Today in our country operates 10 nuclear power plants (a total of 33 power installed capacity of 25.2 GW), which produce about 16% of the electricity produced. In the European part of Russia, the share of nuclear power is 30% and the North West — 37%. Organizational all nuclear power plants are branches of JSC "Concern" Rosenergoatom "(included in the controlled state corporation" Rosatom "of" Atomenergoprom "), which is the second in Europe in terms of energy by nuclear power generation, second only to the French EDF, and the first in terms of generation in the country .
- View of the station from a height.
Location: near Balakovo (Saratov region).
Types of plants: VVER-1000
Years of commissioning: 1985, 1987, 1988, 1993
Balakovo NPP is one of the largest and most modern Russian energy companies, providing a quarter of the electricity production in the Volga Federal District. It supplies energy for the Volga region (76% of electricity supplied), Centre (13%), the Urals (8%) and Siberia (3%). It is equipped with VVER reactors (pressurized water reactor vessel type using water under pressure). Electricity Balakovo — the cheapest among all the nuclear power plants and thermal power plants in Russia. The capacity factor (load factor) at Balakovo NPP is more than 80%. The station on the results of 1995, 1999, 2000, 2003 and 2005-2007. honored with the title of "Best Russian nuclear power plants."
Location: near Zarechniy (Sverdlovsk region).
Types of plants: AMB-100/200 the BN-600
Units: 3 (2 — decommissioned) + 1 stage construction
Years of commissioning: 1964, 1967, 1980
This is the first large power plant in the country’s history of nuclear power and the only one with different types of reactors at the site. It is on the Kola nuclear power plant operated by the world’s powerful unit with a fast neutron reactor BN-600 (№ 3). Fast-breeder reactors are designed to significantly increase the fuel base of nuclear energy and to minimize the amount of waste due to the closed nuclear fuel cycle. Power units number 1 and number 2 worn out, and in the 80s were taken out of service. The block number 4 reactor BN-800 is planned to be commissioned in 2014.
- Beloyarsk NPP
Location: near Bilibino (Chukotka)
Types of plants: EGP-6
Years of commissioning: 1974 (2) 1975, 1976
The station produces about 75% of the electricity generated in the isolated Chaun-Bilibino energy (in this system accounts for about 40% of electricity consumption in Chukotka). The NPP operates four uranium-graphite channel reactor installed capacity of 12 MW each. The station produces both electricity and thermal energy that goes into heating Bilibino.
Bilibinskaya the northernmost nuclear power plant in the world.
- Bilibinskaya NPP
Location: near Udomlya (Tver region).
Reactor type: VVER-1000
Year of commissioning: 1984, 1986, 2004, 2012
Kalinin nuclear power plant operating four power units with pressurized water reactors VVER-1000 reactors of 1000 MW (e) each.
- Kalinin NPP
Location: near the city of Polar Zori (Murmansk region).
Reactor type: VVER-440
Year of commissioning: 1973, 1974, 1981, 1984
Kola nuclear power plant, located 200 km south of Murmansk on the shores of Lake Imandra, is a major supplier of electricity for the region’s industrial development. The plant has four power units with VVER-440 V-230 project (blocks № № 1, 2) and B-213 (block number number 3, 4). Generated power — 1760 MW. In 1996-1998. recognized as the best Russian nuclear power plant.
- Kola NPP
Location: near the city of Kurchatov (Kursk region).
Reactor type: RBMK-1000
Year of commissioning: 1976, 1979, 1983, 1985
The Kursk nuclear power plant is located on the left bank of the Sejm, 40 km south-west of Kursk. It operates four power units with RBMK-1000 reactors (uranium-graphite reactors channel-type reactor) with a total capacity of 4 GW (e). In the 1993-2004 years. have been radically modernized units of the first generation (block number number 1, 2), in 2008-2009. — Units of the second generation (№ № 3, 4). Currently Kursk NPP demonstrates a high level of security and reliability.
- Kursk NPP
Location: near the town of Pine Forest (Leningrad region).
Type of reactor: RBMK-1000
Units: 4 + 2 under construction
Year of commissioning: 1973, 1975, 1979, 1981
SELA was the first station in the country with RBMK-1000. It was built 80 km west of St. Petersburg, on the Gulf of Finland. Kursk NPP Unit 4 electric capacity of 1,000 MW each. Currently under construction the second stage of the station (see the Leningrad NPP-2 below).
- Leningrad NPP
Location: near Novovoronezh (Voronezh region).
Reactor type: VVER different power
Units: 3 (2 more decommissioned)
Year of commissioning: 1964, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1980
Russia’s first nuclear power plant with VVER reactors. Each of the five reactors of the plant is a prototype serial power reactors. Power unit number 1 was equipped with VVER-210
unit number 2 — VVER-365, power number number 3, 4 — VVER-440 unit number 5 — VVER-1000 reactor. Currently, the plant operates three power (power units № № 1,2 were stopped in 1988 and 1990.). Novovoronezh NPP-2 is being built on the NPP-2006 project using the reactor VVER-1200. The general contractor for construction of Novovoronezh NPP-2 acts of "AEP" (Moscow).
Location: near Volgodonsk (Rostov region).
Units: 2 + 2 under construction
Year of commissioning: 2001, 2010
Rostov nuclear power plants are located on the shore of the reservoir Tsymlyansk, 13.5 km from Volgodonsk. It is one of the largest energy companies of the South of Russia, providing about 15% of annual electricity generation in regione.Energoblok number 2 was put into commercial operation December 10, 2010.
- Rostov NPP
Location: near Desnogorsk (Smolensk region).
Year of commissioning: 1982, 1985, 1990
Smolensk nuclear power plant — one of the leading energy companies in the North-West region of Russia. It consists of three units with RBMK-1000. The station was constructed in 3 km from the satellite city of Desnogorsk, in the south of the Smolensk region. In 2007, she became the first Russian nuclear power plant received a certificate of quality management system international standard ISO 9001:2000. SNPP — large enterprises of the Smolensk region, the share of revenue from it to the regional budget is more than 30%.
- Smolensk NPP
Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant
The world’s first nuclear power plant. Was launched in 1954 and stopped in 2002. Currently, the station is created on the basis of the museum.
- Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant
Commissioning 1958. Nuclear power plant in the city of Seversk (Tomsk-7) of the Tomsk region. A second nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union and the first commercial nuclear power plant in the country (in Obninsk reactor had a capacity of 6 MW).
Its main purpose was the time between weapons-grade plutonium for the Siberian Chemical Combine (in his station includes a division of "Reactor Plant") that produce heat and electricity were only a useful by-product.
Conclusion From 2008 operating practices.
- Siberian nuclear power plant cooling towers
In the Next technical review of nuclear power plants will be constructed in Russia.