Overview of Russian nuclear power plants under construction abroad

Now Russia — one of the world’s leaders in the number of power units under construction abroad (16% of the world market for the construction of nuclear power plants). At present, in agreement with other countries, Russia is building two nuclear power units in India, two — in Bulgaria and one — in Iran. For the first time in post-Soviet history in 2007 were commissioned two units of Tianwan nuclear power plant, which immediately became the most powerful nuclear power plant in China.

The competitiveness of Russian proposals due to the use of modern technology and the latest developments of Russian scientists and engineers. All projects are in line with modern international requirements and recommendations of the IAEA.

Russian technology is developing evolutionary and modern stations are upgraded versions of already well-established basic options. Constantly upgrading reactor systems, turbines, generators.

Project developers of nuclear engineering companies abroad is ZAO "ASE". The company was founded in 1998 on the basis of two major trade associations, has many years of experience in building nuclear power plants abroad — VO "Atomenergoexport" and VPO "Zarubezhatomenergostroi." State Corporation "Rosatom" owns 78.54% of shares of "ASE". Another 9.43% of the shares and 1.33% of the shares belong to the structures controlled by Rosatom — OJSC "Zarubezhenergostroy" and of "fuel elements".

In the construction of nuclear power plants ASE traditionally uses light water reactor units VVER (pressurized water reactor pressurized water). In such reactors as a neutron moderator serves ordinary water, serving as both a coolant.

VVER reactor is considered to be among the safest in the world and is the basis for a program of nuclear industry development and expansion of Russian exports.

 

1-NPP "Akkuyu" (Turkey)

  • NPP "Akkuyu" (Turkey)
  • NPP "Akkuyu" (Turkey)

May 12, 2010 during the visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Turkey, an agreement was signed between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Turkey on cooperation in the construction and operation of a nuclear power plant on the site "Akkuyu" in the Republic of Turkey.

The construction of Turkey’s first nuclear power plant will be sold under the SBI (Build — Own — Operate or "Story — KNOW — operate"). Until now, in the world there was no precedent mechanism BOO use in nuclear power. At the start of the Turkish nuclear power plant project will be financed from Russian sources, in the future we plan to attract investors, both from Turkey and from third countries.

The NPP "Akkuyu" includes four reactors of VVER type. The power of each unit of Turkish plant will be 1,200 MW. Technical and economic indicators plant will provide reliable and cost-effective production of electric and thermal energy in accordance with the requirements of the Turkish customer. NPP "Akkuyu" will generate about 35 trillion kWh per year.

2-Belarusian NPP

  • Nuclear power plant in Belarus
  • Nuclear power plant in Belarus

 

March 15, 2011 in Minsk during a meeting of the Council of Ministers of the Union State of the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Belarus on cooperation in the construction of the territory of the Republic of Belarus nuclear power plant. Belarusian nuclear power plant will consist of two units with total capacity of up to 2400 (2×1200) MW and will be built on the site Ostrovetskaya in the Grodno region. For the construction of the first Belarusian nuclear power plant has been selected project "NPP-2006", which is fully in line with international standards and recommendations of the IAEA.
 
The agreement provides that the construction of the nuclear power plant is a turnkey basis by the Russian side. The general contractor was appointed Company "ASE", the customer — PG "Management of Nuclear Power Plant" (SI "DSAE"). October 11, 2011 signed a contract agreement on the construction of nuclear power plant in Belarus. November 25, 2011 signed an intergovernmental agreement on granting the Russian side of the Belarusian state loan for the construction of the station, which has created the necessary international legal framework for the implementation of the mechanism of financing the project. January 31, 2012 signed a contract to survey work, preparation of project documentation and primary working documents of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. July 18, 2012 in Minsk, following the meeting of the Board of Ministers of the Union State of Russia and Belarus signed a general contract for the construction of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. The Russian side has signed genkontrakt director of "NIAEP" — the management company ZAO "ASE" (ASE) Valery Limarenko, the Belarusian side — the director of SI "Construction Directorate NPP" (SI "DSAE") Mikhail Filimonov.
 
