In navigation of 2011 the volume of traffic along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has reached 9,000,000 tons (six in the east and three — in the west), surpassing the achievements of the USSR — 7,000,000 tons. Although only previous 2010 was the starting date in the modern history of the NSR. Now we can safely say that the project delivery of goods by the waters of the Russian Arctic seas between Europe, Asia and America went from discussion to stage immediate implementation.
Already talked about the fact that the Arctic forgotten road restored for commercial shipping and the international transit of goods. And yet it took more than a year to the conviction of individuals in the prospects for the revival of Russian Northern Sea Route has found widespread support and has become a reality.
Among the staunchest supporters unfairly forgotten transport paths were and are the leaders of the Group of Companies "Transit-DV", has over 15 years of participating in the state of North importation. In general, the story of a group which has already become a thing of the distant 1995.
— The issue of the Northern Sea Route is extremely important and interesting for our company, — says Sergey Boldyrev, head of the group of companies "Transit-DV." — In addition to his starring role in the delivery of goods within the delivery of the Northern North Sea route — the shortest route from Asia to Europe and back. If you take the route of reference Yokohama — Rotterdam, the distance between the two ports on the way across the Indian Ocean is 11,205 miles. And the Northern Sea Route 3860 miles on it shorter. Reduction in time is 300 — 320 hours, ie 11 — 12 days. In addition to speed, it is also a significant cost. Masters of all Russian merchant ships, held in 2010-2011, the Northern Sea Route, noted the satisfactory condition of the navigation path.
Today’s port — tomorrow hub
According to expert estimates, the volume of international shipping on the NSR may be about 50 million tons annually, provided the establishment or improvement over its transport infrastructure, particularly ports. After all, the shortest sea route between the European part of Russia and the Far East has a length of as much as 5600 km, and most of the harsh climatic conditions.
In the scheme of the Northern Sea Route logically integrated development of the port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Recognizing the importance of a number of ports along the Northern Sea Route, experts give it a special role — port hub. Hub — a word of English, has taken root in Russia, literally translates as "wheel hub, the center" in a general sense — a network node. In the transport sector — interchange, handling unit. For the role of a hub Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky fit as none of the northern ports, has a comfortable year-round antifreeze Avachinskayay bay, where you can collect, store and sort all kinds of cargo and carry them further congestion on a special fleet to send the Northern Sea Route. Thanks to these qualities, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky port can become the base for SMEs in contrast, for example, from the port of Providence, which can not be used all year round because of the ice conditions, or port Egvekinot requiring substantial expansion or port Pevek work which is complicated by the difficulty of access, seasonality.
Moreover, due to its proximity to international shipping lines, port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in creating certain conditions can become part of the international maritime transport routes between Southeast Asia and the West Coast of North America. Currently, the path runs along the arc of a great circle in close proximity to the eastern coast of Kamchatka at a distance of 150-200 miles. Under special conditions may be implied discussed at the government level, the creation of a special economic zone "free port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky." But while Russia does not use the favorable geographical position of one of the first of its outposts in the Pacific, has enormous strategic importance and enormous economic potential. However, we must pay tribute to the development of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky as a port-hub strategy spelled out in the Far East and Trans-Baikal 2025. The document states that "the potential of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky seaport for international transit cargo in the container as obvious. With a significant increase in the volume of cargo processed and modernization of port infrastructure becomes possible to increase the attractiveness of the port of call for ships under domestic and foreign flags. "
Northern delivery in safe hands
While the fate of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky seaport solved at the state level, in his present life the special role played by the Group of Companies "Transit-DV".
The group "Transit-DV" includes 9 companies, including the North-Eastern Shipping Company (AGN — NESCO.LTD), founded in 2009 and based in the port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. "North-Eastern Shipping Company" — Russian shipping company that owns a fleet of Russian-flagged for sea transportation of liquid, bulk and general cargo, including coal and oil. Having owned fleet with different characteristics, it can offer a variety of solutions charterers in the delivery and provide a comprehensive sequence of transportation. The annual volume of cargo carried by ships is about 1 million tons. Contrary to the general trend of the company is not just saves, but also actively increasing the tonnage of the domestic fleet. Over the past three years has been acquired seven vessels with a total tonnage of about 70,000 tons. Three of them returned to the company under the Russian flag. In the future, shipping company plans to do and passenger transport.
For over 15 years, "Transit-DV" is a partner organization of the Kamchatka Territory Northern delivery, in which holding companies engaged in delivery of energy to the region. In the vast majority of cases (70%) of their delivery fleet of the Group carries out its own "Transit-DV." Thanks to its good technical condition made possible the realization of the project "The bunker on the water", developed by specialists of the company. It was launched in October 2011 in several ports of the Far East. During this time, the courts AGN has conducted more than 10 major bunkering. And to date the project is in active development.
Assessing the port opens before the Kamchatka future, Chief, "Transit-DV" Sergey Boldyrev, talks about the importance of effective cooperation between shipping companies and representatives of the administration of the Kamchatka region.
— Within the framework of this cooperation is necessary to the opening of the Arctic sea transport along the lines of Northern Europe — Kamchatka — The West Coast of America — South-East Asia. For navigation along the Northern Sea Route is economically feasible association in one of the existing company, and further new ice-class vessels. The development of the port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky port as a basic reference on the Northern Sea Route, requires the development and improvement of services for the supply, bunkering, ship repair, maintenance and other services between voyages of ships, as well as a teaching and technical base of the marine personnel. Require the construction of new port facilities. If this is done within the framework of the Special Economic Zone "free port of Petropavlovsk-Ka
mchatsky," then I think the project is guaranteed flow of investment, both Russian and foreign.
Our ultimate goal is that in 10 years Russia was represented in the Asia-Pacific region, a major international hub port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, which will take place in one with the largest number of key Asian hubs — Hong Kong and Singapore.
Hope VORONTSOVA, "Far Eastern Capital."