Petrozavodsk State University graduate student discovered a new comet

Amateur astronomer from Russia Artem Novichonok with his whi
lorusskim counterpart Vitaly Nevsky discovered comet, which is designed to be the brightest in the current decade.
 Post relevant content already published on the portal Minor Planet Center of the International Astronomical Union.

The discovery of a new comet was made on September 21 at the time of the observations at the observatory in Kislovodsk, which is part of an international network of observatories ISON. After the discovery of the origin of comets, it has been confirmed by a number of observatories, including Mount Lemmon Observatory, located in the U.S., Maidanak Observatory in Uzbekistan.Comet C/2012 S1 received index (ISON).

According to the calculations, the new comet in November next year, will be held at a distance of 0.012 astronomical units, that is, the average radius of the orbit of the Earth from the sun’s shining, and already 26 December 2013 — at 0.42 AU from Earth.

Experts ISON-NM observatory point out that, if the comet will not be destroyed during the approach, as happened with the comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin), then it will eclipse in its brightness even comet C/2011 L1 (Pan-STARRS ), thus becoming the brightest over the past decade.

At the moment, the comet is beyond the orbit of Jupiter. Its brilliance is estimated at about 18 magnitude. Interestingly, the comet has been observed previously in December last year and January this. Its recorded at the Observatory Mount Lemmon and Pan-STARRS, which allowed the calculation of the comet with the greatest accuracy.
As practice shows, to calculate the comet — employment, requiring considerable time, however, generally uncomplicated.Lover "catch" comets have to spend at least 200-250 hours to get a positive result, that is to open a new "tail" heavenly body. The most consummate hunter of comets is S. Pons, who a quarter of a century has opened three dozen new comets, his record so far, no one has beaten, and in fact he worked in the period from 1801 to 1827 years, but there are some pitfalls, because in those years, few people engaged in astronomy, so Pons was not a serious competition.

American Perrayiu of the Lick Observatory, set a record for the largest number of discoveries of comets in a short period of time. Since December 1895 by September 1898 he was able to open six new and two short-period comets. When astronomers talk about the present, then the palm holds Japanese amateur astronomer M. Honda, which has opened 12 new comets in the period from 1940 to 1968. A. Mrkos, the representative of Czechoslovakia, opened less than one in 11 years — from 1948 to 1959, and the American L. Peltier made 10 discoveries in 29 years, W. Bradfield of Australia also managed to open ten comets, but much faster than its predecessor — for seven years. Interestingly, the first three astronomers have long abandoned the case, while the Australian working hard for the good of the world of astronomy, hitting all fans and professionals of their dedication and all the new discoveries. The southern hemisphere of the Earth has never known such a persistent hunter of comets.

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