Tatiana Birshtein, Russia’s only winner of the international award «For Women in Science»
It’s no secret that the world of science men much more than women. And the statistics confirms this. For example, among students studying science subjects — only 30% of women among academic staff — 29% of the Nobel Prize -2.9%. Too little and unfair. How to change the current situation, how to encourage women to scientific feats? Acting on their own. So believe in "L’Oreal" and the organization of UNESCO, which jointly established the program "Women in Science". It was established in 1998 and comprises three areas.
The first of these — International Prize «For Women in Science», which is annually awarded in Paris, five outstanding women scientists from different parts of the world. So far the only winner of this prestigious award from Russia (in the category of "Europe") was a professor at the St. Petersburg Institute of macromolecular components of the RAS Tatiana Birshtein. In 2007, she was presented with the award for research in the field of statistical physics of polymers and for active teaching at the Faculty of Physics, St. Petersburg University.
The second direction of the program — international scholarship for young women scientists. She was also awarded each year in Paris, the fifteen most successful representatives of the various countries of the world. Last year, for the first time in the history of the award of scholarships was the owners of Russian woman — an employee of the Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Moscow State University. MV Lomonosov Tatiana Lopatin, for the success of stem cell research. Today, Tatiana is on probation in Italy — in Molecular Biotechnology Center of the University of Turin, but organizers hope premiums, then return to Russia — to raise domestic science.
The third area of the program "Women in Science" — presentation National Award "For Women in Science". Today, this prize is awarded in 47 countries around the world. In 2007 she came to Russia.
According to the contest contenders for scholarships may be women scientists, PhD at the age of 35 years, working in the Russian scientific institutes and universities in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine and biology. The selection criteria stipendiatok: scientific significance of the candidate, the practical usefulness and feasibility of the proposed project to the jury, as well as candidate’s desire to continue a career in science in Russia. In the first year scholarships were awarded to five young women scientists, and since 2008 scholarship is presented annually to the ten already.
— Science has always been at the heart of "L’Oreal". The lack of women in high positions of research is not only unfair, but also harms the science itself — said at the awards ceremony this year, Claudio Kavikoli, general director of "L’Oreal" in Russia. That’s why for the past 14 years, "L’Oreal" and UNESCO are working together to talk about outstanding women scientists who contribute to the advancement of humanity, and also serve as an example for the younger generations. The size of each grant is 400,000 rubles.
— No one is born a scientist and researcher. They are thanks to the passion for knowledge and hard work. I hope that the scholarship will be given to the younger generations the knowledge, experience and intellectual values, thereby continuing the scientific journey of humanity to progress — concluded Claudio Kavikoli. And this is the right words — because despite his youth, in addition to scientific research, many scholarship student (and all of them, as has been said above, up to 35 years) are actively teaching, supervising undergraduate science, are the leaders of the graduation projects.
Georges Shishmanov, general secretary of the "L’Oreal" in Russia, said that during the existence of its award winners were 55 (taking into account the winners of this year — 65) of young women scientists. It is gratifying to note that they all continue to do science. Particularly, he said the representative of the Krasnoyarsk Scientific Catherine Shishatskaya. In 2009, she won a national scholarship for young women scientists, "L’Oreal" — UNESCO and by the end of the same year was awarded the prize of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of Science and Innovation for Young Scientists. According to Georges Shishmanova, the main evidence of the success of the award "For Women in Science" — the number of applications, which is fed to receive it — more than 400 per year.
From the moment of its existence, UNESCO worked hard to provide equal opportunities in education, science and culture of all peoples of the earth, regardless of race, gender and socio-economic status, said Badarch Dendev, Head of the UNESCO Office in Moscow. And in this regard Award of particular importance.
— Today we have the opportunity to see how well can combine beauty, youth and knowledge — said Badarch dandy. He also quoted the words of Tatiana Birshtein she said at the presentation of an international award «For Women in Science» in 2007: "Science is a science, it is not a male or female."
Catherine Shishatskaya, Award winner for young women scientists in 2009, admitted that this award has changed her life, she proved that women can work in science is not worse than men. After this momentous event it ceased to give up those opportunities and offers that she received — to believe in themselves and decided to apply for the award of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of science and innovation in 2009. Now the awarding her the prize "L’Oreal" — UNESCO and the Presidential Award — the milestones in her life.
