Rebuttal visit

The increased demand in Russia and abroad on the air defense systems stimulates the development of production capacity

  • The assembly shop of the factory "Arsenal". (Photo by Victor Litovkin)

The management of JSC "Moscow Machine-Building Plant" Avangard "held a press tour for the national media correspondents. Journalists were able to familiarize themselves with the production process leading enterprise, a member of JSC "Concern PVO" Almaz-Antey "and issuing anti-aircraft missiles for air defense SAM systems large and medium-range missiles. During the inspection of the main shops of the enterprise guide for journalists was CEO of MMP "Vanguard" Gennady Kojin.


Beginning of the century the company has met both literally and figuratively in ruins. All this was the result of perestroika and the negative events of the 1990s that led to the loss of industrial control systems. The plant, which was considered until recently the head in the production of missiles for the S-75, S-125, idle without defense contracts. Funding has been reduced to almost zero, the company died and was actually on the verge of bankruptcy.

Stabilization and gradual recovery of the plant, said Gennady Kojin occurred since its entry into the JSC "Concern PVO" Almaz-Antey ". It was established in 2002 in accordance with the decisions taken at the highest political level. As part of the new structure were combined 46 enterprises: factories, research and production associations, design centers and research institutes that are engaged in the development and production of anti-aircraft missile systems of small, medium and long range, the main types of radar radar surveillance and automated control systems . With the help of the "Almaz-Antey" performed sanitation company, went from bankruptcy, failed to protect the production capacity from the onslaught of various so-called shadow government. Today the situation has changed radically. Plant in terms of production was not yet on the level that was in the days of the Soviet Union, providing air defense forces, but by capacity production facilities suited to it.

General manager of Gennady Kojin complained that recently appeared in the media materials that have expressed negative judgments about the performance of the enterprise and predict it irreversible crisis. According to him, there are problems, but they are solved and are working character with positive dynamics. Some reporters have joked that the press tour to a private company and previously called the desire to clearly refute the "negative."

In the framework of the federal target program for the reform of the defense industry in the years 2011-2020 to retool MMZ "Vanguard" will receive nearly 2 billion rubles.

These funds have already been planned, and by 2015 about 1 billion 200 million rubles. will go to the purchase of equipment, more than 600 — for the construction work to upgrade the infrastructure of the plant, which manufactures missiles for air defense missile systems S-300 and S-400. Kojin said, the plant is currently spending around 100-120 mln. a year to upgrade equipment.

In the last two or three years at the plant have improved many processes. Use of new materials, procedures and technical re-equipment, modernization, improvement and reconstruction of industrial sites. Prior to that, for reasons mentioned earlier the company was operating on the machine park, made in the 1970s of the last century. Now the company has a profit margin of about 6%, and in the future it will increase by upgrading equipment. Due to modernization will significantly increase the productivity and profitability. Together with the concern addressed almost all the issues related to modernization. On the basis of the enterprise, involving Bauman set up an innovation center "Vanguard".

The situation changes dramatically in the area of production. In the past year, "Vanguard" has signed with the Ministry of Defence of Russia four-and five-year contracts. The next few years will be the sole supplier of MMP ammunition for anti-aircraft missile system S-400 "Triumph". As explained by the CEO, "so we were occupied with orders until at least 2015." The company compared to the year 2003 there was a general increase in the supply of almost 40 times.

In the framework of the state defense order this year has received advances on February 2, already producing anti-aircraft missiles for the S-300 and S-400. Contracts provided for an annual increase in the supply of the latest versions of missiles. Recently, the amount of the issue of anti-aircraft missiles, assigned to the needs of the Armed Forces of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, exceeded exports.

ERRORS are expensive

The production site on which you are building anti-aircraft missiles looks quite modern. The feeling of well cause the so-called mirror floors, cleanliness, constantly maintained in the winter average temperature of 23 degrees. Employees of businesses that feeling more often cause rows neatly spread out transport-launch containers and compartments missiles in varying degrees of readiness. They serve as a clear demonstration of the amount of work for the near future.

Kozhina journalists to address, among other things, have shown (without photo and video), a number of issues that are considered crucial in the process of assembling the rocket, which has a huge potential inherent in its very structure.

