On the state of the fleet of military vehicles in the Russian


Over the past decades, the main factors that ensure mobility of troops are railways and road transport. In this case, due to some objective reasons, the second is given much more attention. In any military unit, regardless of its belonging to a particular type of armament, there are a number of different car classes. The so-called military vehicle technology (BAT), including multi-purpose vehicles (AMN), is capable of performing a variety of tasks, and therefore the nature of the transport is the most popular class of vehicles in the military.

According to Chief of Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defence (Bolshoi) Lieutenant General A. Shevchenko, the share of AMS in the total number of military vehicles of the armed forces is equal to 91.5%. Second place is occupied by the number of military tracked vehicles with 7.4%. Special wheeled tractors and similar machinery bottom of the list with 1.1 percent. It is easy to calculate the approximate number of vehicles of a particular class, given the total number of military vehicles — about 410,200 units.

It is worth noting, park vehicles going through the best of times. The number of old equipment until it is very large, and it needs to be replaced. Some progress in this direction already, but they still can not be considered sufficient. To understand the trends, we consider the information published in the February issue of the journal "Truck Press." It provides interesting data on the state of the park BAT in 2005 and 2012.  

In 2005, the armed forces have a military vehicle technology base model 41 and 60 the total number of modifications to 410.8 thousand units. 71% of this equipment has been fitted with petrol engines. Thus, trucks and tractors with diesel engines were a minority. This ratio of motor types can be the subject of much debate. The other fact about the state of BAT in 2005 looks unique and not palatable. Approximately 80% of the age of technology there has been more than 12 years, ie was made not later than the first half of the nineties of the last century. The remaining 20 percent were distributed as follows. Most (13%) accounted for the technique aged 6 to 12 years, and the remaining seven percent — for new cars, no older than six years.

  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles


You can also consider the proportion of vehicles of a lineup. In 2005, the unquestionable leaders in this aspect were cars Likhachev Plant. The share of truck ZIL-157, ZIL-131, etc. accounted for one third of the total number of BAT in the army. The second and third largest number with a small gap occupied "Ural" (13%) and gas (12%). Then came the Kamaz trucks with 10 percent, while the fifth place was shared between Ulyanovsk (UAZ) and Kremenchug (KrAZ) vehicles with a share of six per cent. Finally, about four percent of BAT was a crawler tractors MT-LB. The remaining 16% were heterogeneous fleet of cars produced in different plants: Minsk Wheel Tractor, Bryansk, etc.

It should be noted these figures relate only to the total number of machines. Available in the public domain there is no mention of VAT, being stored or in use. Such information could make the existing picture is much more detailed, but the Ministry of Defence in no hurry to disclose it. You can also draw attention to years of production technology and its share. It is not difficult to guess that the number of those 80 percent of the cars are in 2005 were older than 12 years, includes many vehicles made before the collapse of the Soviet Union. In addition, this group is a number of cars assembled in the early years of independence. The least the same number of available in 2005, the cars were produced from 1999 to 2005, ie in the period after the default of 1998. Accurate data of this kind, but there is reason to believe that in the first few years of this period, the rate of production was much lower than then.

Since then, which says statistics presented, it took almost eight years. During this period, the financing of the armed forces has increased steadily. Use earned money from the budget of the Defense Ministry to repair the old equipment, and acquired a new one, including the military and automotive. This situation began to park BAT gradually changed, but nevertheless, currently it still does not satisfy the needs. To the required 75-80 percent is still far.

According to the same magazine "Truck of the Press", the proportion of old vehicles whose age exceeded 12 years, by 2012, decreased to 57%. Automobiles, trucks, etc., fall into the category of 6 to 12 years, it has become a bit more — 14 percent. As for the new technology is not older than six years, it had risen to more than four times. By the end of the last 2012 in this category in 29% of military vehicles. This is two times less than the current state program requires upgrading, but 2020 has so far away and there is time to upgrade. The total number of VAT, according to some estimates, almost fell, but the difference is only a few hundred machines, which are available at the scale of numbers simply can not pay attention.

Unfortunately, the specific figures on the composition techniques similar to the park as BAT in 2005, no. Nevertheless, some details are known. Thus, the overall ratio of vehicles with diesel and petrol engines almost never changed. Cars with petrol engines are still in the majority, and their number is twice the number of diesel "brothers." In addition, the proportion of trucks ZIL for seven years has fallen from 33 percent to 6 percent. The reasons for this — write-off of obsolete vehicles, as well as the lack of bulk purchasing new ones. Reducing the number of cars the plant. Likhachev, while maintaining total fleet explicitly says that the place of retired truck came other. Based on available data, lost 23 per cent of vehicles ZIL been filled appliances and KamAZ "Ural".

It should be noted that these figures relate only to the current state of BAT in the Russian armed forces. During the nineties, the failed and controversial of the two thousandth’s domestic auto industry was in a difficult situation, and therefore could not fully engage in the development of vehicles for the army. At present, the armed forces need in several vehicles for different purposes, and the created on a single base. Now this theme working on several auto plants and has repeatedly demonstrated prototypes of new cars. By 2015, the army should receive the first production models of new cars. How then will change the quantitative and qualitative composition of the park BAT? We’ll know in seven years, in 2020.

  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles

Typhoon KAMAZ-63968-K

  • Briefly on the state of the fleet of military vehicles

Typhoon Ural-63099-U

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