Moscow forest parks and nature reserves will soon switch to alternative energy. Evenings will cover the alleys are not ordinary lights, and modern — a solar and wind generators. The equipment is already installed on the Sparrow Hills and the valley of the river Syetun.
While outlandish for the capital construction — hybrid wind turbine and solar panel. Each such plant produces at least 250 watts. Alternative energy is enough to at night, visitors to the park in the valley Syetun walked along a well-lit paths. On Sparrow Hills, where the vegetation is much thicker, autonomous installations was not enough. Entire roof of the solar modules are located high above the ground. However, each of these feeds at once fifty lights.
"At the initial stage of attachment, probably by 40 percent to 50 solar power, it is more expensive, but after six or seven years, begins to make a profit, because you almost have nothing to pay," — says Anton Kulbachevsky, head of the Moscow Department of Natural Resources.
And never mind that the Muscovites sun shines no more than a hundred days a year. It turns out that the name "solar cell", in fact, has long lost its meaning. Modern panel should have been called light. At the heart of silicon solar cells. In order to collect energy, bright rays they are not mandatory, it is enough ordinary daylight.
"There is only a small problem is now solved, how best to make: whether small heating — on the panel snow falls in winter, sometimes until manually scraped off, but in general the idea is to cover plenochkoy with heating elements, so that the snow melts itself," — says Andrei Fetisov, chief specialist of the management of protected areas for improvement ZAO Moscow.
Traffic lights — one more experiment. They also feed on sunlight. Constantly blinking amber — a warning signal that the unregulated pedestrian crossing ahead.
"The construction of a full traffic light object associated with the laying of communications. Reveals the canvas, laid pipes, cables, that is it is quite a long and costly exercise. So as a quick and affordable way to solve the problem of road traffic accidents, it was decided to equip them with traffic lights T7" — said Alexander Popov, deputy head of the service operation center of traffic in Moscow.
And yet, if the sky is overcast for more than four days, solar energy count risky. In case of prolonged bad weather, construction of a backup reserve, diesel generator. But as long as the traffic lights are working in a test mode, they decided to just turn off the afternoon to guarantee enough power for the most dangerous dark.
Five solar area slightly less than a half square meters provide free internet almost all the Izmailovo Park. They are powered Wi-Fi-router operation mode is laid by nature. In winter, when the sun, and at the same time and visitors with laptops smaller network is just a couple of hours. Summer — the whole day.
"In this case, it is a very low-power panel, it was not supposed to be powerful, to support the livelihoods of the device, which is comparable with the computer. To me, this whole thing for Moscow is rather a educational and educational value than energy. Very long time savings from these solar panels will be visible in the economy of such a large city like Moscow, "- said Alexander Ginzburg, Deputy Director, Institute of Atmospheric Physics. Obukhov RAS.
Making the Sun to serve the idea of energy conservation today trying almost every Russian region. In Astrakhan steppes of solar powered refrigerators and TVs in yurts. In Nizhny Novgorod region modules installed on the roof of the children’s hospital. And in Murmansk on alternative energy work spotlights lighthouses. In the capital, with the massive construction of smart homes are in no hurry.
In addition to fully translate the infrastructure for alternative power sources, Moscow has clearly not ready. Too many people at the solar panel: snow, mud, and unfortunately, the Vandals — they have all the technical innovations increasing interest. But to give up that, in the truest sense of the word falls from the sky, it would be silly. So the plans for the near future — powered by the heavenly body board with the schedule at the bus stops, surveillance cameras and weather sensors.