PM

The history of the creation of the PM pistol started for a long time before its official "birth". It was necessary to find a fundamentally new solution for the development of a new standard pistol which would become obsolete replaced TT. In the competition for the project of a new instrument took the role of many outstanding designers of automatic weapons so far: II Cancers, C, A. Korovin, PV Voevodin, FV Tokarev and others. Makarov at the time was still a student. After a long, full of drama was voted best test gun Vojvodina. But the war interrupted to bring a gun "to the mind." After the war, the newly announced competition beat Makarov. Makarov pistol, replacing the fifties Tokarev pistol was designed by cartridge, the design of which was inspired by the German 9mm cartridge "ultra". Abroad more than once suggested that the idea of the PM and patron of Russia's "considered" in desks plant designers "Walter" in 1945. Version controversial because at first the city of Zella-Mehlis, which was taken by the company, became the third U.S. Army, and part of the collection of guns, which was going for decades and included a very rare standards, was plundered Yankees. In the Soviet zone of occupation of Thuringia, at the Potsdam Conference, came only in June 1945, and our troops got only equipment. which was later deported to the Soviet Union, and the abandoned factory buildings have been blown up.

In the West, there is a tendency to refer to a Makarov pistol "Russian Walther PP", but this is misleading, although the PM, indeed, has a lot to do with the devices in the device "Walter." This is explained by the fact that at a time when developed a Makarov pistol, "Walter" was the most successful in the world of self-cocking pistol with a trigger by taking part in the competition for the design of a new cartridge for the Russian Army. After the war he went to work in the CDB-14, which launched work on a new semi-automatic pistol, designed to change the obsolete TT. Of the many developments that took part in the competition, was voted the best design Makarov pistol. The first batch of the PM was released at the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant in 1949, and since 1952 they began mass production. Create a gun was a significant achievement NF Makarova.

Designer himself explained own success so enormous work that has been done in the process of creating a gun. "Suffice it to say — he wrote — that at the time I worked every day, virtually seven days a week, from eight in the morning until two or three o'clock in the morning, with the result that I finished the shot and samples in two, and then three times more than my competitors, which, of course, has given a perfect opportunity to work out the reliability and survivability. " Besides working on the Makarov pistol engaged aircraft guns and anti-tank guided missiles. For his contribution to strengthening the defense of the homeland he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, he was a two time winner of the State Prize of the USSR, was awarded with 2 Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner. About Makarov pistol heard by everyone, but not everyone knows that he might not appear if not one happy event.

The fact is that, despite the adoption of the TT pistol into service, the search for good solutions for self-loading pistols for the commanders of the Red Army before the war did not stop. TT pistol were attributed not only really existed, and made-up bugs that are very shaken his position. For example, the gun was blamed for the fact that the trunk can not stick to the observation slit for shooting from inside the tank. By today's standards, it's just a funny requirement — he, by the way, does not meet either one of the best guns in the world. One way or another, but the result of this criticism was the announcement in 1938 of the contest to create a more perfect self-loading pistol of 7.62 mm. mechanism, but the existing unique features of the Makarov pistol certainly suggest his self-development. For many years, a Makarov pistol could not reach the sonorous of success on the international arms market. This is partly explained by the fact that the PM is not carried out for commercial sale, but only to replenish the arsenals of the army and police. In the 80 years of the Makarov pistol already among the military rarities. In recent years, hundreds of thousands of Makarov pistols manufactured in China, the former German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Russia practically "flooded" with international arms market. For the consumer, the PM did not have a wonder, he is now once again close to the TT, and again raises the old question: who is better?

9mm gun Makarov is the personal weapon of attack and defense, created to engage the enemy on small distances. The gun is simple in the device is comfortable to appeal and always ready for action. Compared with CT, he has the smallest size and weight, wins his maneuverability and reliability, due to the transition to the new, the smallest in length, cartridge and use a more conventional mechanism of the automation — free blow, power cartridge used inferior to CT, but its more caliber (9 mm instead of 7.62) allows you to keep stopping power. reliability and survivability. "Besides working on the Makarov pistol engaged aircraft guns and anti-tank guided missiles.

For his contribution to strengthening the defense of the homeland he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, he was a two time winner of the State Prize of the USSR, was awarded with 2 Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner. About the gun Makarova heard by everyone, but not everyone knows that he might not seem as if not one happy event. The fact is that, despite the adoption of the TT pistol into service, the search for good solutions for self-loading pistols for the commanders of the Red Army before the war did not stop. TT pistol were attributed not only really existed, and made-up bugs that are very shaken his position. For example, the gun was blamed for the fact that the trunk can not stick to the observation slit for shooting from inside the tank. By today's standards, it's just a funny requirement — he, by the way, does not meet either one of the best guns in the world. One way or another, but the result of this criticism was the announcement in 1938 of the contest to create a more perfect self-loading pistol of 7.62 mm. Makarov pistol was considered the best gun of the world of the twentieth century, along with "Browning", "Walter," Beretta ". Repetitive creation PM conducted at the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant for 50 years. During this period of time based on it created a whole family of pistols — service, gas pistols, models for export.

Technical Specifications
Ammunition 9x18mm PM
The mechanism of the return of free slide
Food store capacity of 8 rounds
Weight 0.73 kg unloaded complex;
Weight with Shopfitting 0.81 kg
Length 161 mm guns
Barrel length, 93.5 mm
Height 127 mm
The initial velocity 315 m / s
Sighting range, m 25 mm

In addition to the USSR

..PM carried out in Germany (GDR)

And also, Bulgaria and China.

The best (not only in my opinions) was the German version (different from the ordinary Russian only insignificant details). As usual, the German quality was up to par. "Bulgarian" and "Chinese" about the 1st property production, comparable with pistols issued in the USSR.
The fact that the Russian defense indu
stry issues, a whole galaxy of different IZhey, call Makarov can be a very big stretch.

This hack is different, for the worse, both in quality and in design. She gave a point to know the constant struggle to simplify the process.
It's completely understandable. In Izhevsk plant is virtually no competition. That release — and then take it.
In connection with the existing Russian weapons legislation now, the market instruments, such as absent.

Demolition

Usually, the service pistol rather partial disassembly, which can be done in a matter of seconds.

And the complete disassembly, which is recommended to create in the rarest cases, is not difficult. PM understands absolutely without any special tools, with the introduction of regular cleaning rod.

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