The structure resembles the dome of the observatory, and similar in design to the needle — Eskimo ice hut.
The dirt road to the village of High makes a loop, coming down from the mountain, and the first thing we see at the bottom — an unusual house. The structure resembles the dome of the observatory, and similar in design to the needle — Eskimo ice hut. But this is not exactly the ice — covered tent standard soft tile dark green, almost black color. Windows — a triangular shape, a large terrace and glass doors that seem to invite enter.
Wooden "skeleton", insulation and particleboard
"This method of construction is called a geodesic dome. Supporting structure — that these beams" — the architect of "Sdome" Roman Bogdashko, which is building an observatory on the estate with a swimming pool and sauna, gives us a tour of the mansion.
Under the dome of the two floors. On the ground near the entrance to a bathroom, small rooms for guests, a huge double-height living room with a six-meter ceiling and a kitchen. At the second level — a bedroom for adults and children with a toilet. The house is very cozy all the rooms here with sloping walls, in the attic.
Roman Bogdashko connected to this construction is in the final phase, but, as were building a house, knows the details. "Our dome is located on a hill, so poured a strong foundation. General, for dome houses the costs of the minimum foundation, because the whole design is very easy — says the architect. — Wooden frame of the house, from the so-called LVL-beams — they are produced by gluing several plies of coniferous trees. Between them insulation, basalt wool. " The spherical shape of the frame allows you to evenly distribute the load on the beam.
To assemble the skeleton of the dome with a diameter of 11 meters, a team of four builders enough for two days. Then frame sheathe (High applied for this ADI), insulated, roof. And ready — you can start the interior decoration.
If ordered the construction of the house professionals will come cheap: about $ 640 per square meter. But it is possible to build a dome individually or order a ready-made set of beams and joints and collect himself — as a children’s designer.
Winter — warm, summer — cool
View from inside
"The owners of the house is now in India — they are several years now leave for the winter in Goa", — says Roman. But the left, according to the builders, not because it is cold in the house. "I spent the winter here — were engaged in interior decoration — says the engineer Alexander Poplawski. — Claus, you may recall, was not the Crimea — a whole week to minus 30. And the house was warm — we even did not include the boiler, lacked air conditioning." In the coldest month on electricity, which is heated house, spent about 300 hryvnia. For a home with a living area of over 150 square meters — a little bit.
"Saving is obtained due to the shape of the building, — says Alexander. — The heat escapes through the walls because the smaller the walls — the lower the loss. Our house — it’s half of the ball, and the ball, as you know — is a body with a maximum capacity for minimal surface area. "
"This house was the first one that we have built on this technology — is included in the conversation, Sasha’s father, the chief project engineer Anatoly Poplawski. — So something had to remodel, learn from your mistakes and build a little delayed. General, a dome of the foundation to the interior, built in 6 months. On the construction of this house worked 4 people. Youngsters. crane to the site is not even called in — all by hand. "
Dome House in the High — not only in the Crimea. A few more similar buildings built in Sevastopol, but there owners do not hire architects and work for yourself. "But we have customers were found in the Carpathians — the ski resort of Bukovel, — says Roman Bogdashko. — There among the mini-hotel is very competitive, and our customers expect that the unusual shape of the building will attract customers. Actually dome homes for the future: in the United States Canada and adjacent to such technology built hundred buildings. Some of them are already more than 60 years. "
Tall with a nine-hemisphere can be built without a construction crane. Thanks to a streamlined aerodynamic shape of the dome is well maintained storms and hurricanes. Geodesic domes are actively used in the construction of stadiums, conservatories, planetarium, hangars and warehouses. But the houses of this form are less popular: their main disadvantage — a complex and fairly expensive interior.
And the stadium, and the house and greenhouse
The geodesic dome — a spherical structure, but collect it, oddly enough, of straight beams. They form a rounded shell, like a big net, which is sufficiently robust framework for the structure. The round shape is due to the fact that the connection points of converging beams of different lengths.
The main advantage of such buildings — high load bearing capacity. It is believed that more than a hemisphere, so it is more durable since the load is distributed over a greater number of beams.
One of the symbols of the Canadian inventor of the geodesic dome designed by Richard Fuller. "Biosphere" was built in 1967 — the international exhibition "Expo 67." In the dome, which is divided into seven floors, put American exposure.
The "Garden of Eden"
Under the multi-domed greenhouse in the south-west of the UK is a huge botanical garden. There’s an area of 22,000 square meters of plants collected from around the world. It is actually two giant greenhouse. In one of them (55 m in height, 100 m wide and 240 m long) created under the domes same conditions as in wet equatorial forest. Second greenhouse (35 m in height, 65 m in width and 135 m in length) recreated Mediterranean climate conditions.
Dome "spaceship Earth"
This is one of the attractions of "Disneyland" in Florida. The height of it 18? Storey building. Tour, which lasts a little over 10 minutes, tells visitors the story of the birth of our planet Earth to our time. Especially beautiful dome "Starship" in the night illumination.
The largest geodesic dome in the world, built in 1997, reaches 188 meters in diameter. It is located in the Japanese city of Nagoya. Height of the building 67 meters. The dome — is the roof of the stadium, capable of holding 40,000 people.
World of Science "Telus"
This geodesic dome in the Canadian city of Vancouver — Expo Center, where many exhibits of scientific discovery and a huge museum, designed for children and youth.
The first geodesic dome designed by the American architect and inventor Richard Buckminster Fuller in 1951. These designs have brought international recognition scientist. The design intrigued him because of its light weight with a large interior space. Fuller hoped that the spherical structure will help to solve the post-war housing shortage.
In 1985, deposits of rocks older than 250 million years, geologists have discovered carbon molecules are represented by a structure that is very similar to Fuller’s geodesic dome. In honor of the scientist in this form of carb
on called fullerenes.
Richard Fuller gave the world a lot of ideas in the construction, transportation and many other areas. However, the main goal — to build a flying residential complexes — remained unfulfilled. Fuller was going to make the building as a giant geodesic spheres and lift them off the ground by the heated air. This project Fuller called the "Ninth Heaven." Who knows, maybe someday the idea of the inventor-dreamer will find a talented successor, who will be able to bring the case before the end of the American?