The technological cycle of a rocket is the most difficult part — is its filling. The process also is very complex and specific. Electroplaits kilometers, hundreds of different sites, places of attachment of certain elements of anti-aircraft missiles. Any error, defect in electrical circuits, or chips will lead to failure, failure of performance rocket. The military is very strict approach to the assessment of the quality of work, and when the rocket flies do not go where needed, put up with serious penalties.

Therefore, MMP operates a strict system of quality control: the entrance control checks at each stage and the final control. Each such inspection shall be recorded and issued as a legal document. "Also, we are putting penalties subcontractors, — continued the CEO. — If the product does not pass inspection, then I send a complaint notification and penalties. "

After completing assembly of anti-aircraft missiles are transferred to the control and test station (CIS). Here, check the correct connection of all electrical connectors and assemblies. Thereafter it roll into a container, and next it passes verification in CDS. At this time seal. TPK immersed in a special bath filled with water. There are bubbles on the water surface, so the marriage. At the successful completion of this test anti-aircraft missile is no longer subject to any checks. In the army it can be performed only two cycles: the preparation for the launch or alteration by letter. Maintenance works for all of the storage of the product and it is not less than 10 years old are not executed.

Construction of two plants in Kirov and Nizhny Novgorod on release from SAM CEO "Vanguard" does not cause any concern about the future prospects and the fate of the company. Today, the number of orders is such that the guide does not preclude the introduction of the second shift. Since this year is planned to work with suppliers to be proactive in order to start the program in
2013 to "Vanguard" and allied enterprises in the second half of this year. On some issues, especially in the scientific and technological developments, it is already set up a reserve for the years 2014-2015.

The troops intensively in the process of learning. Conducted more target practice. According to Gennady Kozhina, after 2015, even with the commissioning of new plants Concern "Almaz-Antey" all production areas will be loaded to the max. In addition, MMP "Vanguard" has been producing rockets for state tests and experienced parties to create new systems or upgrading existing ones.

"We -" golovniki ", our products will always be in demand," — said the head of MSW.


For domestic systems of the C-300 and C-400 is a very strong interest abroad. Some are planning to buy them, others — find out sensitive information, and the third draw constructive solutions related to the category of intellectual property.

The general director of the plant said: problems with the protection of intellectual property rights in the enterprise arose with China and Israel. However Kojin doubt that foreign powers will be able to copy the Russian S-300 missiles and to them. "We have such moments, which are generally in principle, it will be very difficult to reproduce, and no China will never create a semblance of our missiles," — he said. In addition, the access of foreign representatives in the assembly shop of the plant is strictly prohibited.

Chinese designers have managed to create its own set of HQ-9, which is the approximate copy of the Russian S-300. "This combination — it is the Chinese counterpart, on trehsotku not like", — said the head of the company.

China — one of the main consumers of Russian arms and, in particular, means of defense. In 2010, Concern "Almaz-Antey" execute a contract to supply China with 15 battalions of S-300 "Favorite". A year later, the Federal Security Service has accused Chinese citizen Tun Shenyuna in an attempt to collect data for a cash consideration "of technological and repair documentation for the anti-aircraft missile system S-300, containing a state secret." It is assumed that the defendant acted on the instructions of the Ministry of Public Security of China under the guise of a translator for official delegations.

Domestic complexes generally have a number of advantages when compared to the MIM-104 Patriot. Our trehsotki chetyrehsotke and within five minutes transferred from traveling to combat, in the U.S. it takes half an hour. In modern warfare, is an important factor, because the mobility of the system — a very important point to ensure its viability.

Other advantages include the fact that Russian is provided with a vertical launch complexes with further anti-aircraft missile hitting a target in azimuth at 360 degrees. On the U.S. Patriot missile launch area in azimuth from 0 to 180 degrees and inclined start — 38 degrees.

The head of "Crusade" called nonsense application of so-called experts speaking in the media alleging that there is no long-range anti-aircraft missiles for the S-400.

If the first missiles S-300 had a range of 75 km, it is today one of the modifications of anti-aircraft missile 48N6 engage targets at a range of 250 km. According to Kozhina, its potential — 320 km. Mentioned range adapted to both the S-300PM, and the C-400.

The system S-300 was the 55th anti-aircraft missiles. In their place after an in-depth modernization of the total came to a number of new products 48N6. They are by far the best in the world. "We now have a contract on a new long-range missile and carry, "- He said.

2012-04-27 / Yuri Vasiliev — a military journalist.

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