Mars landing module European Beagle 2

On Mars, landed safely European science module «Beagle 2». The device has reached the surface of the planet in the estimated time.
For the whole program «Mars Express» next few hours are critical, the module «Beagle 2» should automatically deploy their equipment and send the first signal to Earth.

The device has reached the surface of the planet in the estimated time. Mission Control Centre of the European Space Agency through the U.S. communications satellite has received the first signal from the module.
For the whole program «Mars Express» next few hours are critical, the module «Beagle 2» should automatically deploy their equipment and send the first signal to Earth.
As head of the mission, Michael McKay, braking maneuver and enter into orbit around Mars has been carried out with a deviation of only a few seconds from the calculated time — 6:26 MSK. After the release of AMC’s «Mars Express» because of the rotation of Mars and the main antenna in the direction of the Earth, said the scientist, will begin transmission of telemetry data and refinement of the parameters of the orbit. The European mission to Mars, said Michael McKay, runs «successfully and according to plan.»
Russian scientists are involved in most of the experiments planned to conduct on the surface of Mars by an automatic research module «Beagle 2». This official said the Russian Aerospace Agency. «Knots many instruments on the European interplanetary station» Mars Express «- for example, a scanner,» Omega «, the spectrometer instrument» Speke «made in Russia, so the evaluation of the results of studies of Martian sure our experts will take part,» — said the representative of the agency . In orbit, «Mars Express» was launched by Russian carrier rocket «Soyuz» with the upper stage «Fregat». Separation from the automatic interplanetary station module «Beagle 2» took place on December 19.
The main objective of the mission «Mars — Express» — find subsurface water, an analysis of the geological structure of the «Red Planet», as well as comprehensive climate research. Scientific instruments «Mars Express» allows to map areas with a resolution of up to 20 m, particularly interesting from the point of view of the evolution of the Martian surface. Using spectrometers, «Omega» will be studied the mineral composition of the surface sediments and the search and determine the depth of the permafrost at different latitudes of Mars. With the long-wavelength radar «Marsis» scientists can find out the thickness of the polar caps, to study the composition and structure of the atmosphere.
Monitoring of the solar wind interaction with the atmosphere and study the upper atmosphere of Mars will be conducted with the help of plasma analyzers «Aspera» and «Speke.» Moreover, a descent device «Beagle 2» is set manipulator complex devices allowing to determine the composition and properties of the soil in a landing and a set of sensors for meteorological.
Meanwhile, according to a leading expert on the «Red Planet», the chairman of the German Society of Martian Markus Landgraf, biological life on Mars possible. From the point of view of the scientist, the bacteria are able to survive even in the Martian climate, in the absence of oxygen, and the average annual temperature below minus 50 degrees Celsius. Scientific studies in recent years, said Markus Landgraf confirmed that living organisms are able to adapt to the most extreme conditions. In particular, the biological life forms found in various hot thermal waters under the ice sheet of Antarctica, in conditions of high radiation.
The greatest threat to biological life on Mars, said Professor Landgraf, is an ultra-violet radiation from the effects of which the Earth is protected by its ozone layer. However, he said, the bacteria can survive by hiding under a thick layer of ice or entering into organic compounds with the rock. Professor Landgraf does not exclude «interplanetary exchange,» the various forms of life. «We collect meteorites falling to Earth from the Martian rock, — he said. — And on Mars, of course, you can find the stones of the earth.» Bacteria convinced scientist, it can survive space travel. In this regard, said Professor Markus Landgraf life on Mars, «one can imagine.»
European interplanetary station «Mars Express» was launched July 2 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on a Russian carrier rocket «Soyuz» with the upper stage «Fregat». Automatic science module «Beagle 2» separated from the station on December 19. The first results of the «red planet» can be obtained within two weeks. «Beagle» will conduct a study of the soil and the atmosphere within six months.
According to the materials of ITAR-TASS and RIA «Novosti».

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