Innovation is associated with the manifestation of various types of terrorist and military threats are being introduced with difficulty in organizing security against attacks, both civilian and military infrastructure of Russia, located on the shores of the seas and oceans.
Shock-winged bomber "Lun" development CDB "Alexeyev." Photo from kvisaz.ru
Especially, it concerns infrastructure located on the shores of remote and inaccessible regions of the Far North and the Far East of Russia, who may have been exposed to the power and submarine resources potential enemy. In Soviet times, around the perimeter of the maritime borders of the USSR functioned monitoring surface and underwater conditions, which provided resistance to surface and underwater potential enemy aggression.
Recent exercises in which of the 11 cruise missiles, which was carried out a simulated enemy attack, was destroyed only 9 shows that a 100% chance of safety of the population and the territory of Russia — is absent. In addition, the United States put into production a series of ship JHSV-3 Millinocket and launched several high-speed multi-purpose amphibious assault ships, catamarans, which are designed for amphibious landings and terrain to it in remote regions of the planet.
High-speed catamaran transport ship USNS Spearhead (JHSV-1). Source: gcaptain.com
The conclusion is that at the present time, the need for innovation to ensure the safety of the northern and far eastern coastal areas of Russia from attacks by the enemy — is particularly relevant. Especially, it comes to innovation, that may be involved in repelling attacks with surface ships and submarines, secretly entered the surface and underwater Barents, Kara, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. Now reflection attack and defense against the attacks of the enemy population on the shores of the seas is in question. Moreover, even the existing coastal infrastructure, space and means of detecting submarines with nuclear missiles on board are not able to respond to emerging threats because of outdated electronic intelligence systems, radar and sonar equipment, as well as the lack of effective means of high-speed marine combat and support.
Many of the analysts in the use of means of combating the sea lanes is of interest to use innovation to create designs of ships with a small area of the waterline, WIG and aerodynamic ground for construction on the basis of their warships for various purposes.
The state, methods, and fields of application of innovation and revival of the security of the population and infrastructure of the coastal areas of Russian power impact a potential enemy of the sea areas of the Organizing Committee chairman says Russian amphibious, amphibious flagship captain Peter Khomutovskiy.
The provisions of the Maritime Doctrine, plans and programs of the President and the Government of Russia, as well as the requirements of the new edition of the "Strategy of development of maritime activities to Russia in 2030" provide for the widespread introduction of innovations aimed at creating a "unified state system of surface and underwater lighting situation." However, the task of monitoring the surface and underwater conditions waters 200-mile offshore zone and the general picture of the Russian national security from the sea looks like now — depressing. Largely due to the fact that the system of organization of sea service, in which the Baltic, Northern, Pacific and Black Sea fleets and the Caspian flotilla entered in the respective military districts. This innovation provides a short voyage on the job points naval base in the interest of ground operations of the Army. The only exceptions are occasional long-distance hiking Russian Navy ships to "fight" against piracy. In such conditions, the availability of forces and means of the fleet and naval aviation are not physically able to ensure the safety of the population and the territory of Russia, as they are bound to a "bank", and their communication and supply points in Russia and abroad are either not available or are under the influence of the enemy firepower.
The recent decision of the President of Russia and the creation of a permanent basing operational squadron of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean, although far-reaching step, but it does not solve a lot of naval problems that significantly affect the safety of the coastal regions of Russia.
The situation with the introduction of innovative new products to the Russian Navy is alarming not only to the people who know and understand naval problems, but also the people who are associated with the fleet in terms of its technical support and scientific support. Especially, it concerns nuclear submarine nuclear deterrent — the basis of parity and the nuclear balance between the main adversaries in the "cold war", which, unfortunately, did not end with the collapse of the USSR, and begins to roll out a new round of military confrontation. Information that is from various sources suggests that in the case of world conflict almost all of the nuclear submarines of the Russian Navy may be destroyed on patrol routes in the world’s oceans to launch their missiles and submarines and surface ships, aircraft carrier battle groups of the enemy, on the contrary, will receive full freedom of action due to the lack of adequate resistance from the Russian Navy.
Conclusion very comforting and understanding of the problem requires not only for Russian Navy commander, but also those areas of the military-industrial complex of Russia and Marine Research Committee of the Russian Navy, who allowed such a miscalculation in providing technical equipment of the fleet, which ensures not only the survival of the crew submarines and surface ships, but also to win the competition with the enemy in the vast seas and oceans.
Available information that makes clear understanding of the fleet, regardless of the degree of secrecy, shows that the root of all evil is the current Russian fleet in disrupting the application of innovation in this important area as mobile offshore topside facilities passive sonar, and signals intelligence vector-phase receivers.
Commander of the Navy does not intend to, and the Marine Science Committee has not yet been introduced innovations in the development of effective means of long-distance offshore topside passive electronic reconnaissance and underwater sonar for monitoring surface and anti-submarine forces likely opponent.
The sad fate of the submarine "Kursk" is a reminder that the problem of surface and underwater monitoring the situation in the waters of the teachings of the fleet was sverhaktualnoy decades ago, and the lack of attention to this kind of combat training of the Navy General Headquarters of the Russian Navy has led to uncontrolled foreign voyages of nuclear submarines in coastal waters Russia. Some time ago, probably in jest than seriously when dealing with one of the famous Russian submariners, Rear Admiral Apanasenko I discussed the implementation of the Navy innovation-based WIG Eaglet or Lun. The idea is to install on board winged Harrier:
- station long-range passive electronic intelligence such as "Kolchuga"
- anti-aircraft missile installations of the "Tor-1M"
- installation aboard the winged sonar system
- Station setup mode and underwater signal processing paths
- set of vector-phase hydrophone (WFD)
- installation depth charges
The Soviet missile winged Ave 903 "Lun" — a killer of aircraft carriers Source: Foreign Policy
Thus, it will create a mobile sea surface complex long-range passive electronic surveillance, monitoring and anti-submarine under the name "Sea Crown". The winged type Eaglet or Lun, Tor-1m and Mail Station — is commercially available product.
