An excerpt from the book David Bergland Libertarianism in one lesson
The ideas presented in this book — available to few. But, I hope that you — one of those people who are able to understand them. To understand them requires the ability to think independently, safely, and just have common sense.
Libertarian Party and the libertarian worldview differ from the parties of the political establishment.
First, the Libertarian Party is a political organization established for the implementation of a particular political philosophy. All libertarian views on controversial issues occur and consist of the basic libertarian principles. In condensed form libertarian worldview begins with the provisions on self-ownership. Each person belongs to himself. Therefore, every person has the absolute right to manage their lives, body, words, deeds and honestly acquired property.
Everyone has those rights. Therefore, each person must also respect the same rights as all other people.
From this starting point we can derive a judgment on any political issue includes these principles. A person has the right to protect their own rights, but he has no right to violate the rights of others.
Further, no one can authorize another person to violate someone's rights more. That is, I can not authorize its representative in the government violate the rights of others, which would benefit in my opinion it would no avail. Another consequence of this duty of respect for other people's rights is that each of us is responsible for ourselves and can not reasonably claim to be the identity, condition or any other property of the sovereign individual.
Compare the Libertarian Party and its validity with the Republican and Democratic parties. None of them are impossible to detect an underlying philosophy. They simply do not have it.
Meaningless political labels
The label "Democrat" or "Republican" does not say anything about what position people in the discussion of any issue. In contrast to the Libertarian Party, whose platform eliminates the deviation from the basic principles of the Democratic and Republican parties are taking the platform at every election meeting, which can be weakly or not at all related to the preceding, and may directly contradict the position taken earlier.
While the Democratic and Republican parties have fundamental philosophical principles, they simply share a common mood and motivation. Statutes and the behavior of the leadership of both the old parties proclaim elitist and arrogant attitudes. They have no respect for the rights of people. In you and in me they see a means to an end, as if we, our bodies and property are sources which they can exploit for what they wish. In contrast, libertarians always act with respect for the rights of every individual, and believe that people in government have to perform the necessary functions without forcing anyone's individual rights.
The Democratic and Republican parties seek only to achieve the power to the control of the state apparatus, using it to their own benefit and the benefit and their friends. Since there is no free lunch, and since the government does not produce anything, the only way to extract government benefits — steal first designed for this purpose resources from other citizens — we have with you. In contrast, libertarians tend to reduce the size of government, to limit its intervention in the lives of the citizens, to perpetuate him only the functions help citizens protect their rights against anyone who might infringe on them.
Libertarians believe that the government can not provide benefits to anyone, not robbing someone else before that. This is why libertarians advocate for an end to forced ways of financing government functions through taxation and call for replacement of taxation voluntary ways of funding the necessary government functions.
Replacing the mindless spectrum "left-right"
Frequently asked libertarians — right wing or left? Liberal or conservative? Put libertarians in the traditional spectrum of "left-right" — an error. What defines a traditional range? Nothing! Curiously, political analysts and commentators rarely discuss this striking defect in the usual scheme of labels. Labels such as "left", "right", "moderate" is almost as useless as a traditional party signs, designed to show what positions adheres to such a policy on the issue.
Below given layout, based on the analysis, originally developed by the founder of the Libertarian Party David Noulanom and further in-depth Marshall Fritz from the organization "Supporters of government," explains political balance is better, because it takes into account what are the people in the consideration of the relevant and important measures relating to personal and economic freedoms.
The position of self-government activity divides people into two main areas: economic and personal. Economic issues related to money, including employment, trade, investment or business relationship. Personal questions do not include the money, but concern about the choice of what to read, eat, drink, smoke, wear or with whom to ally, to sleep or to marry. An important issue in determining political "position" is as much (percentage) "government", ie freedom in each of these areas defends people. Or, conversely, what percentage of control over personal and economic activities of the state needs to man.
The shortest in the world political test
Use the chart below to determine your self in the place of this new political map. Start by answering the following 10 questions.
