury, toxic substances).

Total on-site center "Nanotechnology" is developed about 10 projects. In addition to staff on the equipment SUSU center employs scientists from all the major universities of the South Urals. Show interest in the neighbors of the Kurgan region.

Center was created from scratch. Buy expensive equipment, — Explains the popularity of the site B. Aydin. — Options should be completed this year.

Nanonadpis on quartz glass: letters depth of 70 nm

The initiators of the center "Nanotechnology" are the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation and JSC "RUSNANO" (until March 2011 "Russian Corporation of Nanotechnologies"). All appliances are purchased under their control. Already have a X-ray diffractometer luminescent. Powder Diffractometer. Several plants for thermal analysis. Equipment that allows you to work with polymers of different viscosity and study the influence of the addition of fillers (including nano) the viscous properties of the material. There are instruments for studying the properties of materials at different temperatures (boiling point of liquid nitrogen to room temperature). Works scanning electron microscope, which allows you to define the morphology of the surface and even look a little deeper into the subject. The pride of the center is translucent microscope. It allows you to build a three-dimensional picture of the object being studied.

When we run this unit at full strength, we will become the owner of the best in the Urals Federal District microscope! — Said V. Avdin. — Easier to say what we do not. This is the nuclear magnetic resonator for studying solids and liquids with high resolution. But its use should be a special room … However, and this issue, I think we’ll decide.

Know-how — to life!

In various universities, most of the most interesting of nanotechnology is on the stage of "laboratory research." It is projected that they will be completed in the next 1.5-2 years. A non-budget organizations that are trying to develop their own science, have already put their know-how into practice. One of the best examples — Center for Innovative Technologies "Quark" (Miass). He tested a prototype inexpensive magnetic tomography for diagnosis and monitoring of harmless treatment on the basis of high-precision measuring instruments of the magnetic characteristics of biological fields and fields of nanomedicines. In addition, the "Quark" is already samples contained breathing apparatus long-term survival with nanostructure regenerator exhaled mixture; equipment for earthquake prediction based on nanotechnology manipulating atoms; antiviral and antibacterial respirator; nanouskoriteli combustion, which increase three-fold energy capabilities motors and so on.

Other examples of successful development and implementation of nanotechnology in life — Company "SKN" (production of ozone modification of nanodiamonds); SPC "New Technologies" (Production and delivery to Japan and South Korea suspensions based on nanodiamonds). On Miass engineering plant mounted Industrial installation of the vacuum melting high-purity silica glass. On Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Plant Plastics" receive raw materials for the production of nanodiamond powder. "NTC Trubmetprom" (Chelyabinsk) introduced in 2009 at one of the automated complex grease removal process with external and internal surfaces of pipes made of special steels and alloys. Of "Asha Metallurgical Plant" volume production cold-rolled steel strip on the basis of iron and cobalt, magnetic cores of amorphous alloys and electrical alloys. JSC "Uralelement" (Upper Ufalei) launched a series of high-performance lithium-ion power cells and batteries for underwater vehicles.

Nanotechnology for us — it’s not something speculative, but real products that are already available in area businesses, — Says the head of programs for the development and innovation of the Ministry of Industry, Chelyabinsk region, Alexander Charles. — Nanotechnology operates at the level of Zinc (All reactions are essentially the molecular level.) South-Ural Plant "Crystal" with 60s growing crystals.

Why do we "Skolkovo"

Realize their scientific ideas in practice should help scientists innovation center "Skolkovo". Its construction was started December 14, 2010 and will be completed in the next few years. Today, it is in fact a big construction site. However, despite such an early stage of construction, the administration of "Skolkovo" is already running (use buildings loca
ted in Moscow). In the "Skolkovo" has already registered more than 50 participating companies. Not so long ago, resident status received South Ural Company "Rocket Center".

For us accommodation in the "Skolkovo" — is primarily a prestige and status, — The general director of "Rocket Center" Yevgeny Solomin.

Resident status of "Skolkovo" provides an additional advantage in negotiations with lending institutions. The company develops and manufactures wind turbines (blades settings are made on the basis of nanotsirkoniya polikarboksilana) and soon it will need a large loan. Today, the company is one step away from the start of mass production of products — at the stage of development of technological parties. Once completed the test, "Rocket Center" will need to build the plant, because the Americans want to engage in the development of the firm’s energy industry.

Six months later, begin serious work on desyatimegavattnymi wind power plants, the largest in the world, they will be located on the coast of California, — Says Evgeny Solomin. — The project is for half a billion dollars. Mass production would be open in the Chelyabinsk region. Therefore, we hope to help ministries.

In addition to the status of the "Skolkovo" South Urals inventors for the money ("Rocket Center" has received a grant of 30 million rubles). And besides, being built Science City — a promising market. According to E. Solomin, the administration of "Skolkovo" with interest the possibility of including wind turbines in the power system of the future city.

According to the general opinion of experts, it was like "Skolkovo" area in the future will ensure the further development of nanotechnology in Russia as a whole and in the Chelyabinsk region in particular. That industrial park is the place where ideas are collected scientists to interested investors can come in and choose the project with the required parameters. At the moment in the "Skolkovo" has already attracted more than half a billion rubles of foreign investment, with total approved public funds in excess of three billion rubles.

"Skolkovo" — a successful project. Knowing this, we decided to develop a program for the development of technology parks in the Chelyabinsk region. Today the real work has three such sites. This SUSU-Flight. Technopark Miassky machine factory (Already about six technologies under development). And industrial park on the Chelyabinsk plant of special tooling, — Sums up Alexander Charles.

Author: Alexander Chirkov

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