Ten leading Russian specialists working with the gyrotron systems, awarded the prize of the Russian government in the field of science and technology. Six of them — representatives of the Nizhny Novgorod Research and Production Enterprise "Gikom" and three others — the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It is also based in Nizhny Novgorod. The two companies are obliged Gyrotrons life. Some of their produce, others — are developing.
This brilliant metal product physicists sometimes jokingly referred to as microwave. The principle of operation is very similar, only in this compact body managed to pack a heater in 1000. Warming they have not products, and plasma.
Alexander Litvak, Director of the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said: "One of the main applications of this powerful radiation — heat the plasma in fusion devices".
Seemingly simple piece — a metal cylinder with an internal incision — is a product of high technology. This profile is applied very thin, like a needle, a special cutter shape. The result is a waveguide for which the energy of the gyrotron as an electromagnetic wave to the plasma unit will.
Irina Ilina, Technologist machining, adds: "If you do not stand these dimensions to the nearest hundredth of a millimeter, then the assistant corrugation become the enemy".
Bath with reagents, cuvettes and ultrasonic devices — everything comes into play in the struggle for purity. Details need to degrease and do not just clean, and vacuum-clean. The assembled device is checked for leaks and placed in an exhaust position. Here, it will heat up to 500 degrees Celsius. From the vacuum of the instrument is removed, all gases. The procedure takes a few days, but without this gyrotron will not work.
The device gyrotron, operating at 140 GHz, is made for the installation of tokamak in China. The demand — that is guaranteed to Nizhny Novgorod production for decades to come. This level of technology most competitors submit themselves is not soon. However, in the processes of scientific and technical work is often slow to interfere with the order of events of general economic interest.
Evgeny Sokolov, Director of "GYCOM" said: "Such specific materials, such as niobium, molybdenum we get from China. Part ceramic we buy in Germany".
In many ways, the idea of saving the local scientists from the Institute of Applied Physics. No wonder the Nizhny Novgorod Gyrotrons are so valued in the "Group of Seven", they also deliver to India and China. There have been recent and domestic orders. However, the main customer of the "us" is the Rosatom. Corporation Gyrotrons orders, which then will be used as a contribution to the ITER project in Russia — an international ekspermentalnogo fusion reactor.