JSC "MC" United Engine Corporation "and JSC" Scientific and Production Association "Saturn" ("Saturn") on July 8 this year, held a press conference on the engines for UAVs, the PAK-FA, cruise missiles, SSJ-100,
Earlier, in 2011, signed a similar contract with IBC "Rainbow" for the period 2011-2012. The press conference was attended by the Deputy Director General of the Criminal Code of ODC, the managing director of NPO "Saturn" Ilya Fyodorov, deputy managing director for programs of military gas turbine engines and special equipment NPO "Saturn" Ivan Markov. The following is a summary of speeches and I.Fedorova I.Markova and their answers to questions.
Engines for the "strategists"
I.Fedorov stopped for a brief history of the engines for cruise missiles (KR). This activity is "Saturn" is not made public, as it relates to the provision of state security.
When the CD started to develop the X-55, which are armed aircraft strategic (long-range) aircraft Tu-160 and Tu-95MS, for various reasons were preparing two engines — the first turbojet-50 Omsk engine design bureau, the second engine R95-300, which is the first hedge , is developing a "pochivshee" in the current circumstances KB "Union." The chief designer of the Kyrgyz Republic has decided to install X-55 engine R95-300. It was prepared under mass production in Ukraine at "Motor Sich". P95-300 engines were put into mass production and are widely used in a number of SD and CD air (Kh-55 and Kh-55SM), and sea-based. The scale of production engines can be said that in the year they were produced much more than a thousand copies.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union by former President Boris Yeltsin, Russia was given the task on import substitution, as strategic missiles and sea-based air should not depend in the manufacture of another state, even such friendly as Ukraine. Therefore, "Saturn" was chosen for the development of production of this engine. Now all the KR air, land and sea-based domestic engines are installed: on the basis of the engine turbojet-50A (aviabazirovaniya) and RDA-50B (sea-based). NPO "Saturn" has implemented this program of import substitution with strong support from the state. Now, as before, "Saturn" is working closely with the ICD "Rainbow", which developed a huge amount of missiles for the country’s security.
The Russian Defense Ministry has recently concluded long-term contracts for the supply of military equipment, which can reduce the price of manufactured goods by increasing their output.
The first production engine deliveries for UAV produced by NPO "Saturn" for the benefit of ICD "Rainbow" began in 2008. The volume of the first contract for the supply of 2008-2010. amounted to less than 1 billion rubles. Further program of serial deliveries of small engines for ICD "Rainbow" was split into two contracts. The first one was signed in 2011 with the implementation period 2011-2015. Negotiating the terms of the second contract was completed in the second quarter of 2013 and ended with the signing of the agreement in July 2013 total of two contracts between the "Saturn" and ICD "Rainbow" on the supply of engines from 2013 to 2015. exceeded 4 billion rubles. Relative to production 2010-2012. 2013-2015, the production program. increased 3.5 times.
Formed portfolio and implementation of measures the Federal Program "Development of the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation" (the Federal Program "Saturn" allocated 4.5 billion rubles for housing and the purchase of equipment) output NPO "Saturn" for the mass production of engines for UAVs, which is comparable with the scale of production that existed before the collapse of the Soviet Union.
I.Fedorov noted that the signed and preparing to sign contracts allow NPO "Saturn" plan the work for the next few years to expand production capacity.
Under the program the issue of new engines for UAVs management company NPO "Saturn" and JSC "OEDB" Omsk decided to merge, OEDB is also a developer and manufacturer of engines for UAVs. Output by NPO "Saturn" in the future will increase at times, and part of NPO "Saturn" will move to Omsk, which also has the qualifications of employees, and some of the slightly cheaper. Between the two companies for a long time, there is close cooperation in the field of industrial cooperation for the production of parts and assembly units, the extent of which will increase significantly after the merger.
Modernization and capacity expansion
I.Markov noted that the company is still in the 1980s, beginning work on the subject of small engines. In the "zero" years resumed mass production engine, "ed. 36", "Saturn" has created a number of modifications to its base, for example, "ed. 36MT", the layout of which was shown at the press conference. Characterized by the production of small amounts, but everyone knew that the volumes will grow, and now it’s time comes.
With MKB "Raduga" fully formed backlog amounting to more than 4 billion from 2013 to 2015. However, much to the increased volume of production does not go without preparation and capacity expansion. All maintenance and upgrading of the introduction of new production capacities are carried out within the framework of the Federal Target Program "Development of the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation." These works include the construction of new test facilities, production facilities, the introduction of high-performance equipment, hiring and training of qualified engineers and technical staff. In addition, also in the expansion of production capacity "Saturn" will be substantially increased participation of Omsk "OEDB" in cooperation for the benefit of supplying production program "Saturn." With the "OEDB" agreed that the competence of the assembly and testing of engines for marine use will remain "OEDB", and the assembly and testing of engines for UAV Airborne will be made on the "Saturn" and the production of individual parts will be carried out in the framework of cooperative deliveries .
