Lake Baikal completed testing of new modules for optical telescopes with which scientists can detect neutrinos. These mysterious particles carry information about what is happening in the most distant corners of the universe, and even black holes.
To get to the telescope, you need to drive tens of kilometers across the ice of Lake Baikal. This is a unique project, the world’s only underwater telescope. It records the most mysterious particles — neutrinos. And although so far only conducted basic research, scientists look to the future with optimism. Head of the project "The Baikal neutrino telescope" Gregory Domogatskii sure:
"A man needs to explore the world in which he lives. Science in this sense something completely unpredictable. Where did she shoot as it will yield you one, not even the wisest scientist, do not predict. "
This year, the telescope is experiencing very important event: completed testing of the new — modern and powerful — optical modules. If the experiment is successful, then these modules will begin to replicate. For the Baikal telescope they will need to do more than two thousand pieces. Fragile-looking ball withstands enormous pressure of the water — it is lowered to a depth of nearly a mile. Placed inside a special device for the detection of neutrinos and a photomultiplier.
This project is unique. Setting appear in Baikal in the early nineties of the last century. On the ice, set up 12 winches, which was lowered into the depths of Lake Baikal over 200 glass balls. For all such construction meets Mikhail Rozanov, a senior researcher at the Marine Technical University of St. Petersburg.
"This is not the ocean, there are no strong storms, all are buried. But, nevertheless, the system is feeling the impact of surface disturbances. Well, there are always some flow ", — he explained.
Neutrino telescopes American scientists established at the South Pole, but, according to experts, the chance to get information about the most powerful sources of energy in the universe is more than our scientists. Fellow of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Igor Belolaptikov said:
"At the South Pole installation can only look in one direction, and we can see is the other. And the most interesting objects in the Universe, the most striking, are just at the point in which we can see. "
While the record only those neutrinos that were born in the atmosphere of our planet. Enhanced megateleskop, greater than the existing one hundred times, plan to start in six years, and then, as scientists believe, neutrinos, managed to fly from the farthest reaches of the universe, will be able to talk about what’s inside your space, what is happening in other galaxies, or even what a black hole.