December 19 General Manager of the State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko approved the act of readiness "dry" storage of spent nuclear fuel
This means that one of the biggest projects in the field of Rosatom SNF successfully implemented. All systems are "dry" storage activated. The order of the Government of the Russian Federation carried out on time, with the specified technical parameters and with the financial condition of the Federal Target Program "OYARB."
"Dry" storage plant is designed for long-term safe storage of spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Its value for the nuclear power industry characterizes Russia, including the fact that the federal target program "Nuclear and Radiation Safety in 2008 and for the period up to 2015" construction "dry" storage facility is the first point.
The first start-up complex of "dry" storage facility designed to accept spent nuclear fuel from Russian RBMK-1000 nuclear power plants. Currently RBMK-1000 is stored in the pre-station "wet" storage of nuclear power plants, many of which are close to the limit to the level. The timely commissioning of the "dry" storage at the Mining and Chemical Combine technically ensure safe handling of spent nuclear fuel for more than 50 years. Mining and Chemical Combine complex provides safe handling of spent nuclear fuel — not only storage but also transportation — at the same time with the construction of the technological complex storage when all work on the formation of the rolling stock, transport and packaging. December 3, 2011 formed the train was sent to the Leningrad nuclear power plant for the first batch of spent nuclear fuel. Returning to the first tier of SELA is expected in early 2012.
"Dry" is a repository of spent nuclear fuel processing facility for receiving, handling, and storage of sealed containers of spent nuclear fuel in a specially equipped room storage. Nests storage are metal tubes of special design. "Dry" storage provides significant advantages — in the process chain is not the generation of radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel is stored in casks made of stainless steel, which are hermetically welded and filled with an inert gas, which provides a complete absence of corrosion, decay heat of spent nuclear fuel is removed free stream of air from the surface of the canister. For storage requires no manufacturing operations — SNF, placed in the nests of storage, fully autonomous, nuclear and radiation safety. Guaranteed shelf life is defined in 50 years. Earthquake-resistant building is made of reinforced concrete, general designer of the GOP "VNIPIET" (St. Petersburg), the capacity of capital investments — 16 billion rubles.
Design of the construction of "dry" storage facility began in 2003. The main construction work unfolded only in 2006, when at the leadership level of the country have been taken in principle to the development of nuclear power and nuclear fuel cycle. At the time the head of the MCC P. Gavrilov backlog of construction, based on the setting of the date of filling-station storage plant, was one and a half years. By early 2008, the backlog was completely eliminated, however, due to changes in financing conditions, a change of general contractor. The work was resumed in 2009. The new general contractor "Bureyagesstroy" successfully coped with the tasks, the annual gap was eliminated and the construction works were completed on time. In December 2010, the Mining and Chemical Combine began commissioning and trial operation of node overload. During 2011, were successfully installed all of the elements of the complex process of "dry" storage and 9 December departmental committee of the State Corporation "Rosatom", headed by the Director of the Directorate of NRS Oleg Kryukov signed the act of readiness "dry" storage facility to work with RBMK-100. December 19 approved the act Kiriyenko.
"Dry" storage MCC — this is a unique structure that is in scope, level of security and complex technical solutions is unparalleled in the world. The successful implementation of this project is the next step to create at the Mining and Chemical Combine technological complex for the closure of the nuclear fuel cycle. Recall that in the summer of 2011 MCC was licensed by the results of reconstruction of "wet" storage facility for spent nuclear fuel capacity 8,600 tons of uranium dioxide. Already established at the Mining and Chemical Combine the power of "dry" and "wet" storage of nuclear energy provide the needs Russia for safe handling of spent nuclear fuel for the next 15 years. During this time, will be constructed and put into operation
Commissioning of the starting complex of the "dry" storage has become a landmark event. Last comparable in complexity and importance of an industrial facility of the nuclear fuel cycle at the Mining and Chemical Combine was built more than a quarter-century ago, in 1985, was commissioned in the "wet" storage of spent nuclear fuel.