Circle D if you agree, M — May or may not believe H — No.
|Do you like the idea of inherent self-government at the consideration of the individual?|
|1. Military service should be voluntary. (There is no conscription)||D||M||H|
|2. Government should to own a TV or press or to control them.||D||M||H|
|3. Government should regulate the sex lives of adult citizens||D||M||H|
|4. The laws against drugs do more harm than good. Cancel them.||D||M||H|
|5. Let the people with peaceful intentions immigrate and emigrate freely.||D||M||H|
|The scores PERSONAL Freedom: add 20 for each D, 10 — for M and 0 — for H.||TOTAL:|
|Do you like the idea of inherent self-handling economic issues?|
|1. Farmers need to run the economy without state. subsidies and quotas||D||M||H|
|2. Free trade brings people more benefits than government restrictions such as excise taxes, quotas, duties, tariffs, and fixed prices.||D||M||H|
|3. The laws on minimum wages reduce the number of jobs. Cancel them.||D||M||H|
|4. Do away with taxes. Those who offer services that must be paid on a voluntary basis.||D||M||H|
|5. Europe and Japan should pay for their own defense.||D||M||H|
|The scores PERSONAL Freedom: add 20 for each D, 10 — for M and 0 — for H.||TOTAL:|
How to use the survey and chart on government
Set aside on a scale your personal account on the left, and the economic right. (For example, 20% of personnel and 20% of the economic). Then find the point of intersection of the corresponding fine lines. The area in which it falls — is the area of your political views.
You can build and political image of politicians, public figures or groups on the basis of how you think they would answer those questions. Suppose Margaret Thatcher probably would have landed in the right quarter, Franklin Delano Roosevelt — to the left, and Thomas Jefferson — to the top. Stalin, Hitler, Castro, etc. are, of course, below.
Liberals and conservatives: what's the difference?
From the diagram we can see that the ones commonly referred to as "liberals" — followers of a relatively high degree of personal freedom. In turn, the Liberals are calling for a large share of state control over the economic activity of people. Liberals give us good on the part of his personal life, but want strict supervision when it comes to business and commerce. Typical "conservatives" suggest the opposite. Conservatives — those who favor a relatively high level of economic freedom, that is, for lower taxes and reduced government regulation of business, at the same time calling for less personal freedom. Conservatives give us good when we are in the business and commercial activities, but want to watch our private lives, that we have not sinned, did not act recklessly or too high jinks.
"Libertarians" are in the top quarter of the diagram, this is the place for those who maintain a high degree of both economic and personal freedom. Libertarians believe give people good at all, no matter what kind of business or personal activities they are engaged in, and continuously support the right of people to control their own life in all its forms
People, in fact fully libertarian opposition, are located in the lower quarter of the diagram. They generally refer to the supporters of the "totalitarian state." To this group belong to the Marxists, socialists, communists, fascists, statists and populists. These people believe that all human activity must be subject to government control and that any significant level of freedom, both personal and business, brings great harm.
Libertarian position: basic and immutable
Libertarianism is neither some kind of left-wing or liberal thought, nor a kind of right-wing or conservative thought. Is not it, and the combination of the left and right positions. The diagram shows that libertarians have a common border with the liberals and conservatives. For liberals and libertarians is not unusual to take similar positions on personal freedoms, such as freedom of speech. It is not unusual for conservatives and libertarians to be on the same side in some economic disputes. It is more the result of coincidence, not a principle. All libertarian positions on the issues back to the basic libertarian principles of self-ownership and respect for the rights of others in the same, as mentioned earlier. Other political groups such unnatural unchanging, fundamental approach.
In fact, in order to learn about the judgment of any Democrat, Republican, liberal or conservative on any given issue at any time, need to ask them about it. They do not have a unified approach to the firm of the subject, as they have no fundamental principles. The best thing to do is make a list of judgments that they hold on the issue and check from time to time if there are any changes in it.
