The Northern Sea Route — The shortest sea route between the European part of Russia and the Far East, historically rooted national integrated transport communications of the Russian Federation in the Arctic. Passes through the seas of the Arctic Ocean (the Barents, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi) and partly of the Pacific Ocean (Bering).
In July 2011. Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker "Yamal" accompanied by a Belgian tanker "Preservance", who moved to China on "Northern Sea Route" 70 thousand tons of gas condensate on board. This 1A ice-class tanker was chartered by the Russian company "NOVATEK" on all summer navigation.
In total, the 2011 Russian nuclear icebreakers are planning to spend on the "Northern Sea Route" around 15 bulk carriers and tankers.
All this, of course, is only true sample of Russia’s capabilities as a global player transcontinental traffic.
In practice, only the start to the completion of the new Russian Arctic port "Sabetta" on the Yamal Peninsula in the Gulf of Ob (in his creation of the necessary infrastructure is planned to invest 900 billion rubles — more than 20 billion euros).
New export port being built near the village of Sabetta on the Yamal Peninsula in the framework of the project "Yamal LNG" and he was "tied" to a major gas field, which is built next to it (the second in the country), a liquefied natural gas (LNG). Its maximum capacity, according to the plans, up to 15 million tonnes of LNG and 1 million tons of gas condensate. In addition, the project includes the development of the transport infrastructure to export liquefied natural gas to Europe, Asia and America.
It is about building a special ice-class tanker fleet and the construction of new icebreakers (today in the Russian Arctic has 10 icebreakers, including several nuclear).
The first regular Russian LNG tankers must begin to be exported from the port, "Sabetta" in 2018.
Investors in the project "Yamal LNG" is the Russian company "" and France’s "TOTAL", and the Russian state acts as the main investor for creating port infrastructure, incl in the waters of a new port "Sabetta."
According to preliminary estimates, the total volume of traffic on the track "Northern Sea Route" in 2012 is likely to exceed 5 million tons.
And in the near future projected significant increase turnover by the "Northern Sea Route" — more than 10 times. In line with the ongoing projects for the development of gas fields in the Yamal Peninsula, other projects on the development of Siberia and the Far East, Russia’s unique "Arctic marine transportation system" to ensure traffic volume on "Northern Sea Route" by 2020. — Up to 64 million tons, and by 2030. — Up to 85 million tons a year.
Other countries are also catching up to this effective way to the Far East: a small Danish shipping company "Nordic Bulk Kerierz" (Nordic Bulk Carriers) as the first international carrier back in 2010. sent its first bulk carrier with iron ore from Northern Norway to China by the "Northern Sea Route" (accompanied by Russian icebreakers). Then the journey from Europe to China "NSR" took only 25 days. In 2011. This company will send the same route another bulk carrier with iron ore.
The world’s largest container carrier, the Danish company "Maersk Line" (M? Rsk Line), while on the fence (because it is not ready to Russian Arctic coastal infrastructure, rescue, medical and other services), but it is slowly getting ready send its first container ship to Asia on "Northern Sea Route".
The route through the Northern Sea Route as compared with the route via the Suez Canal is shorter by 2440 nautical miles and reduces the duration of the flight to 10 days, and also saves approximately 800 tons of fuel for the average vessel. By the way, the distance from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok along the Northern Sea Route is more than 14 thousand kilometers (via the Suez Canal — more than 23 thousand km).
The first operation on the "Northern Sea Route" — a voyage through the cargo timber Soviet "Vanzetti" and "Spark" from Leningrad to Vladivostok, was still 75 years ago — c July 8 to October 9, 1935
By 2009,., Compared to "shock" the 80-ties of the XX century, the volume of traffic on the Northern Sea Route has declined from 6.8 million tons of cargo a year, about a 5 — 6 times.