Yakutsk freeze the seeds of endangered plant species in order to preserve them. The experiment, which began 30 years ago, has shown that at low temperatures, the seeds do not deteriorate. And the permafrost is ideal for creating such a repository.
With every meter into the ground increasingly felt the icy breath of the permafrost. In the underground galleries of the Permafrost Institute, even in the heat of summer cold winter. Scientists believe this is an ideal place for a century cryogenic hibernation. As an experiment 30 years ago in the room frozen seeds of agricultural plants.
Go to the gene pool of frozen peas, beans, buckwheat, do not let the casual visitor. Any fluctuation of temperature, even heat from a person may be detrimental impact on the quality of the collection. Recent experiments have shown — the scientists are on the right path. In spite of the age — the seeds in excellent condition.
"Currently, we are experimenting with germination of seeds of legumes., And showed that these seeds sprout and produce offspring," — says researcher Alex Shein.
The positive results have inspired biologists to implement a large-scale project. In Yakutsk, completed construction of a new modern cryostorages. The authors expect to freeze the seeds of not less than one hundred thousand plants. This Cryobank can claim the status of global importance.
Such storage is in Norway, but there frost forced through a special refrigeration equipment. In Yakutia, such costs are not necessary. Year-round natural permafrost.
Dry summer, cold winter are not afraid of anything that is stored in the rooms. Even the disaster is unlikely to affect the ideal temperature conditions. For such cases, the project provides special bunkers. They will collect the cold winter and, if necessary, cool storage.
"The temperature in coldstore constant. It around minus six degrees. Fluctuations minor — within a tenth of a degree," — says the engineer Vladimir Panin.
Now Yakutsk frozen seed only those plants which have valuable nutritional properties for humans. With the opening of new premises in cryogenic hibernation send endangered species of flowers, fruit bushes and even trees.
"The world is developing in such a way that every year we lose some rare species. For this there is the Red Book. And we’re fighting for something that they can reclaim it in the future," — said the deputy director of the Institute of Permafrost Leo Lee.
The era of industrialization has caused irreparable harm to the nature of the planet. Biologists slow to assemble a collection of seeds as soon as possible. Scientists believe that at low temperatures, samples of plants can remain alive forever, so this Cryobank better legacy left to future generations.