I.Markov said that now it is only on the supply of engines for the benefit of ICD "Rainbow." Next in line to sign contracts for the supply of engines developed by NPO "Saturn" with the Corporation "Tactical Missiles" (TEV) and other customers. The contract to supply engines for UAV development TRV will be signed at MAKS in late August this year, and other customers — by the end of this year. Thus, in 2013, "Saturn" to complete the formation of the production program for the production of small motors up to 2015, inclusive.
On the engine for the PAK FA
Asked by reporters on the engine for a prospective fifth-generation fighter being developed by the program "promising aviation complex tactical aircraft" (PAK FA), I.Fedorov noted that work is being done extremely well under the leadership of chief designer STC them. Arkhip Cradles Eugene Marchukova. Design Bureau NPO "Saturn", headed by chief designer Yuri Shmotinym, did a great job on the new gas generator engine characteristics have turned out much better than expected by the customer. Now comes the final configuration of the motor and coordination with the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Dry questions on placing the engine on the aircraft. President of JSC "UAC" Mikhail Pogosyan puts a condition that the engine installed in the aircraft without any change in the support (now at T-50 or PAK FA fighter jet engines are installed ed. "117" before the new engine). Installing the engine of the second stage will dramatically increase the speed of the aircraft, as the increase traction and acceleration, in addition, the engine will be easier.
It should be noted that one of the conditions for the developer fighter is the price of a new engine — it should not be higher than the price of the engine, "ed. 117", which is set today, and this demand will be met and maintained. The engine in the production of the most cost-effective when it is released in large series, as it is today, for example, the engine AL-31 FP / FN in Moscow "Salute" and Ufa MPO. Today, there is confidence that even at half of the series, which now is, the production of the new engine will be cost-effective. Now an estimated price corresponds to the engine "izd.117."
The state defense order
I.Fedorov also explained that the funding of the state defense order is brilliant — volumes grow, all the documents are signed. Not yet signed a contract for the financing of airworthiness engines in combat units, but the NPO "Saturn" has taken this issue until it personally. No problems with the financing of repair of the D-30 for the Ministry of Defence no.
On civil programs and production of aircraft engines SaM-146
According to I.Fedorova, we must not talk about how much you plan to release the SaM-146, and what is the capacity of production. Today the issue of SaM-146 loss-making, which is normal for the aircraft engine in the world at development and during the first years of the issuance of new aircraft engines. Even the most successful CFM-56 engine for eight years, was not cost-effective. Basic earnings per civil aircraft engines of this type is obtained in the repair and supply of spare parts. Today, the possibilities of production SaM-146 on "Saturn" is composed of four engine in a month, two months will be issued six engines per month by the end of this year — eight engines per month. You can do more, but for this to be aircraft — aircraft engines provide serial production aircraft Sukhoi Superjet-100 in Komsomolsk-on-Amur (KnAAPO) in full. The task — to produce the required number of engines on the plan of production aircraft Sukhoi Superjet-100 plus two engines over those needed for the assembly of manufactured aircraft. On the "Saturn" engine production clearly meets the production plan for the aircraft KnAAPO. Now run 60 engines, this is what is planned for this year. In 2014, the "Saturn" will be able to make 90 engines, and in the future — for 120-150 engines per year. For the break-even production SaM-146 engines to be produced around 400 engines.
What NPO "Saturn" has learned, working with Snecma
I.Fedorov frankly said that "we have learned to design and produce engines with little or no marriage." Since the beginning of operation of the SaM-146 was recently one engine failure in Odessa, leaking oil, but there was not a single case with the creation of a difficult situation. "We are now working under the same rules and requirements for how work such companies as General Electric, Pratt & Whitney, Snecma, and on another" Saturn "can not work" — he stressed. Now the quality of products is laid on the development stage in the process of technological training, production and certification.
Experts Snecma shared with Russian colleagues their experience as they design engines. "Saturn" is definitely a good designs — brilliantly designed fan and all the "cool" part of the SaM-146. But to make the engine that it cheaper and with a minimum of parts and was effective in operation — that taught Snecma. Initially, SaM-146 went into service with the resource to technical condition, which previously could only dream of — 16,000 cycles. Gained valuable experience, experts NPO "Saturn" is now win grants and work with the aero engine companies around the world. "When was that Europe was paying Russia for such development?" — Wondered I.Fedorov?
Changing attitudes to the "Saturn" abroad
Regarding the change in attitude "Saturn" among the world’s leading aircraft engine companies I.Fedorov noted that the ratio of known Snecma — "Saturn" is their strategic partner, it is accepted by the Board of Directors of Snecma. When the question, where Pratt & Whitney would like to assemble engines PW-1400 for MS-21 in Russia, they said that only "Saturn" in Rybinsk. With General Electric while no serious contacts, but we must bear in mind that General Electric is a shareholder in the group of companies Safran, which also includes Snecma.
