Increasing global importance of the Northern Sea Route

Photo source:morflot.ru

August 31 from Murmansk towards the Asia-Pacific region set off large-capacity cargo ship, bulk carrier Sanko Odyssey deadweight 74,800 tons. It is the largest dry cargo ship that has ever moved on the Northern Sea Route. On board — more than 70,000 of iron ore concentrate produced by Kovdor GOK JSC "Eurohim." Wiring bulk carrier will be engaged in nuclear-powered ships Rosatomflota.

Photo source:rosatom.ru

Sanko Odyssey owned by a Japanese shipping company Sanko Line. For the Japanese, it will be the first use of the Northern Sea Route. Recall that the previous day the tanker "Vladimir Tikhonov" size "Suezmax" set a new speed record of passing the Northern Sea Route. It was the largest tanker in the history of shipping on this track.

In addition, a few days ago in St. Petersburg from Primorye first time in 20 years, the ship arrived, past the Northern Sea Route. Refrigerator ice-class "Communards Nikolaev" brought five thousand tons of salmon. Prior to this fish from Kamchatka and Vladivostok were taken through the Panama and Suez canals.

"Implementation of the pilot vessels along the Northern Sea Route is very revealing. You can say that for the first time after a fairly long break starts all MSPs, not its separate parts, — Says a leading expert of "Finam Management" Dmitry Baranov. — Posting of these vessels is also important in that it is part of the previously announced plan to return Russia to the Arctic. Along with the work on mining in the Arctic offshore, the study of the Arctic Ocean, re-creation of the system of meteorological stations, the construction of the Northern latitudinal, the restoration of the SMP indicates the seriousness of our country for the development of one of the biggest and richest regions of Russia. With increasing global population, shortage of minerals, the value of the Arctic simply can not be underestimated. And the Northern sea route would have to be one of the most important parts of the plan for the return of Russia to the Arctic. "

Prospects for SMEs are primarily in its use for freight traffic in the transport corridor between Europe and Asia. But with the development of SMEs and improvement of its infrastructure, it can be a very attractive tourist destination on a global scale, as well, and are located near the ground. In the face of rising political instability in the traditional sea routes, the occurrence of the phenomenon of piracy around the Horn of Africa, namely the Northern Sea Route may be the new transport artery of the world in the twenty-first century, the most important for the world economy comparable to the Suez and the Panama Canal. Active use of the SMP can give a major boost to the regions located near it. It will be easier and cheaper to deliver the goods for them, will be able to deliver large cargo here that may help in the development of these regions, it will create new jobs, including the operation and maintenance of the NSR.

But it is not only important for the Russian Northern Sea Route, a number of other countries interested in its development and operation. First of all, it is the countries of Europe and Asia, the trade turnover between them is growing every year, can use the SMP and Latin America as well as Australia and New Zealand. It is possible to use its U.S. and Canada. That is to say, that almost all countries of the world can use the SMP to deliver and receive their cargoes. You can not forget the fact that the Northern Sea Route can be used for wiring of tourist vessels, and their home port may be an African country, so the interest in the use of SMP can be predicted across the globe.

In this regard, the question arises: how infrastructure SMP meets the forthcoming increase in ship traffic on it? And here in the first place, we must consider the state of the icebreaker fleet, because, in spite of climate change and the reduction of the area of ice in the Arctic, a successful pilotage on SMEs is possible only if icebreakers. The most promising is the nuclear icebreaker fleet. You can talk about that after the inclusion of the Rosatom he is actually experiencing a rebirth. There was stability in his work, the atomic icebreaker fleet has become more financially stable, has strengthened its technical base. Overall, its prospects appear excellent. With the development of navigation on the NSR, namely nuclear icebreaker fleet is able to take the main burden of pilotage in the Arctic.

Increasing freight traffic on the NSR can help to ensure that Rosatomflot will make a provision of these services decent money. If we talk about outcomes, with the development of the Northern Sea Route and increase revenue Rosatomflota more funds will be invested in the construction of new nuclear-powered icebreakers and nuclear vessels of other types, including travel, ships, assisting in the exploration and production of minerals on the shelf and in on the ocean floor, cargo ships with nuclear power plant. Will expand the scope Rosatomflota, the geography of the use of nuclear ships can cover the entire world’s oceans, said Dmitry Baranov.

A REGNUM

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