But, they had no idea of the terrible power of "wonder weapons" and all 20 years of the work was done on the problem of the creation of small pieces combining the characteristics of guns and machine under the pistol cartridge. The Germans have learned the fine experience of the late First World War.
Already in 1927, the company "Rheinmetall-Borsig" has developed the crotch cartridge 8×42, 5, and "Geber-28" weighing 4.5 kg with a 20-cartridge magazine. In 1934-1935,. 7,75 x40 cartridge made the company "Vollmer". Under it was prepared carbine "M 35" weighing 4.2 kg. Then the cartridges were made — 8,15 x46 company RWS, 7,5 x40 development and Walter DWM and the result was the patron of 7,92 x33 "polta» ((7.92 mm Kurz). Under it was created infantry weapon for shooting at 800m Development weapons ended in 1942 — have made "shturmgever-43."
Seasoned standards "intermediate" cartridges
The main types of 7.92mm ammunition automatic
7.75-mm automatic rifle Vollmer M.35III
Sturmgewehr (Shturmgever) — Machine (assault rifle) Haenel Schmeisser MP 43 MP 44 Stg.44 (Germany)
All recognizable by war, submachine gun, there is a highly specialized tool — in 1936, the Office issued an arms task to develop tools for the crews of tanks and armored cars. Was made sub-machine gun "Erma-36." With the war in Spain was made known "MP-38", which is also listed as special tool — for tankers and paratroopers. The gun went fairly common and not expensive (18 person-hours, 57 marks, for example: gun "Walter" achieved 13 man-hours at a cost of 31 brand carbine "Mauser 98k" — 22 person hours, 70 marks). Even more conventional "MP-40" cost 40 marks.
The Wehrmacht began to take sub-machine guns on the arms of officers and non-commissioned officers in the infantry. But the only unit where you can behold all armed with machine guns — Construction Organization Todt. Mass weapon of infantry were supposed to be and were at the end of the war "shturmgevery" previously infantry was armed with carbines in the database "98K".
Prior to the emergence of "shturmgeverov" infantry and tank units were armed and self-loading rifles «G.41 (M) 'and« G.41 (W) ».
In the development of small guns Reich track down the same trends as in the Soviet Union. The soldiers tried to give an automatic and long-range weapon, but not sub-machine guns and automatic rifles.
Submachine gun Erma ERMA 36 36
MP — 38
Carbine Mauser 98k
The situation with guns in the U.S.
The U.S. also took the time do "Miracletool" automatic in 1936 adopted an automatic rifle Garand. After some modifications (the problem with the exhaust system) in 1941 adopted a modified rifle, an old pererablotali under the new standard.
Statewide Infantry Division United States in 1940, armed standing 375 self-loading rifles, rifles 6942, 35 (!) Submachine guns, more than 7 million guns.