— I was the first young woman scientist, who came to the Kremlin and received an award from the President of the Russian Federation, I am very proud of, — Catherine shared. — You do not need to give up the opportunities that gives you the prize "For Women in Science". You are very lucky, you have the best. You will succeed! — Catherine admonished Shishatskaya stipendiatok this year.
The Jury was very personable, it was attended by leading scientists, said its chairman, Alexei Khokhlov. At the very Alexei Khokhlov — positions and titles to count. It — Professor, Vice Chancellor and Chair of Polymer and Crystal Physics Department of Moscow State University. University, academician, member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a member of the European Academy, the winner of the State Prize of the Russian Federation. The jury also includes Tatiana Birshtein (which we have presented above), Academician Mikhail Egorov, Director of the Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences; Evgeny Dianov, Academician-Secretary of the Section of Materials Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Olga Doncova, head of the Department of Chemistry and Professor of Sophia Georgieva, the Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Nedospasov, Head of the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University. Of the 400 applications the jury selected 30 — rated contenders citing works in the database «Web of Science». Then, on the basis of expert judgment, "weed out" 20 states. So, this year’s winners of the national award "L’Oreal" — UNESCO "For Women in Science" are:
Elena Babaylova, Novosibirsk, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine of
the Russian Academy of Sciences. Junior researcher at the Laboratory of the structure and function of ribosomes. In 2009 she defended her thesis for the degree of Candidate of Sciences — "Molecular environment IRES-cell hepatitis C virus RNA in the 40S ribosomal subunit of man." The main result of this work — the discovery of the key role of ribosomal proteins in the formation of the IRES-binding site element of the virus on the small ribosomal subunit. Elena is conducting research, the results of which can be used to develop innovative antiviral agents.
Georges Shishmanov presents the award to Elena Babaylovoy
Elena Gryzlov, Moscow, Scientific-Research Institute of Nuclear Physics. DV Skobel’tsyn MSU. MV University. Senior Research Fellow. Investigated the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter, in 2005, on the basis of her PhD research. Today, Elena is studying various aspects of the interaction of intense radiation with polychromatic small quantum systems (atoms, molecules, and others). Studies have mainly focused on the experimental conditions implemented on the free-electron lasers (LCLS, USA; XFEL, Germany; SCSS, Japan; FERMI, Italy).
— The award of this level means a lot, especially for young scientists, as it is very important to know — what are you doing, someone needs, — Helen said Gryzlov at the awards ceremony. — And the awareness of the importance of what I do, my students passed as a recognition of my work — the stimulus, encouragement for young people, recognition for the whole team, and it will certainly make young scientists to work more intensively.
Ekaterina Kovalenko (Mainicheva), Novosibirsk, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry. AV Nikolaev RAS. In 2008 she defended her thesis. Catherine’s research interests involve the creation of supramolecular and nano-based mono-and polynuclear metal complexes and organic macrocyclic ligands. And also — to the study of the structure of metal — by encapsulating them in a molecular containers. As commented achieve Catherine Alexei Khokhlov, it is developing a system to store and gas separation, which is "on the edge of modern science."
Tatyana Komarova, Moscow, Research Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology. Belozersky MSU. University. Researcher. In 2006 she defended her thesis on "Virology". Studying the role of cell-cell and nuclear-cytoplasmic transport of macromolecules in the bacterial and viral pathogenesis of plants. The patterns of interaction of viruses and bacteria with the host cell enabled the development of a biotechnology platform for the efficient production of vaccines and anti-cancer antibodies in plants.
Julia Nelyubina, Moscow, Institute of organometallic compounds them. AN INEOS RAS. Senior Research Fellow. In 2009, a year after graduation, she defended her thesis on "physical chemistry". Research interests involve the development of Yulia new approach to studying the nature of intermolecular interactions — on the basis of precision X-ray diffraction studies of electron density distribution of crystals with multiple independent molecules in the unit cell and polymorphs. "In fact, Julia Nelyubina developed a new approach to analyzing X-ray data. At its heart — mathematics, and it is absolutely trivial "- a comment Alexei Khokhlov.
