"Radioastron" has broken a course of scientific thought. Russian radio telescope gave unexpected results to two international teams of astronomers who study distant galaxies and pulsars, refuted the theory of the behavior of the interstellar medium in our galaxy.
Now, scientists are forced to rethink the decisions taken and a half years ago, before the advent of orbiting space observatory. "Radioastron" came, saw, hit — paraphrases the head of Caesar’s early scientific program Yuri Kovalev:
"The theory of the interstellar medium have been laid results of astronomical measurements, which until now are only in the observations of space objects with the Earth.
We have for the first time at long wavelengths 92 and 18 cm using ground-space interferometer able to conduct experiments and obtained new scientific information that was not there before. It was found that it does not fit, can not be explained by this theory. "
Purely theoretically, it appeared that the radio waves coming to us from distant objects in the universe, bend interstellar plasma, and even sensitive "Radioastron" with a resolution of 7 microseconds can not focus. It was considered the most that he can do — see the "Friends of space," blurred features. What to say about such weak sources as pulsars — small dead stars the size of the Garden Ring — now still talks about them Head of the Department of Astro Space Center of the Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences Mikhail Popov:
"The very neutron star — only 10 kilometers in diameter, it can be placed within the Moscow Ring Road, it weighs more than the Sun. Its a very strong magnetic field produces the aurora, only more grandiose than on Earth.
These lights generate radio waves. Volume from which these radio waves come from, is less than a kilometer. Such an object — the most compact in space. Therefore, we were confident that they represent a point of no image is not and can not be never. "
However, the "Radioastron" of his far-sightedness surprised even its creators. Together with a network of ground-based radio telescopes, it forms a single measuring instrument — the interferometer. Its power is thousands of times higher than working in the optical American "Hubble". With such a resolution, and managed to see what the theorists have not seen even in their wildest speculation. In practice, researchers have unexpectedly received positive results continue to Mikhail Popov:
"According to this theory, we pulsar with such distances do not have to see it turn into a cake. We thought we study the structure of the patty, but it turned out all wrong. Instead of the expected uniform circle of confusion, hardly distinguishable from our sensitivity, we saw the bright stars, which live for a while, and then disappear, and in their place there are others. We are surprised: thought it would be a pancake, and left some peas. "
In general, man does not have. But was unsuccessful and com. Now science — and the Pea, which means that she does not sit still. Following this discovery, the study of pulsars makes perfect sense for them will undertake detail. Especially because they allow correcting the theory of propagation of radio waves in the interstellar medium, to predict the behavior of other space objects and get to the center of our galaxy. And it is already out on a whole other level of sensationalism, shares the secret of Yuri Kovalev:
"I will tell you a little secret. Maybe having a better understanding of how the interstellar medium, we will be able to help some clever techniques and approach to the black hole at the center of our galaxy."
Permissions "Radioastron" should be enough for him to see the event horizon of the black hole. And this is a claim for the brightest discovery in modern astronomy. So the ability of the domestic radio telescope may allow him to see the Nobel Peace Prize. However, to top it all, he will try to measure the universe pulsars.