For the first time in the history of Arctic navigation along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) was gas tanker Ob river with a cargo of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Provision of safe ice channeling tanker engaged in the nuclear icebreakers "Vaygach" and "50 Years of Victory" "Rosatomflota." On board the LNG chartered by "Gazprom Marketing and Trading", is about 135 thousand cubic meters. meters of LNG.
Thus, for the first time LNG has been transported along the Northern Sea Route. LNG width is 45 m, which in November could have complicated wiring, but the operation was carried out in record time.
Northern Sea Route beneficial for companies in Northern Europe in terms of finding new markets in Asia. Loading of LNG production from the field (Snohvit) in the Barents Sea has been made on the terminal in Hammerfest (Norway). LNG carrier Ob river went out of Hammerfest 7 November 2012. Nuclear icebreaker "Vaygach" Federal State Unitary Enterprise "ATOMFLOT" took the vessel under the wiring on November 9 in the Kara Strait. In the western part of the Strait Vilkitski to ensure the wiring joined icebreaker "50 Years of Victory". November 18 Ob river left the NSR. Thus, the NSR gas carrier was 9 days, the average speed was 12.5 knots.
At present, gas carrier itself is moving in the direction of the port Tobata (Japan). Atomic icebreaker "Vaygach" "Rosatomflota" continues to ensure the safety of ships along the Northern Sea Route and the icebreaker "50 Years of Victory" is sent to the home port of Murmansk. Here he is to scheduled maintenance to prepare for winter navigation.
The Northern Sea Route — the shortest route between Northern Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. For reference the route Rotterdam-Yokohama when crossing the Indian Ocean distance is 11.2 thousand nautical miles. When you follow the Northern Sea Route distance is reduced by 3.9 thousand nautical miles or 34%. This reduces the time to the 20 and 33 days, respectively, reduces the cost of delivery. Potential cargo NSR is estimated at 50 million tons per year. In order to develop the SMP state corporation "Rosatom" in 2012. started the construction of a universal icebreaker new class. On the characteristics the new icebreaker will be able to effectively operate in the mouths of the Siberian rivers and along the Northern Sea Route. It will be the largest and most powerful in the world, and by increasing the width (34 m instead of 30 m in the type of nuclear-powered ship "Arctic") can be carried out in the Arctic tankers of up to 70 tonnes, overcoming even the three-meter ice. Under the terms of the contract with the Baltic factory, the ship must be built by the end of 2017.