On Combating Corruption in Power

Energy companies began to fight for their transparency

The article provides examples of consistent and successful struggle against "kickbacks." It is hoped that this will affect the rates and, as a consequence, the rate of economic growth.

State-owned energy companies have started to introduce the Energy Ministry data on the incomes and assets of senior managers, as well as information about the owners of the companies-contractors. The test results of these data will be released in April.

About corruption in the power sector in December last year rose by Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, who said that almost every other state-owned companies in the manual associated with affiliates or suspected criminal schemes. He called to clean up the industry, assigning appropriate agencies to conduct additional tests to determine whether managers are engaged in companies with state participation in commercial activities.

Many energy companies have already started the procedure of "purification." The study shows polls, best of all it going in those who did not stop the adoption of codes of ethics, and has established a transparent electronic procurement system. Over the past few months in the industry leaders decided to fight for their own transparency. Basically these are companies that have yet to start the All-Russia "FWIW" took on additional responsibilities, focusing on Western norms. Many of the principles and mechanisms are borrowed from the U.S. Act of bribery of foreign public officials (Foreign Corrupt Practices Act) and the UK Bribery Act (one of the toughest instruments in the fight against corruption at the corporate level).

Companies with foreign participation operating in the electric power industry in Russia, used similar rules in their internal documents, often adjusted for the Russian practice. For example, the "E.ON Russia" (formerly OGK-4) directly in the code of ethics appears the notion of "kickbacks" in the context of the prohibition to receive any benefit from the performance of duties. "Enel OGK-5", in turn, has made a provision stating that corruption in the list of basic documents, which governs how the relationship with affiliated companies, intermediaries, and the procurement and sales.

Russian players are also actively involved in this process. For example, Moscow United Electric Grid Company (MOESK) implements the recently adopted Code of Conduct. In November last year, the company has formed a working group to establish anti-corruption system, which includes including the introduction of a common methodology checks.

In the "Mosenergo" code of ethics adopted in 2008. It contains an express prohibition on the purchase and sale transactions with companies controlled by executives or their relatives. Conclusion of any civil contracts with relatives leadership is also not allowed.

According to expert studies, tight domestic regulations have brought a certain effect in the fight against corruption. Polls last December, interviewed suppliers and the largest energy consumers in the presence of "gray" schemes and other opaque mechanisms of action. Some of the model in terms of the absence of corruption in procurement and working with contractors were already mentioned "E.ON Russia" and "Enel OGK-5" and "Mosenergo", where, according to the respondents, the situation has changed dramatically over the last 3 — 5 years. Improvements are planned in the United Electric Grid, "Inter RAO" and "Mosenergosbyt", said respondents.

Outsiders were MOTC and MOEK. Participants in the survey noted, in particular, the low transparency of tender procedures in these companies. General director Andrey Likhachev MOEK already said that the company intends to get rid of the image of a corrupt enterprise that was formed under the previous management.

One of the pioneers in the energy sector on the implementation of anti-corruption harsh sanctions became a state corporation "Rosatom". Already in the early stages of the 48 involved in the management responsibility of 12 people were laid off, while the materials were transferred to the police. In parallel inculcated public procurement system: in the first half year of its operation could save about 31.3 billion rubles., Estimated in the state corporation.

By the same method was applied, and other companies, including "Mosenergo". In the electronic system is introduced almost every transaction for the acquisition of goods and services — from repair and installation work to the delivery of supplies. "With the launch of this system have the opportunity at any time to look at the cost of the electronic journal and conditions of supply of any goods purchased by the company. All information is available in the public domain, and it is one of the few effective ways to eliminate the possibility of unjustified increase of prices", — reported in energy company.

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