In contrast, since libertarians just have a basic set of principles, one can understand that there will always be a libertarian on the side that attaches the highest importance to personal freedom and responsibility, and which supports the reduction of government control over the individual. Libertarian looks at people in any situation and wondering whether they deal with each other peacefully, voluntary and honest manner. If so, no one is allowed in such a situation to resort to violence. None of the participants do not have to use force, because it necessarily violates someone's rights. No third party, including the government, can not intrude unasked into the situation with force, forcing people to do what they are good will not be received. This does not mean that we should reject the proposed aid spospeshestvovanie or advice that people would voluntarily took over their problems. In fact, libertarians support the idea offers support to those who have problems. But the essence of the political question is this: when the use of force by the government justified? We should constantly ask yourself this important question. Libertarians always respond to it this way: only when the protected rights of citizens.
Compare liberal, conservative and libertarian
Next, we consider the questions most frequently arise in political disputes. For every such question is a typical response from a liberal, conservative and libertarian. Let's start with the issues raised in "the world's shortest political test."
Since not all liberals think alike and not all conservatives are in the same position, then ascribed to them the answers, of course, can cause protests from the dissenting liberals or conservatives. However, the responses of liberals and conservatives are based on the experiences of the author, who has heard or read statements and judgments of thousands of people who identify themselves as either the Liberals or the Conservatives. The answers are based on the writings of liberal libertarian scholars, on a personal opinion and copyright to the Libertarian Party Platform.
Compare liberal, conservative and libertarian
Should there be an appeal to the army, military conscription?
Liberal: Yes, but not in time of peace.
Conservative: Yes, America should always be able to repel a potential enemy, and youth is necessary for the absorption of patriotism.
Libertarian: No, not at all. Conscription is slavery. The servants — bad defenders of freedom.
Should the state to own newspapers, radio, TV or monitor them?
Liberal: Yes. We need a public broadcasting system to ensure the existence of high-quality programs, and the government should control the advertising message to the children and other credulous people.
Conservative: State should not own a print or TV, but they should be monitored to prevent obscene publications and to establish equilibrium in the reports of media, dominated by liberals.
Libertarian: No. In a free society there is no room to state control or ownership of the writing or electronic media. The owners of newspapers and broadcasters should take responsibility for what they publish. Let's parents or other users are responsible for the fact that they allow the house.
Should the government regulate the sex lives of adults, including prostitution?
Liberal: Generally not. But when it legalized prostitution should be regulated for the sake of public health.
Conservative: Yes. Prostitution, homosexuality, adultery and fornication should be outlawed because they are destroying family values.
Libertarian: No. Sex life consensual adult does not violate no one's rights. The right of adults to make their own decisions in this most intimate area must be respected.
Should we legalize drugs such as marijuana, cocaine and heroin?
Liberal: As a rule, no. Perhaps we can legalize marijuana, but its production and sales should be regulated and taxed.
Conservative: NO! In his mind, whether you? Everyone knows all the bad things in the world — because of drugs, drug dealers and inflated drug gangs. What we need is a more stringent laws, longer sentences and more prisons.
Libertarian: Yes. A peaceful use of drugs does not violate the personal rights of others. People have the right to dispose of her body. Laws against drugs — into the hands of organized crime, they cause more crime, corrupt police, and to destroy civil rights and DO NOT WORK!
Whether to allow travel, entry and exit in the U.S. without restrictions?
Liberal: We need to provide more help to people trying to escape poverty and political oppression so that they could come to America, but with restrictions, as they take jobs away from Americans.
Conservative: No. We already have too many immigrants. So everyone will want to come to America. They increase the cost of living, take away jobs, contribute to an increase in crime and disease, and refuse to learn English.
Libertarian: Yes. All individuals the same rights, regardless of where they are born and where he currently lives. Everyone who wants to take responsibility for themselves, have the right to travel and seek opportunities in life, even beyond international borders. America has always been a winner of the immigrants who arrived with nothing, worked hard, starting a business, be educated and strengthened the American economy.
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