Review of existing nuclear power plants in Russia

Today in our country operates 10 nuclear power plants (a total of 33 power installed capacity of 25.2 GW), which produce about 16% of the electricity produced. In the European part of Russia, the share of nuclear power is 30% and the North West — 37%. Organizational all nuclear power plants are branches of JSC "Concern" Rosenergoatom "(included in the controlled state corporation" Rosatom "of" Atomenergoprom "), which is the second in Europe in terms of energy by nuclear power generation, second only to the French EDF, and the first in terms of generation in the country .


  • View of the station from a height.
  • View of the station from a height.

Location: near Balakovo (Saratov region).
Types of plants: VVER-1000
Units: 4
Years of commissioning: 1985, 1987, 1988, 1993

Balakovo NPP is one of the largest and most modern Russian energy companies, providing a quarter of the electricity production in the Volga Federal District. It supplies energy for the Volga region (76% of electricity supplied), Centre (13%), the Urals (8%) and Siberia (3%). It is equipped with VVER reactors (pressurized water reactor vessel type using water under pressure). Electricity Balakovo — the cheapest among all the nuclear power plants and thermal power plants in Russia. The capacity factor (load factor) at Balakovo NPP is more than 80%. The station on the results of 1995, 1999, 2000, 2003 and 2005-2007. honored with the title of "Best Russian nuclear power plants."


Beloyarsk NPP

Location: near Zarechniy (Sverdlovsk region).
Types of plants: AMB-100/200 the BN-600
Units: 3 (2 — decommissioned) + 1 stage construction
Years of commissioning: 1964, 1967, 1980

This is the first large power plant in the country’s history of nuclear power and the only one with different types of reactors at the site. It is on the Kola nuclear power plant operated by the world’s powerful unit with a fast neutron reactor BN-600 (№ 3). Fast-breeder reactors are designed to significantly increase the fuel base of nuclear energy and to minimize the amount of waste due to the closed nuclear fuel cycle. Power units number 1 and number 2 worn out, and in the 80s were taken out of service. The block number 4 reactor BN-800 is planned to be commissioned in 2014.


  • Beloyarsk NPP
  • Beloyarsk NPP


Bilibinskaya NPP

Location: near Bilibino (Chukotka)
Types of plants: EGP-6
Units: 4
Years of commissioning: 1974 (2) 1975, 1976

The station produces about 75% of the electricity generated in the isolated Chaun-Bilibino energy (in this system accounts for about 40% of electricity consumption in Chukotka). The NPP operates four uranium-graphite channel reactor installed capacity of 12 MW each. The station produces both electricity and thermal energy that goes into heating Bilibino.

Bilibinskaya the northernmost nuclear power plant in the world.

  • Bilibinskaya NPP
  • Bilibinskaya NPP

Kalinin NPP

Location: near Udomlya (Tver region).
Reactor type: VVER-1000
Units: 4
Year of commissioning: 1984, 1986, 2004, 2012

Kalinin nuclear power plant operating four power units with pressurized water reactors VVER-1000 reactors of 1000 MW (e) each.

  • Kalinin NPP
  • Kalinin NPP


Kola NPP

Location: near the city of Polar Zori (Murmansk region).
Reactor type: VVER-440
Units: 4
Year of commissioning: 1973, 1974, 1981, 1984

Kola nuclear power plant, located 200 km south of Murmansk on the shores of Lake Imandra, is a major supplier of electricity for the region’s industrial development. The plant has four power units with VVER-440 V-230 project (blocks № № 1, 2) and B-213 (block number number 3, 4). Generated power — 1760 MW. In 1996-1998. recognized as the best Russian nuclear power plant.

  • Kola NPP
  • Kola NPP


Kursk NPP

Location: near the city of Kurchatov (Kursk region).
Reactor type: RBMK-1000
Power block4
Year of commissioning: 1976, 1979, 1983, 1985

The Kursk nuclear power plant is located on the left bank of the Sejm, 40 km south-west of Kursk. It operates four power units with RBMK-1000 reactors (uranium-graphite reactors channel-type reactor) with a total capacity of 4 GW (e). In the 1993-2004 years. have been radically modernized units of the first generation (block number number 1, 2), in 2008-2009. — Units of the second generation (№ № 3, 4). Currently Kursk NPP demonstrates a high level of security and reliability.


  • Kursk NPP
  • Kursk NPP



Leningrad NPP

Location: near the town of Pine Forest (Leningrad region).
Type of reactor: RBMK-1000
Units: 4 + 2 under construction
Year of commissioning: 1973, 1975, 1979, 1981

SELA was the first station in the country with RBMK-1000. It was built 80 km west of St. Petersburg, on the Gulf of Finland. Kursk NPP Unit 4 electric capacity of 1,000 MW each. Currently under construction the second stage of the station (see the Leningrad NPP-2 below).

  • Leningrad NPP
  • Leningrad NPP




Location: near Novovoronezh (Voronezh region).
Reactor type: VVER different power
Units: 3 (2 more decommissioned)
Year of commissioning: 1964, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1980

Russia’s first nuclear power plant with VVER reactors. Each of the five reactors of the plant is a prototype serial power reactors. Power unit number 1 was equipped with VVER-210
unit number 2 — VVER-365, power number number 3, 4 — VVER-440 unit number 5 — VVER-1000 reactor. Currently, the plant operates three power (power units № № 1,2 were stopped in 1988 and 1990.). Novovoronezh NPP-2 is being built on the NPP-2006 project using the reactor VVER-1200. The general contractor for construction of Novovoronezh NPP-2 acts of "AEP" (Moscow).

  • Novovoronezh
  • Novovoronezh



Rostov NPP

Location: near Volgodonsk (Rostov region).
Reactor type:VVER-1000
Units: 2 + 2 under construction
Year of commissioning: 2001, 2010

Rostov nuclear power plants are located on the shore of the reservoir Tsymlyansk, 13.5 km from Volgodonsk. It is one of the largest energy companies of the South of Russia, providing about 15% of annual electricity generation in regione.Energoblok number 2 was put into commercial operation December 10, 2010.

  • Rostov NPP
  • Rostov NPP


Smolensk NPP

Location: near Desnogorsk (Smolensk region).
Reactor type:RBMK-1000
Units: 3
Year of commissioning: 1982, 1985, 1990

Smolensk nuclear power plant — one of the leading energy companies in the North-West region of Russia. It consists of three units with RBMK-1000. The station was constructed in 3 km from the satellite city of Desnogorsk, in the south of the Smolensk region. In 2007, she became the first Russian nuclear power plant received a certificate of quality management system international standard ISO 9001:2000. SNPP — large enterprises of the Smolensk region, the share of revenue from it to the regional budget is more than 30%.


  • Smolensk NPP
  • Smolensk NPP



Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant

The world’s first nuclear power plant. Was launched in 1954 and stopped in 2002. Currently, the station is created on the basis of the museum.


  • Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant
  • Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant

Siberian plant

Commissioning 1958. Nuclear power plant in the city of Seversk (Tomsk-7) of the Tomsk region. A second nuclear power plant in the Soviet Union and the first commercial nuclear power plant in the country (in Obninsk reactor had a capacity of 6 MW).

Its main purpose was the time between weapons-grade plutonium for the Siberian Chemical Combine (in his station includes a division of "Reactor Plant") that produce heat and electricity were only a useful by-product.

Conclusion From 2008 operating practices.

  • Siberian nuclear power plant cooling towers
  • Siberian nuclear power plant cooling towers


In the Next technical review of nuclear power plants will be constructed in Russia.

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