The winged, Tor-1M, Mail and sonar WFH in the "one glass" — cool — a reaction of rear admiral Apanasenko.
This complex will have a huge rate of displacement of the water area is not comparable to the speed of conventional ships and submarines. Also, it will reduce to almost zero impact means all benefits provided on the basis of "stealth" and will raise the potential of detecting submarines, as well as vector-phase hydrophone sonar antenna absorbs the spatial interference from the excitement of the sea, and increases the probability of detecting enemy submarines at times at great distances from the shore.
On ekranoplans now writes and speaks a lot, but so far progress in the design and construction of the airfoil is not happening. It is known that the ground effect — is to increase load-bearing properties of the wing aircraft flying at low altitudes due to the influence of the reaction surface of the land or water. From his first encounter manifestation pilots during landing in the vicinity of the earth. Piloting the aircraft was complicated, and the higher it glide plane, the more affected the action screen effect. The efforts of pilots and aircraft designers to eliminate ground effect led to the fact that the use of this phenomenon are interested creators of high-speed vessels.
The use of ground effect led to a special offshore ships — WIG, which were more profitable in terms of comparability of seaplanes take off weight and payload. Studies have shown that the motion of the water WIG possible with fewer motors and less fuel consumption than a comparable seaplane. In addition to taking off from the water WIG not need expensive airports, leading out of the vast areas of land. The advantage over conventional winged pontoon at a rate which is 4-6 times more than the ship’s smaller in size and crew.
However, the most promising is the use of airfoil as carriers of offensive weapons and means of long-distance overwater passive electronic reconnaissance and underwater sonar monitoring. Because, above listed advantages joins stealth WIG. Driving at a height of several meters, winged difficult to detect visually or by radar, which allows the application of unexpected blows to the enemy, while remaining low vulnerability to return fire. If we add maneuverability, a large capacity, long range, resistance to battle damage — the fleet will nearly ideal vehicle not only for landing and support of amphibious assault, but far above the water and passive electronic reconnaissance and underwater sonar monitoring in the waters of the seas and oceans.
Due to certain reasons — such a promising industrial innovation, like WIG Eaglet and Lun, both as a shock warship and support ships — the Navy did not take root in many ways. One of them — the naval theorists have not been able to develop the use of naval innovation to deal with the potential enemy in the sea and ocean communications.
The winged Harrier, as a high-speed transport and launch platform for supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles ZM80 complex "Mosquito" developed "Raduga" with the power of broadside — 6 launchers container type — comparable to a volley of missile cruisers and surpasses it, not only by the speed of movement 10 times, but has the advantage in maneuverability and stealth. Another important factor is that the cost of construction and operation of the winged Harrier much less. For your own protection winged Harrier must be equipped with anti-aircraft missiles (SAMs), "Thor", which has a modification, "Tor-M1", "Tor-M2". They are designed to destroy air targets are not recognized by the system, "the — another" at a distance of 12 km and a height of up to 6 km.
AAMS "Tor-MU" Source: Military Review
The station passive electronic intelligence "Mail" is made by "Topaz" in Donetsk (Ukraine). Hands-free campaign this station was set up by U.S. State Department more than 10 years ago. Any anti-aircraft missile system, a ship or a plane of invisibility are similar in that they all come with their own traditional locators.
Their signals and uses the station "Mail", while remaining invisible. The set includes three cars. Separated by removing significant from one another during the synchronous operation, and together they define the exact position of the target. This data can be sent air defense — to destroy the enemy. One may alter the shape of any specimen military equipment (such as is done in U.S. planes F-117 and B-2 to an output from the reflected radar active opponent scattered in different directions, substantially without returning in the opposite direction, or applied this sample a variety of absorbing coatings, the energy of the same signal was transformed into heat, but not a single example of modern military technology can not exist without its own radar. Without the antenna operating in the emission, it is not able to perform combat missions to destroy enemy hardware. Therefore on board each ship, aircraft, as well as in the ground air defense systems always have the means of active radar. in combat missions, these funds necessarily work and emit radio signals. Moreover, for each type of equipment such signals in their parameters are different from the signals of other types of military art, and consequently, combat means, on whose board emitted radar set can be recognized.
The traditional principle of radar is that it generates an electromagnetic pulse that is reflected from the object and "grasped" at the reception. But with such a principle, the irradiated target at once defines "surveillance". "Mail" works differently. Its principle — the capture and analysis of electrical signals that give off the objects themselves. Regardless of where they are located — on land, on water or in the air. The station "Mail" specifies the number, direction of travel on enemy radar sites in a strip along the front of up to 1,000 km at ranges of up to 600 km (the "far" zone) and up to 200 km (the "near" zone). The station is equipped with a four-meter antenna systems for the surveillance of stealth aircraft type, UHF and microwave range with a narrow beam patterns to control the "far" zone, and with a broad pattern — for the control of the "near" zone.
Sonar system and station mode and signal processing paths, as well as vector-phase hydrophone (WFD) to detect and classify underwater targets at all depths down to 1,000 m
The use of naval innovation is — WIG-media station long-range passive electronic intelligence such as "Mail", anti-aircraft missile launcher, sonar system and station mode and underwater signal processing paths, and vector-hydrophone phase, as well as the depth charges — will create a mobile marine surface complex long-range passive electronic reconnaissance, anti-submarine monitoring and titled "Sea Crown".