Currently on the site are works on the development of excavation unit number 1. Work carried out at 62 sites, 14 of which are planned to be in 2012. At the site consisted of about 200 units of construction equipment and employs more than 900 workers. Until the end of 2012 is planned to provide heating of the building, which will be sold this year, to finish the construction of the water intake and treatment facilities and cover reservoir drainage base building nuclear and turbine islands.

 

3 nuclear power plant, "Bushehr" (Iran)


  • "Bushehr" NPP (Iran)
  • "Bushehr" NPP (Iran)


"Bushehr" NPP — a unique object, which has no analogues in the world. "Atomstroyexport" continues to build a nuclear power plant in Iran, which began in 1974, the German company Kraftwerk Union AG (Siemens / KWU). In 1980 the concern broke the contract with the Iranian customer solutions for the German government to join the American embargo on the supply of equipment to Iran. Between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, August 24, 1992 signed an agreement on cooperation in the peaceful uses of atomic energy, and August 25, 1992 signed an agreement to build a nuclear power plant in Iran. Construction of nuclear power has been reopened after a long-term preservation in 1995. The construction of basic infrastructures station was completed in August 2010. The power plant was connected to the electric grid of Iran in September 2011, and by August 30, 2012 its first unit reached full operating capacity. Russian contractors managed the integration of Russian equipment in the construction part made by the German project, and, in addition, apply about 12 thousand tons of German equipment.

The original plans included an earlier date of commissioning of the second reac
tor (tentative dates — March 2013). It was also the construction of two more reactors, but is now working on the implementation of this part of the plan terminated.


4-NPP "Kudankulam" (India)


  • NPP "Kudankulam" (India)
  • NPP "Kudankulam" (India)

 

In the south of India constructed NPP "Kudankulam" with two power units with reactors of the VVER-1000. Station erected as part of the Interstate Agreement on 20.11.1988 and Amendments thereto dated 21.06.1998. Customer — The Indian Atomic Energy Corporation Ltd (IKAEL).

The "AES-92" used by the NPP "Kudankulam", developed by the institute "AEP" (Moscow) on the basis of production units that have long operated in Russia and Eastern Europe.

5-NPP "Mokhovtse" (Slovakia)

(As it is written in the wiki that the work stopped because of political reasons, don `t believe Rosatom or wiki)

Russian joint venture with the Slovak finish building the third and fourth reactors of NPP "Mokhovtse", the construction of which was started in 1987 and suspended in 1992, the planned implementation dates for new power units in operation — in 2012 and 2013, respectively.

May 11, 2010 signed a contract to perform in the completion of "nuclear island" between "Atomstroyexport" JSC and "Slovak Power." The contract provided for the execution of works, supply of equipment and services to implement on both units core monitoring systems, measurement systems and subsystems of the boron concentration measurement level in the reactor vessel and measuring the temperature at the core outlet. Timing of work 2010-2013 yy

6 Tianwan NPP-2 (China)

  • Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant (China)
  • Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant (China)

In October 2009, the State Corporation "Rosatom" and the China Nuclear Industry Corporation (CNNC) signed a protocol, which confirmed the desire and intention to continue to cooperate in the construction of the second phase of the Tianwan nuclear power plant — the third and fourth units of the station.

The third and fourth units of Tianwan NPP will be constructed similarly to the first stage of the project: two reactors of Russian design with reactors of the VVER-1000. Design and supply of equipment non-nuclear part of the plant will carry JNPC.

7-Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant (Ukraine)

  • Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant (Ukraine)
  • Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant (Ukraine)

 

June 9, 2010 in Kiev, the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on cooperation in the construction of reactors number 3 and number 4 Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant.

According to the requirements of NAEC "Energoatom" the operating life of the equipment for the project VVER-1000 and increased to make up for the reactor vessel — 60 years old, steam generators — 60 years old for the rest of the reactor building equipment — 50 years. Extending the useful life of the equipment is achieved by evolutionary design changes.

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