United Engine Corporation (UEC) was the owner of the blocking stakes in two major Perm engine-building enterprises — "Aero Engines’ (Design Bureau on the development of gas turbine engines for aircraft and industrial) and Perm Motor Plant (batch plant for the production of gas turbine engines). Made famous by the seller Engine-American company Pratt & Whitney.
APC now can safely integrate into its structure both companies (share of the corporation in their capital after the transaction exceeded 75%) and export the Russian aircraft with Perm engines without regard to the U.S. Department of State, "hacked to death" several lucrative deals for Russia.
Pratt & Whitney has bought a blocking stake "Aero Engines’ and Perm Motor Plant (PMZ) in 1997. The advantage of this deal for one of the four pools Russian engine-building plants (they are located in Samara, Perm, Ufa and Rybinsk) was the fact that American money they can not fall "to the bottom" in the absence of orders from aircraft manufacturers, like their counterparts, for example, in Samara. Moreover, the Americans were going to invest $ 125 million in "fine-tuning" of the most promising (at the time) of the Russian civil engine — SS 90 A2, which is supposed to be installed on the latest version of the passenger liner Tu-204 — Tu-204 SM. Naturally, the Permian plants was also good, although at the time of the PS-90 and its modifications due to lobbying resources are already supplanted advanced development of other domestic engine building companies on the periphery of the attention of the government (with the exception of "Saturn" with its French engine Sam146 for the Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft). The downside of this deal for the Russians was that Pratt & Whitney had access to research facilities and future development of the Russian engine, where the foreigners in Soviet times, the entrance was strictly forbidden. Less significant, since, contrary to popular belief, aircraft and rocket engines of our country, thanks to the Soviet school of engineering, a number of parameters so far ahead of similar Western models.
It is not known whether these "secrets" were useful to one of the three currently the world’s leading manufacturers of gas turbine engines (in the "big three" includes Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce and General Electric). But the prospects of PS 90 A2 is not justified for anybody. The Tu-204 SM, which was to put this modification of the Permian engines, so that he could fly to Europe late to the market at least ten years. If, as planned, he would have to do domestic airlines in the beginning of the century, that would have occurred in handy. But the first copies of the machine undergoing flight certification tests just now. And the carriers are not satisfied with any increased price of Tu-204SM, nor the fact that he is, in fact, a "transitional model" to a new hope of Russian aviation — aircraft MS-21, production of which will be launched in Irkutsk in 2016.
Export as Tu-204SM Pratt & Whitney «hacked" by the very fact of its existence in the authorized capital of the engine manufacturer for the aircraft. Launch customer for the aircraft in the amount of 50 cars PS 90 A2 was ready to become Iran. But the Americans have blocked the deal, as against the country were sanctioned U.S. Department of State.
And this is the second case where Pratt & Whitney has acted in Russian conductor of American politics, running counter to the interests of our state. Thanks to the actions, or rather inaction American colleagues still have not begun mass production of the Mi-38, which is to replace the well-known Mi-8/17. The machine must stand American engines PW 127/TS. However, when the question of the beginning of mass production of the Mi-38, Pratt & Whitney, according to the "Rostvertol" first began to stall for time, and then asked the U.S. government to provide a guarantee that the Mi-38 will not be used for military transport . And when the Russians were "passed" because of the two Indian tender for the supply of helicopters, the patience of the OPK "Oboronprom" has burst and now "Rostvertol" in cooperation with JDC urgently create a version of the Mi-38 with Russian (relatively) TV-powered 7-117V . However, every cloud has a silver lining — the Russians, of course, lost due to Pratt & Whitney for four years and a minimum order of 70 new helicopters, but now the United Engine Corporation task in a short time to adjust the design and production of a Russian helicopter engines for their own " full cycle "(now most of them do" Motor Sich "in Ukraine).
Purchase of shares of UEC Pratt & Whitney in "aircraft engines" and PMZ removes some of the problems associated with the influence of American policy in the Russian aircraft and helicopter. And now there are no obstacles, such as the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) set up about fifty Tu-204SM and sell them to Iran (if the Iranians are still needed, of course). In addition, the DCS removed the obstacles to the consolidation of the enterprises of the Perm engine-bush in a single NGO "Perm Motors", that is to return them the same form in which they actually existed in Soviet times — as a single production and the financial mechanism (similar to the process already committed with enterprises of Samara engine-bush).
And it is an NGO should be in the next few years to introduce a new line of Russian gas turbine engines PD-14, which, according to developers, will be in demand in the market for about 40 years. On these engines must fly the MC-21, they will eventually be transferred aircraft Sukhoi Superjet 100 will fly the new Russian "freighter" IL-476 will work with gas pumping units and thermal power stations. In general, a good engine, and the Russians will not have no one to ask where and how to put it.
However, ODC, and Pratt & Whitney, saying the deal with Perm plants worth at numerous references in the press, $ 7 million, emphasize that cooperation between the two Engine Corporation will continue. "The shares were repurchased on the agreed terms. Financial terms were not disclosed. Transaction is consistent with the government’s strategy to consolidate the Russian engine-building assets. We have always fully supported the Russian government in this direction, "- diplomatically told reporters at the Moscow office of UTC, which includes Pratt & Whitney. "The experience of many years of successful P & W with companies UEC may continue in the framework of cooperation under the MS-21 and other projects", — said the United Engine Corporation. "I believe that the cooperation of the American company with its Russian partners will continue, as they are interested in each other, have no mutual claims, but more importantly, they did not disclose the full potential of this collaboration, and they have more room to grow and achieve that", — stressed "Expert Online» leading expert of "Finam Management" Dmitry Baranov.
The piquancy of the situation is that the Pratt & Whitney performs a direct competitor to APC in the configuration engine aircraft MS-21. On the one hand, it is a normal practice Aircraft, manufacturer of the aircraft when it releases different versions with engines from different manufacturers. On the other — in the DCS recognize that this encourages them to engineering and technological enthusiasm. In Perm, has already announced that the PD-14 is economical a
nd compact the PW1000G, which the Americans are developing for the MS-21. This "technology" competition awaits two corporations continue. But to enter the capital each other, they are unlikely to want to.