On the eve of the opening of the Moscow International Aviation and Space Salon reporter "NVO" Viktor Myasnikov met with the chief designer of the Moscow Helicopter Plant. Mil Alexei Gavriilovich Samusenko. He spoke about the new samples of helicopters that businesses holding "Helicopters of Russia" will present at the MAKS-2011.
— Alex Gavriilovich will show whether your business is at the MAKS some new projects, and maybe even new cars?
— New helicopters — those that the general public has not yet been submitted. During the show, we show you some of these devices. First — it’s light helicopter Mi-34C1 — deep modernization of the actually Mi-34C. The changes were made contours, shapes glazing, control systems, the introduction of the hydraulic system, the new motor. New features and improvements should, in our opinion, give this unique car commercial appeal. The purpose of the new light helicopter — initial pilot training. Now the machine will be more comfortable for both instructor pilot, and for the Air Force cadet. I believe that the Russian athletes helicopter also appreciate the improvement of basic systems and components of cars.
Developers helicopter "Mi" will present at the MAKS five new cars
The order book of the corporation "Fazotron-NIIR" — more than $ 500 million
Also will be on display at the MAKS first and second prototypes of the average multi-purpose helicopter Mi-38. The next car we did last year, and the main difference of this helicopter is that it is fitted Russian engines designed by OKB "Klimov" TV7-117V. Machine with an auxiliary power unit APU TA-14 is also the national developer — CB "Aerosil". We have applied it to the helicopter to improve engine starting, as well as for comfort in a land-based. For large and sub-zero temperatures at the positive power plant will provide additional energy to the ground heating system, air conditioning system, as well as a means of loading and unloading. Practice shows that operators of helicopters and require support such innovations, especially where the airfield services is problematic. Mi-38 received third auxiliary hydraulic system, which provides convenience for the organization handling — changes clearance, changing the position of the ramp for roll technique. As a result of on-board mechanization gained power unit that consumes less fuel, and can work around the clock, there is not much noise and exhaust emissions.
And yet another innovation that we have not demonstrated a flying helicopter — is the development of on-board equipment ZAO "Transas" from St. Petersburg, which is the latest technology in terms of automation modes vertoletovozhdeniya, aerobatics and automate routing modes. Onboard system has greatly facilitated the work of the pilot, especially in confined meteorological conditions, in a different kind of rain, wind, etc. Already in August, with the Mi-38, we expect to enter the factory certification testing.
And finally, the third aircraft, which we will present at the MAKS — is double the transport Mi-26T2. By placing it on the avionics complex avionics-26, developed by the Ramenskoye Design, so the liner can manage only two pilots. Board complex algorithms have been partially tested in combat helicopter Mi-28N. Electronic systems and helps in the management of a helicopter, and the solution of transport problems. In general, the Mi-26T2 — is also a new helicopter that just this year the factory has passed the preliminary tests. And immediately after the international air show in Moscow, we plan to continue to test this helicopter that is created for the commercial market, and for the needs of the Defense Ministry. Funding for this work stands out from the equity holding company "Helicopters of Russia" primarily means the manufacturer of the Mi-26 "Rostvertol".
— The three you mentioned the helicopter can be considered entirely new machines. But there are probably other developments?
— Speaking of famous enough helicopters, which are operated in single copies, then at the MAKS will show the Mi-17-1V with onboard complex maneuvers and navigation IBKV-17 design company "Transas". The helicopter — an initiative to develop and holding "Helicopters of Russia", which we assume at the end of the program to offer both the Russian Ministry of Defense, and customers around the world.
— In a demonstration flight at the MAKS your helicopters are involved?
— Required. It is planned that in the summer show "Helicopters of Russia" will feature all helicopter "Mi" brand. Of course, the experts and the audience are waiting for combat vehicles. In conjunction with the Defense Ministry planned to demonstrate the export version of the Mi-28NE. Aerobatics, I hope, will be quite impressive. And on the ground for foreign customers and potential customers will see. The Mi-28N "Night Hunter" is in series production since 2006, and has been an increase of interest in this helicopter.
— In the two years that have passed since the previous MAKS you thoroughly worked.
— In fact, we demonstrate five new aircraft "Mi" brand. This helicopters with new features that are sure to give them a market appeal, and as a result, I hope, will provide a good market demand. I have to say that the Russian helicopter industry has received orders for several years to come. The portfolio is formed including orders from the Defense Ministry, which is headed for the purchase of new helicopters, which has modern facilities and meeting the modern requirements of military applications. Retrofitting these aircraft will increase combat readiness and mobility of our military. Helicopter "Mi" brand always meet these requirements.
— Defense gives the job to the development of new technology?
— Yes, we are working on R & D (research and development work), customers are the Ministry of Defence and other security agencies. The purpose of the research and development — improving technology, were in service, the creation of modifications of helicopters on the basis of already existing platforms that bring new qualities into operation.
— Current issue — improving safety. Due to what can be improved?
— Improved safety or operation of all the equipment — it’s a whole range of activities. The first position in this set is the helicopter structure using new materials, new methods of calculation, new design solutions. New design solutions provide a safe landing at high loads. If tight fit, the design takes energy absorbing impact or a hard landing so that it either does not break down or face elements, that are easier to sacrifice. But there is no damage to any pilot or main units. Current international standards require that the structural failure does not result in injury to the crew and passengers.
Safety is also associated with improved technical specifications: weight loss, increased capacity. This inevitably involves the use of new technologies, new materials, new methods of calculation. The procedure for creating the aircraft is such that most of the time before the car takes off, it must be tested on the ground. This applies mainly to the load-bearing system, the major components and systems of the helicopter.
— As far as the test hard? They correspond to the probable extreme situations?
— Let me explain with an example. Let’s say we’re doing blade of the propeller as the main component of the helicopter and grou
nd tests show that it is almost impossible to destroy. For example, during combat damage sweep spar, that is the main supporting element rotor blade. Continue this pattern is put to the test. Check shows that the blade with battle damage can still work, and the helicopter safely complete the flight and will make a landing. Now a completely different approach to design. At the dawn of the helicopter was a challenge to ensure that the aircraft flew, and flew to secure for some time. Now the helicopter must fly, but do not just fly, and trouble-free and maintenance-free for over a thousand, three thousand hours. We’re working on it: we bring technology in design and technology to the highest level.
— By modifying helicopters, if you are implementing new materials?
— It is more correct to say about some of the known materials but with new properties. Undoubtedly, the first and fundamental here are composites: using fiberglass, carbon-based fabrics. Yes, apply, use, increasing the percentage applicable to the aircraft.
— But if you use them, it gives you something?
— Gives the first gain in weight. Secondly, as a rule, does not corrode composites. This means that the time-frame for this kind of service elements, parts or assemblies helicopter — an endless calendar. The composite node lives, not age, as if getting older, it is very slow, which increases the resource. Details of which are made of composite materials, because of their characteristics are not destroyed or destroyed at very high operating time. Fatigue, which accumulates in the general physical understanding metal composites is shown in a somewhat different manner. Given the multi-parameter effects on them loads and the environment, composites sometimes simply irreplaceable. And the percentage of their applicability increases.