On whose bones are building a new Russia?

Zeki has not completedSakhalin tunnel, which was to become part of the connecting Japan and the Russian Railways. Therefore flask with fire Universiade had to drive the sea and, alas, the stormpreventedsailing ship "Sedov" to get to Vladivostok.

Why construction ceased with the death of Stalin — is unknown. However, the fact remains that the project was canceled by nearly sixty years. Now the idea was reborn. This year, the design work will be carried out, and after a few years, if all goes according to plan, the railway will connect the Sakhalin Island to the mainland.

However, in contrast to the buildings of the twentieth century, the emphasis today is on civil engineering. About once a year in Russia takes some world-class event, it is dated to the construction of infrastructure and, under the guidance of Shuvalov, who is in charge, we are now the main construction of the country, large-scale facilities are being built.

In 2012, in Vladivostok for the APEC summit built two very important bridge for the city, the university and several dozen smaller objects. In 2013, construction workers finish building massively Kazan, which will be held in the Universiade. In 2014, Shuvalov and his team will take the roads and stadiums in Sochi … Thanks to our policies, measures the level of competition and the World Championships we densely loaded at least until the end of the decade.

There is a belief that all of this — rat race compared with the times of the Soviet Union. Say, used to be and Bratsk hydroelectric plant and BAM and much more — and now alone stalls and chicken coops, without any Soviet swing … Well, let’s look at the great construction projects of the last bit closer.

Here, for example, "MMK", Russia’s largest steel mill. Approved his project in 1928, in 1929 began to build, and in 1934 launched the first section rolling mill "500". It was built in the rhythm of a feat, without going into the winter, with all the possible violation of the regulations, workers were trained directly in the process of building.

In the end, successful. "MMK" almost immediately began to give the country steel and iron, during the Revolutionary War re-oriented to the armor, and now again produces steel — for example, high-tech billet production of large diameter pipes.

"Dnieper" already built a little differently. Construction was led by a talented engineer Winter, who believed that it is necessary to first create comfortable living conditions of the workers, and only then require them to maximize impact.

The rest of the fever of the young Soviet government preserved in all its primitive enthusiasm. American engineers have moved the hair on the body, when they saw the work of our self-taught-innovators.

However, everything went well: five years a record DnieproGES was built, and after seven years, in 1939, he went to full power. Now power plant is located on the territory of Ukraine and provides power to the whole industrial complex in Kiev.

After the war, one of the main buildings was Bratsk hydroelectric plant, around which later grew up the whole city of Bratsk. It was built again, Stakhanov pace, without regard to cost and safety. Started in 1954 and finished in 1967. After construction of the map of the USSR, a new city, Bratsk

Running would like to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the revolution, because of this very much has been done, to put it mildly, is not optimal. I strongly suspect that the displaced from flooded places people had a very tight: about nature and animals I’m not talking. However, the Bratsk hydroelectric plant — is an unequivocal success.

At the time, it gave impetus to the development of the whole region of the country and still is one of the largest in Russia. Therefore, many made during its construction shoals can safely close your eyes.

Next building — BAM, the Baikal-Amur Mainline. He slowly built since 1938, with changes in relations with China and Japan, it stayed the construction resumed. Finally, in 1974 for BAM took seriously. Conducted a large-scale advertising campaign for strained labor republics of the USSR, lured by the hordes of Komsomol construction.

Draft version of the BAM was commissioned in 1984. Five years later, in 1989, the maximum gradient paths has been reduced from 40 ‰ to 18 ‰, and the passengers were able to move through the BAM is not getting out of cars on a difficult site. Yet 14 years later, in 2003, was commissioned in the last major section of the highway — North Muya tunnel. Now, BAM can be considered successfully employed.

BAM was the most expensive infrastructure project in the history of the Soviet Union, with a network extending from the main line to the villages and fields of branches being built just now. Foreign journalists still go on the BAM and wonder why it’s unwashed redneck Russian general undertook to spoil the Siberian nature its pointless presence.

Really benefit from the BAM can be expected in 10 years, hardly used …

Already see where I’m going?

Even in Soviet times — when the key projects for the country made any money at the cost of any blood — Even in Soviet times really large-scale construction projects were stretched far beyond the 10 leAnd so if the Soviet leaders were thinking about the safety of savings and resources, it is ridiculous to say about the environment, the terms of delivery of our record of objects could be easily doubled.

Therefore, demand from Russia in 2013 to strain the resources and 20 years in a row to drive them into something superpafosnoe — it is to lose value. In today’s world, countries are developing differently, more gently and more consistently.

Get at least the same Vladivostok. Before the collapse of the USSR, he was a closed settlement, so that there is now — is, in fact, the construction of the new city. The bridge on the Russian island have made it into our San Francisco, but will take another few years to ensure that the region’s residents have mastered the new space. In the meantime, residents of the city were able to spend less time in traffic jams, and the margin has become almost to the center. This means that Beijing has received a growth point for new areas to be populated and developed.

Let’s go back to the 2013 Universiade. In preparation for the Universiade capitally shoveled the entire infrastructure of the city.

Three new subway station, 12 interchanges, major overhaul of dozens of streets,
plus 13,000 parking spaces in the last six months … About the new sports facilities I’m not saying — they just nemeryannom.

You can compare similar development of the city with some million-Soviet construction of the century?

Probably not. However, if you multiply the same Universiade for 20 years, that we could spend on a gloomy exploits in the style of the late Soviet Union, we will see is more than comparable size. If we recall that we are simultaneously launching another bunch of projects, ranging from the North Stream (which is still unique pipeline laid on the bottom of the cold Baltic Sea and corresponding with all (!) Safety standards) to the Boguchan plant can already say fact: nostalgia for the days of the Soviet Union every year it becomes harder and harder.


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