Exports account for about half of the work performed "Saturn," said I.Fedorov. The main partners are China and India, these countries have supplied engines such as D-30KP (China) and made technical maintenance and repair of this type of engine (China and India). "Saturn" a lot of work on the ground industrial gas turbines (GT), mainly with customers in South America, India, Europe, Argentina.
Relations with Ukraine
For miniature motors cooperation with JSC "Motor Sich" is impossible — they are different engines under construction. For tactical UAVs "NPO" Saturn "and JSC" Motor Sich "will compete primarily on price parameters, and the engines for the" strategy "- all production should be only in Russia.
AL-55 for India
NPO "Saturn", as noted I.Fedorov, implementing a set of measures to increase the life of the engine AL-55I developed by the Indian Air Force order for single-engine training aircraft HJT-36. At present, the de facto resource confirmed 300 hours, the documents will be signed at the end of the year. Already determined effort to further increase the resource. Engine flies well, the failure was not with him. Who solved the problem for the supply of an experimental batch of engines in India. UMPO has a contract for licensed production of these engines in India. With the AL-55 is just one problem — it is cheaper to do, you need a large series. It should be borne in mind that in the Russian engines for single-engine aircraft were not developed the last 50 years, and the reliability of these engines are increased requirements.
One of the themes of "Saturn", according to I.Fedorova is the creation of gas turbines for ships of the Navy of the Russian Federation. The strategy of "Saturn" for marine engines is that — for now big business in this area is not due to the lack of a large number of construction vehicles. But if you want to state, that such facilities will be made. This topic was previously too Ukrainian, but the "Saturn" was forced to do it — engines "75", "70" and "90" and the units on their base for Russian ships. At present, it is necessary to finish the test stand in Rybinsk. Stand — a very difficult, almost "Cyclopean" construction. "We know that the Defense Ministry has plans to build a number of ships, and we will be in three years for them to deliver our engines and aggregates" — summed I.Fedorov.
About hypersonic technology
Asked about hypersonic I.Fedorov replied that "Saturn" is now engaged in the theory of hypersonic speeds with CIAM. "We do not have the customer on the creation of such weapons. I think that in the next 10 years to create a hypersonic for the transport of persons or as a hypersonic weapon is unreal," — suggested the managing director of "Saturn". Today’s development of technology does not allow people to keep the inside of the object at a speed of M = 12-13 — the design is so strong heat and strong overload. If we talk about weapons, the Soviet time we came close to hypersonic vehicles — ICB "Rainbow" was a leading enterprise in this part, and achieved great success, and it started with a sea missiles, and then continued on the unit GLA and it is no secret that it was combat missile.
Referring to works by ODC piston engines, including drones, I.Fedorov said that Russia in the design and manufacture of piston engines, which are now in demand for UAVs, lagged far behind the leading companies in the world. At present, lost footage, working on piston engines, lost technology, and the organization of production in Russia piston engines need to buy a license to train professionals and develop this type of engines. It should be remembered that the motor industry for aviation in our country in many ways began with the production license.
I.Fedorov told that at the next International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2013, which will take place at the end of August this year, the stand "Oboronprom" will demonstrate a prototype of the Russian aircraft engine PD-14 development of the Permian of "Aircraft Engine" for prospective MS-21 . During the show will be shown a prototype engine, which to the greatest extent close to the real model, which will be certified.
It was decided that the certification rules and regulations of the Aviation Register of Interstate Aviation Committee and the European EASA certification center PD-14 will be held at the same time. At present the main characteristics of the engine, the prototype, and are confirmed in the tolerances tactical and technical requirements of the customer — Industry and Trade Ministry. Parent company to establish a PD-14 engine is "Aircraft Engine", but the "Saturn" makes a considerable amount of work on the cold parts of the engine.
The importance of Russia for creating UEC
The final question of the journalists were asked to assess the role of APC in the development of the Russian engine. I.Fedorov believes that the creation of "CC" United Engine Corporation ‘(APC) saved the Russian engine, and if APC does not appear four years ago, the engine in Russia, perhaps there would not be. Should be remembered that in the DCS "Saturn" came from 27.5 billion debt, it was extremely difficult situation and that of other companies engine. Thanks to a business combination in the DCS managed to keep the engine building for the country. Moreover, with the creation of APC has managed to combine design potential of the industry. "Saturn" conducted a very difficult job to determine how much and what kind of qualifications in the country left engine designers. So now the ODC has a clear idea about the kind of CB that can and is capable of doing. main objective is the preservation and development of the design capacity of the leading engineering schools in our country.