Prelaunch handling Russian astrophysical observatory "Radioastron" ("Spektr-R") begins at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, where the unit was delivered on Friday from Moscow Lavochkin.
C using the "Radioastron" and its ground "partners" Astronomers see space objects with a resolution of up to seven microseconds, which exceeds the capabilities of the space telescope "Hubble" is more than a thousand times.
"Radioastron" will examine the processes within the active galactic nuclei and around supermassive black holes, dark matter, structure and dynamics of star forming regions in our Galaxy. Furthermore, it will help to create a high-precision astronomical coordinate system and accurate model of the gravitational field of the earth.
"After unloading operations of the spacecraft" Spektr-R "calculations FSUE TSENKI — Space Centre" South "and carry out the necessary customs procedures the spacecraft will be delivered to the site 31 for pre-launch testing apparatus. On the platform 42 cosmodrome, work is continuing on the preparation rocket "Zenit-3M" for launch, "- said in a statement.
It is planned that the missile "Zenit-3M" together with the upper stage "Fregat-SB" will lead to space observatory "Radioastron" with a 10-meter radio telescope space.
"Spektr-R" — Astrophysical Observatory of the international project "Radioastron" created by the Lavochkin commissioned by Roscosmos. The developer of the scientific equipment is the Astro Space Center of Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Physics of the Lebedev (FIAN).
From the Earth to the satellite will operate two centers of Space Communications, located in Ussuriisk and in the suburban Bear Lakes. Tracking station in Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory, where the LPI, has been successfully tested and ready to work.
The space telescope "Radioastron", created on the basis of a new platform Lavochkin — "Navigator" will work in conjunction with a global network of ground-based radio telescopes, forming a single ground-space interferometer very high angular resolution. In particular, the project will involve a network of Russian telescopes "Quasar", American radio observatory "Arecibo" and "Gribank" German observatory in Effelsberg, a number of other settings.
Operation time in orbit must be at least five years.