Newspaper Military-Industrial Courier publishes for the first time on future Russian taknka.
August 8 RIA Novosti reported, "First Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Sukhorukov said that the first samples of military hardware on the basis of heavy tracked platform" Armata "can go on trial for almost a year before the announced deadline."
Let me remind you, according to the plans of the Russian Defense Ministry, these testing should begin in 2014. In turn, guide Uralvagonzavod which is developing "Almaty was," says mass production of the new Russian tanks, created on its basis, will unfold in 2015 and 2020 in the Russian Armed Forces will receive 2.3 thousand of these machines. The fact that they are to represent, the expert community while only speculate. Technical specifications for a new tank and a family of machines "Armata" classified.
The grounds for the forecast
However, an analysis of existing developments and fragmentary information from public sources can reconstruct the face of options for the future of the tank.
It must meet the following requirements: maximum protection for the crew and his survival in machine damage, the integration of the tank into a single information space on the battlefield and exchange of information in real time (PMB), the protection of the basic means of destruction with the frontal attack angles ± 30 degrees, the circular protection of portable anti-(TCP), the protection of the upper projection of ammunition, hitting the roof of the tower, the maximum weight — not more than 50 tons, maximum speed — not less than 60 kilometers per hour, protection against weapons of mass destruction (WMD), minimizing the time maintenance and refurbishment.
Based on the reported failures from bringing to the series of T-95 with 152-mm gun could be argued that the new car is scheduled to equip the regular 125-mm main gun of T-90. But the concept of application is not written a single word.
Tanks were created in the 60s of the last century and its origins from the T-64, run out of stock for modernization. Therefore, the layout of a promising vehicle to vary significantly. It is logical to bronekapsuly crew accommodation, located in the hull of the tank in order to minimize the cost of protection against fragments and WMD. Creating a remote-controlled turret and sighting systems for television and thermal channels currently not difficult, although literally ten years ago it was very expensive.
Unfortunately, among many experts — both defense and military — are of the opinion that the gunner and commander have to search only through the optical channel monitoring, and in the event of failure of equipment to fire in manual mode.
"The fact is that with the adoption of a new tank, which was quite different from all the others and was not improved by modifying them, adopted this war was necessary to carry out fundamental changes in the organizational structure of the tank units and formations, make significant changes in the level of preparation as The constant and variable composition tankers. It was also necessary to solve many other problems, both technical and military. The military was hard to part with patterns of thought and a well-functioning system of combat training, parts supply and acquisition as personnel and materiel, "- these are the lines of memories AG Slavikovskogo, deputy chief designer Morozov, written about the 60-ies of XX century, and enacting a brand new T-64 tank equipped with an autoloader. There is no reason that in the case of "Almaty was" things are different.
Qualitative leap to equip tanks, built on the new concepts of operation and application, is possible in the so-called method of aviation service when maintenance and replenishment of ammunition are only out of combat, and maintenance of weapon control systems (LMS) and the only weapons carried by teams of specialists.
The complete absence of manually operated fire control is not an issue. Aviators had been ill with the disease in the 20-ies of the last century, and tank crews — in the 60s in the management of the tank, when they were introduced gearbox with hydraulic control. However, in the case of complexes of targeting and weapons to the military collapse of the Soviet Union showed conservatism, constantly pushing the demand emergency manual loading and firing. Meanwhile, the aircraft has long been all remotely operated weapon systems, and the refusal to fight only results out of it. This is the norm, not the problem.
The optimal choice
In view of the above considerations, there are two versions of the layout — with bow or stern placement of the engine compartment (ITO).
In the first case the layout of the tank is: MDT — Department of Management (DU) — the fighting compartment (BO). Before the MTO is a frontal module with basic protection. With the defeat of the tank head on this bay will provide additional protection for the crew. However, if the defense and kick stand will be overwhelmed by the front rollers. The tank goes down with a slight lesion on the forehead. Conclusion exhaust aboard front unmasking helps in combat, and the cooling system is damaged and unusable even firing 30-mm cannon.
The crew, lying in the center of the chassis is in good conditions when driving, but will receive no benefit from the placement of the crew compartment in the stern. Accordingly will not be easy fodder yield as on the Israeli "Merkava" ("Chariot").
In the second case (OC — BO — MTO) before separating the management placed a massive defensive front module with integral fuel tanks, which generally heavier than when you turn in defense logistics department. This increases the armor protection of the tank during the shelling in the frontal projection. In case the MTO in the feed and removal of exhaust back masking increases from thermal sights and missiles homing on thermal radiation. However, this arrangement is preferred only for machines of the first line of battle, which should break through the enemy’s defenses. Machines created on this basis, for the second tier, as well as engineering, can be equipped with front MTO at maximum unification of units.
In the Shelter crew is fully protected bronekapsuly. There is air conditioning and ventilation with protection against weapons of mass destruction. Air Conditioning — this is not a whim, but a harsh necessity to maintain the operating temperature range for humans and electronic control units. Currently, the cost of electronic components and sighting system reaches 40 percent of the price war machine, and the cost of training the crews will soon be compared to the costs of advanced pilot training aircraft.
The optimal number of forward-looking tank crew — three people. The intentions to reduce it to two people, unfortunately, lead to disastrous consequences. It’s already been proven experience of the Great Patriotic War. Attempts to assign to the function of the tank commander’s gunner led to the fact that he had little opportunity to observe the battlefield. A unit commander or could not operate at its disposal machines, or commander’s tank was converted into a mobile command post, where not kept firing at the enemy. The story, written in blood, not being studied for pathos, and that it is not repeated. Back in the 80’s of the XX century we
re carried out research to reduce the crew to two. However, the results clearly substantiate its minimal structure — commander, gunner and driver.
* Equipment for a scuba tank driving
Today, for installation in the MTO has a diesel engine B-92S2 power of 1130 hp. It is necessary to establish jointly with the central transmission by mounting a monoblock. Disclaimer of airborne transmission will reduce the time to replace the candy bar and 30 minutes, and their repair will be carried out in the workshop or repair teams.
The cooling system may be of two types. To improve the efficiency of the power plant with the preferred injection circuit cooling system. This will also decrease termozametnost.
Undercarriage suspension can be based on both the T-90 and T-80 from. Both series are produced in Russia, and therefore the cost of these elements of the tank is not critical. The easiest way — to develop two chassis with different port and compare the tests. Shestiopornaya running a T-80 is easy to operate and repair, mastered in production, and a caterpillar on it and is used on the T-90. If you stop at the option of the T-80, you may need to develop a new suspension system and amortization. The most promising in this case — the hydropneumatic suspension.
Frontal protection module housing — a modular, quick-release, with additional modules built-in dynamic protection (WHD). Protection boards with additional modules ERA of rail transport or in trailers on public roads into transport position. This provides advantages in transportation. Fighting weight up to 50 tons can travel on ordinary roads with the installation of special The rubber tracks. Protecting the bottom of the tank landmine provided konstruktivy bottom and use the active mine protection.
The story of the tower modules and their capabilities, as well as other machines on a single database "Armata" will continue.