Love Osminkina, Moscow, Physics Department of Moscow State University. MV University. In 2004 she defended her thesis on "Physics of Semiconductors," and became the candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. Assistant, Department of General Physics and Molecular Electronics. Engaged in production and investigation of the structural, physical and chemical properties of silicon nanoparticles. Takes part in pioneering works that show promising use of silicon particles in biomedicine, in particular for the treatment of cancer. In her studies have shown the destruction of cancer cells by the combined action of silicon nanoparticles and ultrasound in the in-vitro. A number of successful experiments, begun preclinical testing of drugs silicon nanoparticles. The patent of the Russian Federation "A method of enhancing the action of ultrasound hyperthermia in the treatment of tumor tissue through the use of silicon nanoclusters." First proved protvovirusnoe effect of silicon nanoparticles with respect to such dangerous viruses such as HIV and RSV.
Rakitin Daria, Moscow, Department of Biology of Moscow State University. MV University. Researcher at the Department of Virology. The main direction of scientific activity — the study of plant biochemical activity of the nucleus and nucleolus in-vitro, as well as a variety of proteins of plant viruses. Forthcoming paper devoted to the structure and RNA binding activity of the protein cells of Cajal — coilin. In 2011 for the first time demonstrated the ability of the protein to bind fibrillarin nucleolar RNAs. Localized regions of the protein that provide this activity. Both of the above proteins play a significant role in the development of viral infections in plants and are involved in key processes of cell activity. Formulated a new model of transport of viruses in plants.
— Today, four representatives of the Moscow State University have received this high award, — Says Daria. — This is proof that, coming into the team at the University, a woman does not feel the pressure does not feel "oppressed minority" can work there. Of course, in senior scientific positions women are not so much as desired, but if you want to achieve something, you can do it. MSU provides the opportunity.
Svetlana Romanenko, Novosibirsk, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 2008 she defended her thesis. Researcher cytogenetics laboratory animals. Svetlana’s research interests are focused in the field of comparative cytogenetics and associated with the transformation of the karyotypes of rodents in the course of evolution. Repeatedly became the winner of the contest for young scientists for the best work of students in higher education institutions of the Russian Federation in 2004, the award Lavrentiev Competition of youth projects in 2006, by a grant from the National Science Support Program "The best graduates of Sciences" in 2007, the grant of the President of the Russian Federation for state poderzhkoy young Russian scientists in 2009.
— You have given us a story! — Said Svetlana Romanenko, referring to the founders of the award "For Women in Science" — members of the "L’Oreal" and UNESCO.
Anna Sokolenko, St. Petersburg, Cancer Research Institute. NN Petrov. In 2009 she defended her thesis in the field of "Oncology" and "genetics". Researcher, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Oncology. NN Petrova, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Genetics, St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical Academy. As a member of the joint Russian-German project on probation at the Laboratory of Genetics of tumors German Centre for Research on Cancer. Anna specializes in molecular oncology, molecular pathogenesis of human tumors, the molecular basis of cancer predisposition, the development of molecular diagnostics in oncology. The main area of research — the search for new genes for inherited breast cancer.
Jeanne Shatilina, Irkutsk, Research Institute of Biology VPO &q
uot;ISU". In 2005 she defended her thesis on "The influence of abiotic stress factors on the content of the synthesis and activity of a number of stress proteins in the Baikal and Palearctic amphipods" (specialty "Hydrobiology"). Leading researcher "Problems of adaptation of biological systems." Joan’s research interests are in the study of the mechanisms of stress adaptation Baikal organisms, including heat shock proteins, antioxidant enzymes, etc.
At the end of the ceremony of its leading Svetlana Sorokina led two quotes Maria Sklodowska-Curie. The first of them: "Science is the basis of all progress, facilitate human life and reduce his suffering." The second: "I am one of those who believe in the beauty of the great science. A scientist in his laboratory — not only a specialist, it is also a child standing in front of the natural phenomena that hit him like a fairy tale. We should be able to tell others about these feelings. "
— So you are telling. Do you believe it. Because your example and your experience will help other young women to climb the steps of the research. You are only at the very beginning of his scientific career, — Summarized Svetlana Sorokina.
Photo by the author.
Author: Sergey Smirnov