Maybe in a few minutes you will enter the subway, pull out your ticket and hand it turnstile, the electronic brain of your card with you to deduct one trip. Category Popular Science visited the unique Russian production of processors in Zelenograd, which invented and collected brains of all our cards: banking, transportation, border crossing.
Before we let our crew to the Holy of Holies in the "clean room" where the Russian manufactured processors, they are the same "brains" of our cards and passports. We were asked to wipe everything off with alcohol and put on overalls, made of non-conducting resistant to chemical reagents dust-repellent fabric. Costumes give out strictly in size. The mask is worn under the hood hat, some gloves — for others. Not a single speck of dust should not sit on the new chip. People in these costumes in the "clean room" to enter in a certain way: they do not have to make any sudden movements that move too quickly, waving his arms and legs — all this gives an extra particle generation.
The air in the clean room completely changed 30 times per hour, so here is 27 times cleaner than an operating room. Under the clean rooms and above the entire floors are equipped with air conditioning and tubes on which the shop receives different liquids. All equipment Zelenograd chip plant it somewhere $ 1 billion.
If you go to the most expensive section — section of photolithography, which actually is printing microarrays, each unit is worth 10 or 20 million dollars. Expensive? It just seems like we are talking about providing chips all over Russia.
Zelenograd was a response to the U.S. Silicon Valley. The response was brilliant, which for less facility was established Micron and Angstrom — the main centers for the production of silicon chips, "- says Jaures Alferov, the presidential candidate of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Zelenograd that He came to give a lecture for young scientists, and spoke of that if it were not for the collapse of the USSR, this plant could produce the most advanced smartphones and tablets. however, that for the chips to the civilian sector, there is no lag.
Our "card Muscovite", but rather a universal electronic card processor, which in its "hidden", is recognized as one of the most protected. The chip has been sent for certification to the European laboratory, where six months he tried to hack and programs, and physical methods hacking, reading memory directly probes. However, do not work. In addition, the production of Zelenograd reach minimum civilian chip — 90 nm. Look how hard it is made that way then just simply works.
Microelectronics in our time is the most capital-and knowledge-intensive industry. It employs a total of 20 countries. Processor — is the brain of any device, so basically produce them in Russia. The possession of such technologies — this is not just a political moment, but also great prospects for the future. To date, the agenda is already on the establishment of personal robots that will do the work of man.
Processors manufactured at the Russian factory "Micron" in Zelenograd
Next, look photo essay Russian production of chips in the factory "Micron" in Zelenograd.
Heat treatment furnace:
SMIF-containers can carry only two hands. Watch for intruders.
Control plates of the optical microscope. At Micron itself is and electron microscopes — but we did not get it.
On the 3rd floor — the technical infrastructure to support the work of the clean room — clean water and gas, distribution of reagents.
Outcome of — 200mm plate with chips, in this case — for transport cards. It remains only to test, cut, and roll in plastic.
If you have not seen the new RFID chip for Metro tickets, designed and manufactured by Micron — looks like this: