Prospects of development of military vehicles for the period up to 2020

Shevchenko AA, Chief Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Dear colleagues, at the outset, first, I want to thank the committee for giving the podium to speak at your illustrious institution and, secondly, I liked the performance of Maxim Valerevicha. Instead, the preamble to the statement I would like to draw attention to two spoken thesis. The first — the creation of all-wheel drive vehicles by the end of 2020 and the second — training and practice. Creating a four-wheel drive vehicles by the end of 2020 for us, this is critical. Why? Because now we have worked out a new type. In the near future the Minister of Defence will be approved and will come into force by order.

Based on the facial features of the new Department of Defense in the near future will put the problem in the development of a competitive environment in a line of new machines based on universal platforms, and we want to get a new four-wheel drive car that will take its rightful place in the tactical and operational level. Will it really be the development of "Mustang" or "rail car", it all depends on sitting here teachers and students.

According to the second thesis — training and practice. I am proud to say that the experts of the main Armored Directorate — and that we do not hide the last time YOU have to talk with the design departments of manufacturers in Europe and Asia. We talk to you with the automobile industry in France, Germany, and we want you to talk with representatives of the Russian automobile industry.

I want to dedicate my speech to the new type. Qualitative change of purpose military vehicles against the backdrop of intense development of the means to detect and defeat a potential enemy causes a significant expansion and tightening of the tactical and technical requirements. In the future, the required average speed of vehicles on our calculations to be increased from 20-30 to 40-45 km / h on gravel roads, and the first time we propose the requirements when the mass of explosive, which should be maintained at the life and health of the crew, increases in 10-15 times 10-12 0.7 kg. The development of high-precision weapons determines the need for the development and implementation of new methods and materials development, which will significantly reduce the visibility of military vehicles.

However, in 90 years there has been a backlog of domestic vehicles, including all-wheel drive, from the best foreign analogues in the parameters of reliability, safety and ergonomics. To solve the problems encountered at the beginning of 2010 the Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation approved the concept of the development of military vehicles for the period up to 2020. I would like to dwell on the concept.

One and a half years she was born, one and a half years was consistent, year and a half passed through the thorns, and we are strictly working on it, in which science and the automotive industry has been given the task of assimilating into the national all-wheel-drive vehicle technology the most advanced achievements of the foreign car industry, while maintaining the traditional benefits of the domestic automotive technology. Based on the research was justified type military vehicles for the period up to 2020. This is our road map, and he will go all the technical tasks. The main difference of the facial features from all the previous is the inclusion of a new type of military vehicles — protected vehicles for which we have the most critical gap from their foreign counterparts.

Based on the analysis of combat losses of personnel, equipment of military operations of the last decade, the study of foreign experience in the creation and use of armored vehicles, their combat capabilities and the means to detect and defeat the enemy, and based on the available scientific and technical potential in Russia developed the concept of integrated protection of armored wheeled military vehicles for the period up to 2020.

The second policy document to date with the projected capacity of the domestic auto industry in the implementation of the future requirements of the Minister of Defence to the level of the basic tactical and technical requirements of military vehicles — the current system of common technical requirements (OTT) supplemented with reference to a new type of security vehicle.

For the first time we have a third policy document that clearly says what we want. On the basis of multi-purpose vehicle in the direction of increased security, and in order to secure the approbation OTT cars had developed a family of protected vehicles — "The Bear". The development of a family of "The Bear" has revealed the need for a fundamentally new approach to the creation of protected vehicles. The result is that just two years ago, the retreat of the report, in a competitive environment, we have issued two technical tasks before worked OTT and finished concept.

Two technical reference for the development of "protected vehicles," which are very necessary and critical demand in the military. In the competitive environment of the two design offices, two manufacturing plants in the initiative order, using the full power of their potential and the latest developments abroad, have created mock-way designs, which were presented to the management of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, and received the approval of the Supreme Commander. This is the first time a unique process and practice ahead of theory and design documents. And today decided that all costs associated with the development of the Ministry of Defence buys cars, while two projects were open — OCD Typhoon, which you have read in the press. OCD is called Typhoon U — it’s Ural Typhoon K & D is a Kamaz.

For the first time into a state contract, the money allocated for the development of the line of cars on these versatile platforms. We demanded in these projects create for the armed forces with Typhoon 4×4, with a level of protection equivalent to or superior to NATO vehicles, vehicles with 6×6 vehicles and 8×8 and 10×10 elaborate further. I want to draw attention to these projects. These projects were born, when the industry realized that it is necessary in order not to leave the market, and, as mentioned, the Ministry of Defence votes with money — have the money to buy the best equipment. For the first time in harsh environments, from design to create machines was carried out project development and management of R & D for next year, we now are fighting over the daunting task of how to speed up how compressed the designer’s work to soon get a letter "0", and I’m already in April should report to the Minister of Defence, as these machines to purchase, at least one battalion by letter "0" for our armed forces.

Now count and think. It took just 2.5 -3 years — is not this jerk for our car industry? After the constructors’ Rheinmetall "saw the car 6×6, they were delighted. Vehicle 6×6 "Typhoon-U" a week ago, I signed a document under which it will be exhibiting at the Euro SATR. At her now pay attention not only to the CIS countries, but also burning with Africa and Asia. And all this for 3 years.

The development of protected wheeled vehicles is based on an aggregate of modern element base, and military-technical aspect associated with the development of automobile platforms. And here we go with the problems of the power plant, electronically controlled, hydraulic mechanical transmission with automatic control, independent controlled hydropneumatic suspension, on-board information and control system, composite armor, mine-protected boestoykimi wheels, a highly effective means of tracking the terrain, modern facilities life support.

The legislative part of the fleet of military vehicles is determined by evidence-based facial features, we’re t
alking about, which is a limited list of standard and future military vehicles, mandatory for use by all departments to be ordered, the choice of base vehicle chassis for installation of advanced equipment. The main task of facial features provided — to ensure the fullest satisfaction of the needs of the armed forces in the automotive engineering minimum number of samples. Another distinctive feature of the new facial features to be introduced in 2012, is the creation of advanced automotive platforms for the installation of the newly created weapons and military equipment. It is programs such as Typhoon, the program and the program of the Arctic Platform.

When justifying the nomenclature promising vehicles for inclusion in another type comprehensive analysis of the requirements of the customer to weapons and military equipment to the types of military vehicles, intended to be used for assembly, towing, transportation systems and advanced models of weapons, as well as a comparative evaluation of the proposed Designs for these requirements.
Thus, in 2011-2020, the type includes only the types of military vehicles that meet the future requirements of the troops and have a sufficient level of performance characteristics. The creation of our military families automotive industry automotive technology, incorporated into a new type that meets future requirements, will increase the combat capabilities of military vehicles. I want to say that today, with the installation of a secure car remotely controlled unit — a machine turns into something comparable to an armored personnel carrier. I hope you understand where we’re going, what we need technologies which need solutions.

The need to achieve parity in the near future on a technological level of domestic and foreign military vehicles, automotive and industrial science require a large number of professionals who are prepared in the walls of the famous Moscow State Technical University "MAMI". Main Armor Management hopes that they possess good knowledge and will be able to participate in the creation of promising military vehicles, and using the most advanced technical solutions and technologies.

I would like to draw particular attention to the combined power plant. This is the first problem for the armed forces. The second problem for the armed forces — is the transmission, control and suspension system, on-board information and control systems, providing comprehensive protection for military vehicles. This is just a small list of what we actually encounter in creating new machines. This is the list of small problems, without which, I think, all-wheel drive, which is needed for the armed forces can not be created. Require experts in the field of new materials to ensure a promising technique necessary level of security. I stressed at the outset that the first time we laid the thesis that the life of a soldier above all.

I am sure that in our high school and the automotive industry, these tasks will decide they are on the shoulder. Therefore, the program emphasizes the Typhoon, we can all, when there are clear goals and there are specialists. Once again I want to thank you for your attention. I am pleased to speak from this podium, I hope that the pain we have made and are open for cooperation! Thank you!

Proceedings of the 77th International Scientific and Technical Conference AAI "car and tractor in Russia: Development Priorities and Training"


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